Pierce, St. Croix
Fish and Aquatic Life
Kinnickinnic River -T29N, R18W, Sec. 36 to T28N, R19W, Sec. 36, Surface Acres = 36.3, Miles = 15.0, Gradient = 6 feet per mile.
Flows southwest into Pierce County and Lake St. Croix. Managed for brook and brown trout, it also has rainbow trout present. The Kinnickinnic Wildlife Area consisting of mostly leased land encompasses most of the stream's length in
St. Croix County. This stream improvement project is one of the three original habitat development demonstration projects initiated in 1949. There are approximately 14 miles of state-leased streambank and .5 miles of state-owned frontage here for acreages totaling 192.4 acres leased and 8.84 acres owned by the Department. Access may be had from 10 road bridges. Fifteen homes and cottages are situated along the stream. Muskrat and beaver are an additional wildlife resource here. A large infiltration area above this stream keeps its springs well supplied.
From: Sather, LaVerne M. and Threinen, C.W., 1961. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of St. Croix County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The Kinnickinnic River was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new total phosphorus sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
The Kinnickinnic River is an outstanding resource water and is considered one of the most outstanding Class I Trout streams in the state of Wisconsin.The Kinnickinnic River has one of the highest densities of brown trout in the state. Trout densities range from 2,000 to 12,000 trout per stream mile.The river is classified as an ORW above STH 35 and the remaining portion of the river classified as Class I trout is an ERW. The trout fishery and aquatic habitat is threatened by agricultural and urban NPS pollution.The urban development from the City of River Fals continues to increase the amounbt of untreated urban stormwater runoff being discharged to the stream. The department funded the development of a comprehensive plan for the city of River Falls in in 1991 (and a sewer service area plan in 1998). The implementation of plan recommendations will be critical for the protection of the riveras well as the control of rural sources of NPS pollution.
Author Lisa Helmuth
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
Nine Key Element Plan
Kinnickinnic River St. Croix PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan - Current and planned land uses, in combination with identified pollutant management priorities, can be used to develop suitable arrays of Best Management Practices (BMPs), and a management strategy can be developed and implemented for each subwatershed or drainage area. 2601800
ATTAINS Alternative Restoration Approach
Kinnickinnic River St. Croix PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan - Current and planned land uses, in combination with identified pollutant management priorities, can be used to develop suitable arrays of Best Management Practices (BMPs), and a management strategy can be developed and implemented for each subwatershed or drainage area.
Stormwater Planning, Implementation
WRM should amend the River Falls Stormwater Management Plan to the
St. Croix River Basin Areawide Water Quality Management Plan (Type
Stormwater Planning, Implementation
The City of River Falls should implement the recommendations of the stormwater management plan to protect the Kinnickinnic River downstream of the stormwater discharges in River Falls. It is critical that the recommendations of the stormwater management plan be implemented to prevent further degradation of this unique and valuable resource (Type C).
Monitor Fish Tissue
District WRM and Fisheries Management should continue to sample for
fish PCB and mercury tissue analysis (Type B).
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||563039||Kinnickinnic River - Cth Mm Bridge||5/10/1979||11/1/1979||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||563011||Kinnickinnic River - Vollrath Refrigeration River Fls||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||10012009||Cr. 36-15. 50' U.S. Of Mouth ||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||10011489||Kinnickinnic River - 7-Kinni River. Old Cedar St. Bridge||5/21/1997||5/21/1997||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||483041||Kinnickinnic River at River Falls||7/5/1990||10/10/1995||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||10037539||Kinnickinnic River at Maple St||7/2/2012||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|2601800||Kinnickinnic River||10048121||Purple Loosestrife - Below Dam on Kinnickinnick River||7/15/2015||7/15/2015||Map||Data|
Kinnickinnic River is located in the Kinnickinnic River watershed which is 206.08 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (47.30%), grassland (25.40%) and a mix of forest (19.40%) and other uses (7.80%). This watershed has 283.63 stream miles, 508.55 lake acres and 1,305.73 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.