Fish and Aquatic Life
Milum Creek is currently supporting a warm water forage fishery, and is listed as an exceptional resource water (ERW). Reside dace, a rare aquatic species, has been found in the stream (Fago, 1982). Monitoring in the last two decades has indicated moderate environmental degradation and a reduction in biotic integrity. It is thought that siltation from cropland erosion seemed to be the primary problem limiting water quality. A 2002 fish and habitat survey showed the stream suffers from effects of nonpoint source pollution, lack of habitat and low flow (Amrhein, pers. comm.).
Author Aquatic Biologist
Mllum Creek -T5N, R8E, Sec. 20, Surface acres = 0.5, Length = 2 mIles, Stream order = I, Gradient = 15.0 ft/mile,
Base discharge = 0.4 cfs.
This small, sprlng-fed tributary to the West Branch of the Sugar River is located in a predominately agricultural watershed. Sampling in autumn 1981 revealed high levels of chloride, suggesting pollution from agricultural runoff. The stream is not managed for trout and the potential of the stream to support a trout fishery is not known. Forage,fishes are present. Access is available at two road crossings. Fish species: redside dace, golden shiner, bluntnose and fathead minnow, creek chub, white sucker, brook stickleback, and Johnny darter.
From: Day, Elizabeth A.; Grzebieniak, Gayle P.; Osterby, Kurt M.; and Brynildson, Clifford L., 1985. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Dane County. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
The 2018 assessments of Milum Creek showed impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing criteria for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. However, no biological data (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) were available to assess biological impairment. Based on the most updated information, this water was proposed for the impaired waters list.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|886300||Milum Creek||10009363||Milum Creek At Fritz Road||5/28/1986||11/14/2002||Map||Data|
|886300||Milum Creek||10013341||Milum Creek at Fritz Road||1/1/2015||10/20/2016||Map||Data|
Milum Creek is located in the West Branch Sugar River - Mt. Vernon Cre watershed which is 66.74 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (39.90%), grassland (33.80%) and a mix of forest (19.70%) and other uses (6.60%). This watershed has 156.64 stream miles, 9.41 lake acres and 1,131.91 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.