Diamond Lake, Trappers and Pine Creeks Watershed (BR12)
Diamond Lake, Trappers and Pine Creeks Watershed (BR12)
Diamond Lake (1757200)
49.10 Acres
Natural Community
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results that use predicted flow and temperature based on landscape features and related assumptions. Ranges of flow and temperature associated with specific aquatic life communities (fish, macroinvertebrates) help biologists identify appropriate resource management goals. Wisconsin Natural Communities.
Year Last Monitored
This is the most recent date of monitoring data stored in SWIMS. Additional surveys for fish and habitat may be available subsequent to this date.
This lake is impaired
Mercury Contaminated Fish Tissue
Trout Water 
Trout Waters are represented by Class I, Class II or Class III waters. These classes have specific ecological characteristics and management actions associated with them. For more information regarding Trout Classifications, see the Fisheries Trout Class Webpages.
Outstanding or Exceptional 
Wisconsin has designated many of the state's highest quality waters as Outstanding Resource Waters (ORWs) or Exceptional Resource Waters (ERWs). Waters designated as ORW or ERW are surface waters which provide outstanding recreational opportunities, support valuable fisheries and wildlife habitat, have good water quality, and are not significantly impacted by human activities. ORW and ERW status identifies waters that the State of Wisconsin has determined warrant additional protection from the effects of pollution. These designations are intended to meet federal Clean Water Act obligations requiring Wisconsin to adopt an 'antidegradation' policy that is designed to prevent any lowering of water quality - especially in those waters having significant ecological or cultural value.
Impaired Water 
A water is polluted or 'impaired' if it does not support full use by humans, wildlife, fish and other aquatic life and it is shown that one or more of the pollutant criteria are not met.

Fish and Aquatic Life

Current Use
The use the water currently supports. This is not a designation or classification; it is based on the current condition of the water. Information in this column is not designed for, and should not be used for, regulatory purposes.
Attainable Use
The use that the investigator believes the water could achieve through managing "controllable" sources. Beaver dams, hydroelectric dams, low gradient streams, and naturally occurring low flows are generally not considered controllable. The attainable use may be the same as the current use or it may be higher.
Aquatic Life
Waters that support fish and aquatic life communities (healthy biological communities).
Designated Use
This is the water classification legally recognized by NR102 and NR104, Wis. Adm. Code. The classification determines water quality criteria and effluent limits. Waters obtain designated uses through classification procedures.
Default FAL
Fish and Aquatic Life - Default Waters do not have a specific use designation subcategory but are considered fishable, swimmable waters.


This 49 acre drainage lake has a good fishery with a naturally reproducing walleye population. However, a fish consumption advisory exists for walleye over 15 inches for mercury (WDNR, 1997). Since only walleye were previously sampled, other game species present in significant numbers should be collected for fish tissue analysis (Amrhein). There is a fair amount of agricultural activity around Diamond Lake and summer algae blooms are common. Comprehensive water quality information is lacking for Diamond Lake. Training a self-help volunteer and a lakes planning grant would add to the limited water quality database of this lake (Ryan).

Date  1999

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Historical Description

Diamond Lake is a soft water, drainage lake located on a feeder to McKenzie Creek. The estimated normal flow of the outlet is 1.0 cubic foot per second. A two-foot head rock roller dam at the outlet maintains the water level at its present height. Summer algae blooms are common, but are not considered to be a problem. The fish population consists of northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, perch, bluegill, black crappies, rock bass, pumpkinseed, black bullhead, carp, and white suckers. Approximately 50 percent of the shoreline is pasture, with the remainder being upland hardwood and marsh. The littoral zone is about one-half muck with the remaining part being mostly rubble and gravel. Aquatic plants noted here include pickerel weed, cattail, yellow and white water lilies, watershield, coontail, and green algae. Muskrat use is significant, but there are no beaver present. Waterfowl use is minor. A town park on the west shore provides the only public access to the lake. There are facilities for picnicking and camping, a beach, and a boat launching ramp. There is no private development.

Source: 1970, Surface Water Resources of Taylor County Diamond Lake, T30N, R3W, Section 1 Surface Acres = 48.95, Maximum Depth = 30 feet, M.P.A. = 46 ppm, Secchi Disk = 5 feet.

Date  1970

Author   Aquatic Biologist

Diamond Lake, Trappers and Pine Creeks Watershed (BR12) Fish and Aquatic LifeDiamond Lake, Trappers and Pine Creeks Watershed (BR12) RecreationDiamond Lake, Trappers and Pine Creeks Watershed (BR12) Fish Consumption


Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.


Management Goals

Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable

Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.


Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.

Grants and Management Projects

Monitoring Projects

Watershed Characteristics

Diamond Lake is located in the Trappers and Pine Creeks watershed which is 134.31 miĀ². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (38.80%), wetland (27.80%) and a mix of agricultural (23.50%) and other uses (9.80%). This watershed has 181.16 stream miles, 550.88 lake acres and 15,489.14 wetland acres.

Nonpoint Source Characteristics

This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.

Natural Community

Diamond Lake is considered a Reservoir under the state's Natural Community Determinations.

Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model results and DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.