Fish and Aquatic Life
Peufald, in the Brill and Red Cedar Rivers Watershed, is a 14.70 acre lake that falls in Washburn County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
A soft water, seepage lake, it is landlocked and not connected by any watercourse to the other two Peufald Lakes. Its fishery includes largemouth bass and bluegills. It has an irregular, crescent shape with basins at each end. The eastern basin is shallower with about 20 feet of depth. Thirty percent of the lakeshore is steeply sloping in this hilly terrain. Ninety-five percent of the shore is wooded upland.
Two leatherleaf and tamarack bogs are found off the north shore and have muck bottomed littoral areas bordering them. The rest of the littoral bottom is unsorted gravel, sand and boulders. Aquatic vegetation is rather sparse in this clear water lake. Furbearer use is minor but a few mallards and wood duck broods are raised here each year. Its wetlands amount to five acres of mostly bog. There are two cottages on the lakeshore. Public frontage is limited to the Town of Birchwood access site on the south end of the lake.
Source: 1978, Surface Water Resources of Washburn County Peufald Lake No. 3, T38N, R10W, Section 34, Surface Acres-14.9, Maximum Depth-32 feet, M.P.A.-8 ppm, Secchi Disk-11 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1874100||Peufald Lakes||10018545||Peufald Lake -- Access||Map||Data|
|1874100||Peufald Lakes||10006762||Peufald Lake # 3||9/5/2000||6/23/2015||Map||Data|
|1874100||Peufald Lakes||10047594||Grassy Lake Carry-in Access||Map||Data|
Peufald Lakes is located in the Brill and Red Cedar Rivers watershed which is 297.68 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (49.40%), agricultural (20.30%) and a mix of grassland (10.70%) and other uses (19.60%). This watershed has 264.90 stream miles, 6,282.34 lake acres and 15,832.05 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.