Fish and Aquatic Life
Upper Clam Lake, in the West Fork Chippewa River Watershed, is a 167.92 acre lake that falls in Ashland County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Ashland County Upper Clam Lake, T42, 43N, R4W, Sections 6, 31, 32
A soft water, drainage lake on the West Fork of the Chippewa River. It has a one foot high rock roller dam on the outlet, and its estimated normal outlet flow is 8.0 cubic feet per second. The fish population consists of walleyes, muskellunge, largemouth bass, perch, bluegills, black crappies, rock bass, pumpkinseeds, white suckers, redhorse, and golden shiners. Lakeshore vegetation is upland hardwood and conifer. Most of the littoral lake bottom area is sand and gravel. It has moderate and varied aquatic vegetation growth. Its waterfowl value is moderate with some use by migratory birds and nesting puddle ducks and loons. Muskrat and beaver use is light. Private development consists of one resort and boat rental place and nineteen cottages. The only public frontage is four access plats, one of which is developed for boat landing and is located on the west shore.
Surface Acres = 164.6, Maximum Depth = 20 feet, M.P.A. = 44 ppm, Secchi Disk = 5 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2429600||Upper Clam Lake||023121||Upper Clam Lake - Deep Hole||7/19/1973||8/27/2002||Map||Data|
|2429600||Upper Clam Lake||10000600||Upper Clam Lake||8/29/2000||8/14/2019||Map||Data|
|2429600||Upper Clam Lake||10019200||Upper Clam Lake - Clam Lake - Access||6/14/2011||12/5/2019||Map||Data|
Upper Clam Lake is located in the West Fork Chippewa River watershed which is 284.78 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (62%), wetland (33.60%) and a mix of open (4.30%) and other uses (0%). This watershed has 256.71 stream miles, 6,208.10 lake acres and 60,035.54 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.