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Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem
Fish and Aquatic Life
South Branch Copper Creek flows in a northerly direction for 2.7 miles before reaching Copper Creek. It has a gradient of 46 feet per mile and is a Class I trout stream. A 1965 survey documented a stream bottom consisting of equal amounts of boulder, rubble, sand, and silt. This stream was previously known as Emerson Creek. Access to South Branch Copper Creek is from one road crossing and a DNR owned easement.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||10013241||South Fork Copper Creek St. 1 - Private Small Bridge Below Emerson Road||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||10032326||South Branch Copper Creek at Seneca||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||10010026||South Branch Copper Creek - South Branch Copper Creek Remap 164-B||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||118077||South Branch Copper Creek - South Branch Copper Creek Site #164x||6/24/2003||10/31/2003||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||123024||Copper Creek South Branch - South Br Copper Cr at Emerson Rd||8/9/1944||12/6/1994||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||10009031||South Branch Copper Creek #1-300 M Downstream From Arlin Emerson'S Bridge||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||10013744||S. Branch Copper Creek Station 99-1946-Se 1/4 Nw 1/4 Sec. 32||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||117078||South Branch Copper Creek at Emerson Rd Bridge||10/18/2001||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1635700||South Branch Copper Creek||10010025||South Branch Copper Creek Remap 164-X||Map||Data|
South Branch Copper Creek is located in the Rush Creek watershed which is 240.16 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (46.60%), grassland (16.20%) and a mix of agricultural (15%) and other uses (22.10%). This watershed has 551.06 stream miles, 1,906.88 lake acres and 9,793.93 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.
Emerson Creek is considered a Coldwater, Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.
Reclassified Trout Water, David Vetrano, October 2003, 608 785-9009, "Recent surveys shows that South Branch Copper Creek is a high quality trout stream, having sufficient natural reproduction to sustain populations of wild trout at or near carrying capacity. Consequently, this stream requires no stocking of hatchery raised trout." Biologist confirms that entire length is CLass 1 and look at difference in length between hydrolayer and green book
Author Aquatic Biologist
More Interactive Maps
Maps of Watershed