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Cool-Cold Headwater, Reservoir, Cool-Warm Mainstem, Impounded Flowing Water, Cool-Warm Headwater
Fish and Aquatic Life
Fivemile Creek is 18 miles long and a tributary to Wedges Creek. The majority of the stream flows through the Clark County Forest. The headwaters of Fivemile Creek is surrounded by private land. A cranberry grower operates adjacent to the creek. Much of the headwater area contains wetlands. The fishery in this stream is likely forage fish (Talley).
From: Koperksi, Cindy. 1999. Black River Water Quality Management Plan (draft). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Fivemile Creek T24N, R3 W, S35, Surface Acres = 22.9, Miles = 13.5, Gradient = 8.4 feet per mile.
Fivemile Creek is a light brown colored, very soft water stream that flows in a generally southeastwardly direction into Wedges Creek. There are two flowages on this stream. One dam has a 4-foot head and the other a 9.5-ft head. Panfish and forage species constitute the fishery. Of the total watershed area, about 60 percent is comprised of wooded or wild land and 40 percent has been cleared. Waterfowl and furbearers, including beaver, are present. There are 11 miles of public frontage (county forest cropland). Access is possible from eight road crossings.
From: Klick, Thomas A. and C.W. Threinen, 1965. Surface Water Resources of Clark County: Lake and Stream Classification Project. Wisconsin Conservation Department, Madison, WI.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1743800||Fivemile Creek||10011752||Fivemile Creek - Fivemile Creek Fischer Ave. Station 2||Map||Data|
|1743800||Fivemile Creek||10033951||Fivemile Creek at Stuve Rd||8/25/2011||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1743800||Fivemile Creek||10021691||Fivemile Crk At Middle Rd Above Confluence Of Wedges||10/5/2007||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1743800||Fivemile Creek||10017249||Fivemile Creek-Cty Hwy B - 50 Ft Below Bridge||10/12/2004||10/12/2004||Map||Data|
|1743800||Fivemile Creek||10011753||Fivemile Creek - Fivemile Creek Bruce Mound Rd. Station 4||Map||Data|
Fivemile Creek is located in the Fivemile and Wedges Creeks watershed which is 143.17 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (71.70%), wetland (10.70%) and a mix of agricultural (10.70%) and other uses (6.80%). This watershed has 243.78 stream miles, 266.09 lake acres and 10,418.50 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Low for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Fivemile Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Reservoir, Cool-Warm Mainstem, Impounded Flowing Water, Cool-Warm Headwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Warm-Transition) Headwaters are small, sometimes intermittent streams with cool to warm summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are uncommon to absent, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are common to uncommon. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
This classification includes waterbodies created by dams (mill ponds, reservoirs, flowages, and other impoundments) with a residence time of 14 days or more
(under summer (June – Sept) mean low flow conditions with a 1 in 10 year recurrence interval (US EPA 2000)). Many natural lakes also have dams or water level control structures. However, to be included in the Impounded Flowing Waters category, the dam or water level control structure, must account for more than half of a waterbody’s maximum depth. Impoundments with a residence time of less than 14 days should be covered under the rivers and stream assessment methodology process.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.