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Cool-Cold Mainstem, Coldwater
Fish and Aquatic Life
Rathbone Creek, a tributary to Big Creek, has a shifting sand bottom, but overhanging vegetation offers some cover for fish. The Evans Pond State Fishery Area, located in the upper half of this stream, no longer contains ponded water. The dam has deteriorated and now must be abandoned. The streambanks within this fishery area are protected with vegetation (Koperski, Wright).
From: Koperksi, Cindy. 1999. Black River Water Quality Management Plan (draft). Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017336||Rathbone Creek St. 5 Beigel Pond Downstream||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017327||Rathbone Creek St. 1 Dustin Creek Mouth Downstream||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10013042||Rathborne Creek St. 1 - 2005 Parallel Hwy Cty S||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017332||Rathbone Creek St. 4 Evans Pond Upstream||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10009054||Rathbone Creek #1- Hwy 27 Bridge||2/21/2006||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10013043||Rathborne Creek St. 2 -2005 State Land Just Upstream Of Benton Road||7/2/2014||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017333||Rathbone Creek St. 6 Beigel Pond Upstream||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017334||Rathbone Creek St. 1 Cataract Pond Upstream||7/24/2014||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017329||Rathbone Creek St. 2 Catbird Rd. Bridge Crossing Downstream||1/9/2014||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017335||Rathbone Creek St. 4 1000ft Downstream Of Benton Rd.||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10017331||Rathbone Creek St. 3 Evans Pond Downstream||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10052411||Rathbone Creek- 290 meters US of STH 27||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10052413||Rathbone Creek- 100 ft DS of Dam||Map||Data|
|1694000||Rathbone Creek||10009055||Rathbone Creek #2- Benton Rd. Bridge||10/23/2001||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Rathbone Creek is located in the Big and Douglas Creeks watershed which is 210.33 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (58.40%), agricultural (24.20%) and a mix of grassland (8.90%) and other uses (8.50%). This watershed has 375.17 stream miles, 473.57 lake acres and 7,564.97 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Rathbone Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Mainstem, Coldwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.