Fish and Aquatic Life
Billings Creek begins in south central Monroe County and then flows into north central Vernon County. This stream flows in a southwesterly direction for 11.3 miles before reaching the Kickapoo River south of Ontario. Billings Creek has a gradient of 35 feet per mile and drains forested hillsides with agricultural activities in both valleys and ridgetops. Billings Creek is a Class II trout stream for its entire length.
The most recent survey, conducted in 2000, documented brown, rainbow and brook trout as well as numerous forage fish species. The stream bottom was dominated by sand and gravel and in-stream cover consisted of LUNKER structures, overhanging grasses, natural undercut banks, woody debris and boulders. Billings Creek should be resurveyed after conclusion of the Middle Kickapoo River Priority Watershed Project in 2004. WDNR records indicate Billings Creek has been stocked yearly with brown trout since 1960. Rainbow trout were last stocked in 1995. Access to Billings Creek is from nine road crossings, and Wildcat Mountain State Park and the Kickapoo Valley Reserve.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Billings Creek, T14N, R2W, Section 23. Surface Acres = 18.2, Miles = 7.0, Gradient = 19.6 feet per
Heading in Monroe County, this stream flows in a general southwesterly direction and joins the Kickapoo River south of Ontario. The stream has clear. hard water. It is managed as a Class II brook and brown trout stream in Vernon County. White suckers are abundant. and other forage species include creek chub and redhorse. During the winter aerial groundwater survey. all except the upper mile of the stream in the county had open water. Rubble dominates the bottom types. but there is some silt.
From: Klick, Thomas A. and Threinen, C.W. 1973. Lake and Stream Classification Project. Surface Water Resources of Vernon County, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Billings Creek (WBIC 1196900) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (macroinvertebrate and fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available.
Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2016 . See also 'monitoring' and 'projects'.
ATTAINS Follow-up monitoring conducted
Long-term trend wadeable reference streams. Long-term variation in biological indices over time at reference sites to understand natural variation and broad scale impacts of climatic extreme events on biologic communities.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10009007||Billings Creek Station #3 Brg. On Cth F||10/29/2009||9/12/2017||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10051131||Billings Creek SE of Hwy 131 and Hay Valley Rd (Ho-Chunk Nation)||5/28/2018||6/30/2018||Map||Data|
|1198100||Unnamed||10020767||Creek 27-13 St. 12 Confluence||Map||Data|
|1197000||Cheyenne Valley Creek||10032369||Cheyanne Valley Creek - Confluence off of Billings Creek||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||633068||Billings Creek - Sth 33||5/14/1980||10/19/2000||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10009010||Billings Creek Station Trout Rd and Cth Z||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10009011||Billings Creek Station #5 Cth Z Brg.||7/30/2013||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10016386||Billings Creek - Approx. 50 Yds. Above Cth Z Bridge1/4 Mile South Of Junction With Cth Zz||4/20/1990||4/20/1990||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10009013||Billings Creek Station #6 Approx. 100' D/S From Rd Xing||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10014651||Billings Creek - Horse Trail Crossing at Cth F||10/17/2006||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10008999||Billings Creek Station #1 Brg. On Cth F Lower Crossing||12/10/1998||10/19/2016||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10009005||Billings Crk Station 2 Horse Trail Bridge||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10021987||Billings Crk Osage Ave||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10022510||Billings Creek - Confluence Of Cr. 27-13||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10016398||Billings Creek - 100 Yds Above Cth Z - Just Abovesnowmobile Bridge.||4/21/1994||4/21/1994||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10013971||Billings Creek Station 14-1969-Se 1/4 Sw 1/4 S23-Starts At Orlando Ave. Bridge Crossing.||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10013972||Billings Creek Station 5-1990-Ne 1/4 Se 1/4 S33-Starts 1000' Downstream Of Cth Z Bridge Crossing.||Map||Data|
|1197800||Winchell Valley Creek||10020857||Creek 34-10 St. 9 Mouth Upstream||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10032308||Billings Creek - Monroe/Vernon County Line along CTH Z||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10015727||Billings Creek - First Bridge West Of Hwy. 33 Oncth-F||12/10/1998||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10009016||Billings Creek Station #7 150' D/S Of Fenceline On Martalok Prop.||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10013969||Billings Creek Station 33-1946-Se 1/4 Sw 1/4 S27||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||633051||Billings Creek - Ne1/4 Of Sw1/4 Sec13||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10013970||Billings Creek Station 13-1969-Ne 1/4 Se 1/4 S27-Starts At Osage Ave. Bridge Crossing.||Map||Data|
|1196900||Billings Creek||10032369||Cheyanne Valley Creek - Confluence off of Billings Creek||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
Billings Creek is located in the Middle Kickapoo River watershed which is 246.53 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (55.20%), grassland (24.30%) and a mix of agricultural (15.30%) and other uses (5.20%). This watershed has 585.18 stream miles, 145.14 lake acres and 3,360.69 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Available for runoff impacts on streams, Not Available for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.