Fish and Aquatic Life
Flint Creek is a spring fed tributary to Otter Creek. It is a Class II trout stream. The stream has limited flow. Streambank pasturing, cropland erosion and development pressures affect the stream and it has been ranked as a high priority for nonpoint source pollution abatement. There is a dry dam constructed on Flint Creek for flood control. There is no public access available to Flint Creek. A road culvert limits fish migration on a tributary to Flint Creek. There is a group of citizen monitors on this creek. To see the data that these monitors have collected, please visit their website at http://members.tripod.com/nohrchapter/monitor_home.htm.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Flint Creek (Flint-Pengilly) - Mouth location T7N R2E Section 33 -14. Surface area = 9.3 acres. Length = 6.5 miles, Gradient = 27.6 feet per mile. Total alkalinity = 223.0 mg/l. Volume of flow = 6.2 cfs.
The chief water source of Flint Creek is springs, most of which enter both directly and from its tributaries. It has a comparatively stable watershed in comparison with most streams in the county of its size. Nevertheless, flooding is common place during periods of heavy runoff and bank erosion is a recurring problem. It is a principal tributary of
Otter Creek which flows northerly into the Wisconsin River. The Harker-Lee Creek is its principal tributary and contributes about two-thirds of its base flow.
Its principal sport fishery consists of brown trout. Water quality is questionable in warm weather, and fish kills have been known to occur. Brown trout are stocked annually to maintain the trout fishery. Other fishes known to inhabit this streams are rainbow trout, white suckers, common and bigmouth shiners, redbelly dace; creek and hornyhead chubs; bluntnose and stoneroller minnows; fantail and johnny darters, and stonecats. Brook lamprey are also present. Although forage fishes are not important to the sport fishery, they do provide a ready source of bait for a local bait dealer. Aquatic game assets are limited to the well-drained condition of the watershed but musY.rats and wading birds such as the great blue heron
and green heron are present.
There are no public lands but acquisition has been recommended for the future. It is accessible from six road crossings.
From: Piening, Ronald and Threinen, C.W., 1968. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Iowa County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Flint Creek (Mouth to Wilson Rd.) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10038072||Flint Creek at Otter Creek Confluence||Map||Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10039687||Flint Creek 200 ft SD Harker Creek confluence||7/22/2001||9/30/2003||Map||Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10050928||Flint Creek - NRSA Site||7/24/2018||7/24/2018||Map||Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10043658||Flint Creek HwyM/HwyQ||8/6/2014||8/6/2014||Map||Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10030076||Flint Creek at Esch Rd.||6/2/2009||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10038074||Flint Creek downstream of CTY Q 2012 Habitat Improvement||Map||Data|
|1238300||Flint Creek||10038075||Flint Creek at Wilson Rd||Map||Data|
Flint Creek is located in the Otter and Morrey Creeks watershed which is 198.69 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (53.60%), grassland (24.60%) and a mix of agricultural (14.10%) and other uses (7.70%). This watershed has 437.57 stream miles, 351.55 lake acres and 5,785.74 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Low for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.