Fish and Aquatic Life
Twin Lake, East, in the West Fork Chippewa River Watershed, is a 112.32 acre shallow stained lake that falls in Ashland County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Ashland County East Twin Lake, T43N, R4W, Section 22
A soft water, seepage lake with extensive bog areas on the east and south shores. A small outlet with an estimated flow of 0.1 cubic feet per second is the headwaters of the Torch River. The most common fish species are muskellunge, perch and pumpkinseeds. Largemouth bass, black crappies, bullheads, white suckers and golden shiners are also present. Its waterfowl use is limited to the nesting of a few mallards and blue-winged teal. Muskrat and beaver use is insignificant. Private development consists of two cottages. Camping facilities and an access road are provided by the Forest Service and 1.51 miles of the shoreline is Chequamegon National Forest Land.
Surface Acres = 110.0, Maximum Depth = 15 feet, M.P.A. = 18 ppm, Secchi Disk = 4 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Monitor Fish Community
Conduct periodic monitoring of the fishery in East Twin Lake and change management
direction as needed. A fishery is always changing as year class failures and/or angler harvest
can disrupt the balance and necessitate the need for additional management activities. A spring
shocker run (late-May) every 2 to 3 years is recommended to keep abreast of the status of the
fishery in East Twin Lake. The Chequamegon/Nicolet National Forest contract fisheries
program will incorporate this run into its annual work plans.
Habitat Restoration - Lake
Maintain the undeveloped and wild nature of the shoreline. Any type of work or development
near the shoreline should follow the guidelines for riparian management zones as described in
"Wisconsin's Forestry Best Management Practices for Water Quality" (PUB-FR-093 95).
Fish Management, Access
Continue to manage East Twin Lake as a panfish and trophy largemouth bass fishery. Retain
the 18-inch, 1 daily bag and the later opener for largemouth bass as this has provided for a
quality angling opportunity. The supplemental stocking of bass fingerlings should be
discontinued as natural reproduction and recruitment have increased and should sustain the
fishery. The current harvest regulation for panfish of a 25 daily bag was sufficient to maintain
and enhance the populations.
Fish Management, Access
Maintain the liberal 28-inch minimum length limit for muskellunge in East Twin Lake. The
lake does not provide suitable habitat or forage for this trophy species and it is desirable to have
as low a density as possible. It's likely that the species will always maintain a presence in the
lake -- but no efforts should be exerted toward increasing their numbers.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2429000||East Twin Lake||10000599||East Twin Lake||8/29/2000||9/21/2017||Map||Data|
|2429000||East Twin Lake||10019550||East Twin Lake - Access Off Forest Rd 190||6/14/2011||6/14/2011||Map||Data|
East Twin Lake is located in the West Fork Chippewa River watershed which is 284.78 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (62%), wetland (33.60%) and a mix of open (4.30%) and other uses (0%). This watershed has 256.71 stream miles, 6,208.10 lake acres and 60,035.54 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.