Fish and Aquatic Life
Kettle Hollow Creek, also known as Creek 2-15, is a 1.7 mile stream that flows west into Cold Springs, a backwater of the Mississippi River popular for its year round fishing. The stream's gradient is a steep 100 feet per mile. Some agricultural activities exist in the extreme upper portion of the five square mile watershed that drains to Kettle Hollow Creek. Much of the stream is shaded by trees as it flows downhill toward the Mississippi River. The lowest portion of Kettle Hollow Creek flows through a floodplain forest before reaching a Mississippi River backwater called Cold Springs. Kettle Hollow Creek is not a classified trout stream.
A diversion structure was installed in 1994 under the HWY 35 bridge to introduce the highly oxygenated water of Kettle Hollow Creek to the south lobe of Cold Springs under the ice of winter when low dissolved oxygen levels negatively affect the fishery. Due to the creek's isolation from brown trout water, brook trout reintroduction to Kettle Hollow Creek may be a possibility. However, a fish and habitat survey should be conducted to assess the likely success of such a management decision. Access to Kettle Hollow Creek is on the lower end from the Upper Mississippi River Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1635200||Unnamed||10013848||Creek 2-15 (Kettle Hollow) Station 1 - Starts Where First Spring Occurs||5/12/1994||5/12/1994||Map||Data|
|724600||Lake Winneshiek||10022865||Mississippi River Pool 9||Map||Data|
|724600||Lake Winneshiek||10017573||Winneshiek Lake - Mississippi River -- Cold Springs Landing||9/16/2006||7/25/2022||Map||Data|
|724600||Lake Winneshiek||10022243||Lake Winneshiek||6/22/2010||9/2/2016||Map||Data|
Unnamed is located in the Rush Creek watershed which is 240.16 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (46.60%), grassland (16.20%) and a mix of agricultural (15%) and other uses (22.10%). This watershed has 551.06 stream miles, 1,906.88 lake acres and 9,793.93 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and Medium for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Medium. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.