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Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem
Fish and Aquatic Life
North Branch Copper Creek flows in a westerly direction for 3.8 miles before reaching Copper Creek. It has a gradient of 42 feet per mile is a Class II trout stream. Brown trout, rainbow trout, and forage species were documented in 1965. At the time, the stream bottom consisted primarily of 50% sand with lesser amounts of gravel, cobble and boulder. The stream's bug data, analyzed in 2009, was found to be excellent/good (94', 01', 04'), the intermittent FIBIs fair (01, 05), and the Fish Assemblage Report from 2005 showed over 375 Brown Trout plus Brook Stickleback and Fantail Darter. Access to North Branch Copper Creek is from one road crossing and DNR owned easements
Author Cynthia Koperski
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10039593||North Branch Copper Creek 0.4 mi DS of U. Copper Cr confluence||8/27/2011||11/18/2011||Map||Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10013681||N. Branch Copper Creek Station 3-1965-Ne 1/4 Nw 1/4 S28||Map||Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10009030||North Branch Copper Creek #2- Road X-Ing On Frontier Rd.||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10034912||N Branch Copper Creek - confluence w/ Upper Copper Cr.||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10050705||N Branch Copper CKR-Stony Pt Rd to Copper CRK||8/3/2011||8/3/2011||Map||Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10009029||North Branch Copper Creek #1- Bridge On Stoney Point Rd.||5/12/1994||10/8/2019||Map||Data|
|1635800||North Branch Copper Creek||10013206||North Fork Copper Creek - Start Habitat Work Wirth Property||Map||Data|
North Branch Copper Creek is located in the Rush Creek watershed which is 240.16 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (46.60%), grassland (16.20%) and a mix of agricultural (15%) and other uses (22.10%). This watershed has 551.06 stream miles, 1,906.88 lake acres and 9,793.93 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Copper Creek, North Branch is considered a Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
Reclassified Trout Water, David Vetrano, October 2003, 608 785-9009, "Recent surveys shows that North Branch Copper Creek is a high quality trout stream, having sufficient natural reproduction to sustain populations of wild trout at or near carrying capacity. Consequently, this stream requires no stocking of hatchery raised trout."
Author Aquatic Biologist
More Interactive Maps
Maps of Watershed