Fish and Aquatic Life
Jack Creek is a 12 mile tributary to Cunningham Creek. Land use in the Jack Creek sub-watershed is dominated by agriculture with wooded stream corridors. The presence of sport fish in this stream depends on rainfall amounts, which dictates in-stream water levels. A habitat survey documented eroded streambanks, moderate deposition of fine material, and lack of depth in riffles, runs and pools due to low flow conditions. Species identified in macroinvertebrate sampling near the mouth indicated no apparent organic pollution (Hazuga).
From: Koperksi, Cindy. 1999. Black River Water Quality Management Plan (draft). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Jack Creek T24N, R2W, S26, Surface Acres = 15.0, Miles 9.5, Gradient = 14.4 feet per mile.
Jack Creek is a clear, hard water stream that flows west to join Cunningham Creek. Northern pike, smallmouth bass, and panfish constitute the fishery. About 87 percent of the watershed area has been cleared for agricultural purposes. There are no public lands adjoining the creek. Access is possible froin nine road crossings.
From: Klick, Thomas A. and C.W. Threinen, 1965. Surface Water Resources of Clark County: Lake and Stream Classification Project. Wisconsin Conservation Department, Madison, WI.
Author Aquatic Biologist
The 2018 assessments of Jack Creek showed impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. However, available biological data did not indicate impairment. Available macroinvertebrate and fish sample data were assessed, but no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the "poor" condition category. Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1748000||Jack Creek||10010234||Jack Creek - Jack Creek Station 2||Map||Data|
|1748000||Jack Creek||10016479||Jack Cr. - 50 Feet Below Bridge - S. Ridge Rd1 Mile Below Spill||6/5/1991||6/5/1991||Map||Data|
|1748000||Jack Creek||10041167||Jack Creek at Miller Ave ||10/1/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1748000||Jack Creek||10010224||Jack Creek at Fairground Ave [Station 1]||6/5/1991||9/8/2015||Map||Data|
|1748000||Jack Creek||10041168||Jack Creek at Pelsdorf Ave||10/1/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1748000||Jack Creek||10016995||Jack Cr. - 30 Feet Above Factory Rd Bridge1/2 Mile Above Spill Site||6/5/1991||6/5/1991||Map||Data|
Jack Creek is located in the O'Neill and Cunningham Creeks watershed which is 161.85 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (39.90%), forest (31.20%) and a mix of grassland (16%) and other uses (12.90%). This watershed has 329.34 stream miles, 86.59 lake acres and 9,581.29 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.