Fish and Aquatic Life
The Eleva millpond is a 5.9 acre impoundment of Big Creek and Adams Creek. The Upper Buffalo River Watershed (BT08) map in this plan shows the location of the Eleva Millpond. The watershed covers approximately 20 square miles, or 12,800 acres.
A 1972 WDNR lake survey found that 82 percent of the lake was deeper than three feet. The maximum depth was nine feet and the estimated volume was 25.3 acre feet. By 1987, the water depth in the upper half of the impoundment was less than two feet and the lower half was less than four feet.
WDNR granted a permit in July 1987 to dredge up to 28,000 cubic yards of lake sediment to upgrade and ensure quality trout fishing. The millpond dredging proposal called for mechanical dredging to a depth of six feet in the upper lake and eight feet in the lower lake. The estimated project cost was $40,000. Mechanical dredging occurred during winter 1987 and spring 1988.
WDNR staff inspected the Eleva Roller Mill Dam in August 1986. WDNR recommended several repairs pertaining to the concrete and wooden structure and embankments (Coke, 1986). A portion of the dam washed out in April 1994. Repairs were made and the water level restored. A leak was observed in March 1995. The impoundment was then drained and the dam repaired again (Babros).
Author Aquatic Biologist
This medium hard water, drainage impoundment is located on Big Creek within the Village of Eleva. The water is clear, alkaline, and has a low transparency. Water levels are controlled by stoplogs. The dam is owned by the village and it has a height of 16 feet. Trout comprise the fishery. Brook and brown trout have been stocked following chemical treatment in 1969 to remove carp. The chemical eradication of fish was the final phase of a renovation program which included dredging by the Village of Eleva. A park provides public access. Beaver have been observed. A relatively few migrant puddle ducks use the impoundment.
Source: 1970, Surface Water Resources of Trempealeau County Eleva Pond, T24N, R9W, S10 Surface Acres = 5.9, S.D.F. = 2.06, Maximum Depth = 8 feet.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
1.The City of Eleva should evaluate installing an effectively designed and maintained sediment trap for long-term protection of its millpond from current high sedimentation rates (Type C).
2.Eleva should develop a program to raise funds annually for continuing lake management, since state and federal funds may not be available in the future for dredging projects (Type C).
3.Eleva should submit a written operation and maintenance plan for the Eleva Roller Mill Dam to WDNR to estimate and possibly reduce dam maintenance costs (Type C).
4.Eleva should consider dam removal as a future management option in lieu of costly dam repairs and recurrent dredging, weighing the benefits of a streamside park against the cost of maintaining the millpond (Type C).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1823500||Eleva Pond||623011||Big Creek - Family Farms Inc Eleva 3-In Otfl||4/19/1979||6/2/1981||Map||Data|
|1823500||Eleva Pond||623012||Big Creek - Family Farms Inc Eleva 12in Otfl||9/11/1979||9/11/1979||Map||Data|
|1823500||Eleva Pond||10005941||Eleva Pond||8/29/2000||8/22/2009||Map||Data|
Eleva Pond is located in the Upper Buffalo River watershed which is 194.36 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (41.70%), agricultural (33.70%) and a mix of grassland (17.50%) and other uses (7.10%). This watershed has 438.86 stream miles, 85.35 lake acres and 6,107.52 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.