1.16 - 3.95
Cool-Cold Headwater, Coldwater
Fish and Aquatic Life
The North Branch Douglas Creek flows for approximately four miles before it enters Douglas Creek north of Melrose in Jackson County. From its mouth to a little over a mile upstream the creek is classified as a Class II trout water. The rest of the stream to its headwaters is classified a Class I trout water.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Through the 2014 study, qualitative habitat at lower reaches at West Bolger Road, this site scored 13, which was the second worse habitat score resulting in a poor rating. The stream was heavily pastured with frequent eroding areas and poor bank stability in general. According to survey notes, the banks were somewhat vegetated, but it did not extend far and the stream was littered with concrete and trash. The substrate was primarily sand with small amounts of gravel and clay and some areas had depositional sand as well. There was minimal fish cover and the stream was wide and shallow Both the HBI and MIBI ratings were excellent with no apparent organic pollution.
Author Camille Bruhn
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Habitat Restoration - Instream
The stream was heavily pastured with frequent eroding areas and poor bank stability in general. According to survey notes, the banks were somewhat vegetated, but it did not extend far and the stream was littered with concrete and trash.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1692100||North Branch Douglas Creek||10029758||North Branch Douglas Creek - Larkin Rd.||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
North Branch Douglas Creek is located in the Big and Douglas Creeks watershed which is 210.33 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (58.40%), agricultural (24.20%) and a mix of grassland (8.90%) and other uses (8.50%). This watershed has 375.17 stream miles, 473.57 lake acres and 7,564.97 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Unnamed Creek 30-15 (N Br Shake Hollow Cr) is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Coldwater under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
The North Branch Douglas Creek flows for approximately four miles before it enters Douglas Creek north of Melrose in Jackson County. From its mouth to a little over a mile upstream the creek is classified as a Class II trout water. The rest of the stream to its headwaters is classified a Class I trout water. Only 11 fish were found when the stream was surveyed in the lower reaches at West Bolger Road, all of which were brook trout. A FIBI rating could not be calculated as a result of the low number of fish collected.
Author Camille Bruhn