Fish and Aquatic Life
This 5-mile creek has been managed as a warm water forage fishery, but naturally reproducing populations of brook trout have been found in the stream (Marshall 1990). It is classified as an ERW and fisheries management is considering reclassifying the stream as a cold water fishery. Non-point source pollution continues to impact the habitat. A Department of Transportation project to rebuild a washed out bridge will result in habitat modification in the lower portion of the stream (Bush pers. comm.) which road? The stream has not been monitored in recent years.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Bush, D.M., R. Cornelius, D. Engle, and C.L. Brynildson. 1980. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Green County, 2nd Edition. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisconsin.
This small stream originates from a spring in Section 9, flows southwest and merges with the Sugar River above Attica. Its watershed is a flat-bottomed agricultural valley bounded by moderately steep wooded slopes. Two- thirds of a mile in the Sugar River bottomland has been ditched, while the upper portions meander through
pasture and experience considerable bank erosion. Existing bank cover is primarily herbaceous, although small trees and shrubs are taking over in the lower sections. The water is generally clear and the bottom is sandy with very few riffles. Instream cover is minimal except for a small stretch of habitat improvement in Section 19.
The fishery consists of forage species and is dominated by white suckers, although a few brook trout have been caught. A small wetland area remains near Highway 92 at the site of a little impoundment which has been washed out. Wildlife is limited to a few muskrats in the lower end of the stream, and public access consists of five road crossings.
Fish Species: Brook trout. stoneroller unspecified. hornyhead chub. common shiner. bluntnose minnow. fathead minnow. blackside dace. creek chub. white sucker. brook stickleback. fantail darter. Johnny darter
Surface Acres = 2.5, Length = 4.1 Miles, Gradient = 17 ft./mi., Base Discharge = 2.7 cu. ft./sec
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Flows southwesterly into the Sugar River. Impounded (less than one acre known as Patterson Pond) just north of highway 92 in section 9. Managed for forage fish. Common white suckers and brown and black bullheads are found near the mouth of the stream. The impoundment has created a small wetland above the highway and several other small wetlands lie adjacent to the stream further downstream.
Surface Acres= 2.5, Miles=4.1, Gradient= 17.1' per mile
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||233224||Gill Creek at Freidig Rd Near Dayton WI||5/28/1986||7/20/2015||Map||Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||10010515||Gill Creek||Map||Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||10010516||Gill Creek||Map||Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||10010518||Gill Creek - 3||Map||Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||10009514||Gill Creek Upstream Of Freidig Rd||Map||Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||233236||Gill Creek at Behnke Rd Near Brooklyn WI||10/2/1987||10/18/2015||Map||Data|
|885200||Gill Creek||10012071||Gill Creek - Behnke Rd. Upstream 258 M To Sandy Hook Rd.||9/16/1999||10/8/2001||Map||Data|
Gill Creek is located in the Allen Creek and Middle Sugar River watershed which is 154.01 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (61.50%), grassland (17.30%) and a mix of forest (9.30%) and other uses (11.80%). This watershed has 263.25 stream miles, 96.10 lake acres and 5,963.23 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked High Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.