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Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem
High Phosphorus Levels
Fish and Aquatic Life
The middle and lower portions of this stream are severely degraded by livestock pasturing the streambanks. A high potential for cropland erosion exists as a large amount of fall plowing occurs on steep slopes in the uplands adjacent to this stream. The upper portion of this stream appears to be buffered by protected streambanks and adjacent wetlands.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Bruce Valley Creek was recently evaluated during the ten-year period of 2009 through 2018 for results that were reported to the USEPA for the 2020 Clean Water Act condition report. The waterbody is considered impaired, or in poor condition for designated uses which include the quality of fish and aquatic life, recreational use, and public health and welfare (fish consumption and related). Pollutants or problems encountered during sampling (impairments) are determined based on water quality standards outlined in Wisconsin 2020 Consolidated Assessment and Listing Methodology (WisCALM). Assessment results show water conditions that are potentially harmful for Aquatic Life use due to values for total phosphorus that fall into the range expected for an aquatic community in poor health, therefore this water is listed as impaired.
Assessment results during the 2020 listing cycle show total phosphorus levels too high for healthy aquatic communities like plants, fish, and bugs according to 2020 WisCALM standards. However, fish sample data were in excellent condition (i.e. no fish or macroinvertebrate Index of Biotic Integrity scored in the poor condition category). Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list in 2020.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10008453||Station 5 Halverson Rd||5/29/2018||10/26/2021||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10016122||Bruce Valley Creek - Driveway West Off D 3/4 Mile Northof Junc. E Small Riffle Area 30 Yds Southof Bridge||4/23/1979||4/26/1989||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10008450||Station 1 Mouth||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10021967||Bruce Valley Ck Stockat Loga Rd||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10022001||Bruce Valley Creek Halvorson Rd.||5/18/2018||10/15/2020||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||623223||Bruce Val Cr - Drwy-Cth D Sw Sec28||9/12/1979||6/28/2008||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10008454||Station 6 - N. Of Olaf Rd.||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||10008452||Station 3 Loga Rd.||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1786700||Bruce Valley Creek||623225||Trib-Bruce Valley Creek - Drwy Swnw Sec9||4/24/1979||9/21/1989||Map||Data|
Bruce Valley Creek is located in the Elk Creek watershed which is 112.95 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (41.90%), agricultural (28.70%) and a mix of grassland (23.30%) and other uses (6.20%). This watershed has 284.80 stream miles, 47.13 lake acres and 3,310.85 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Bruce Valley Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
More Interactive Maps
Maps of Watershed