0 - 8.29
Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem
Fish and Aquatic Life
Citron Creek, located in central Crawford County, flows in a southeasterly direction for 4.6 miles before reaching the Kickapoo River near Steuben. This stream has a gradient of 42 feet per mile and drains wooded hillsides and agricultural valleys. Many large springs enter Citron Creek at several places. Citron Creek is a Class III trout stream for its entire length. The most recent biological survey, conducted in 1982, documented few brown trout and numerous forage fish species. In-stream cover for fish was limited to few undercut banks, rocks and woody debris. A fish and habitat survey should be conducted on Citron Creek to document existing conditions. Citron Creek would benefit from the purchase of streambank easements from willing sellers and the restoration of in-stream habitat. Citron Creek was stocked with brown trout between 1960 to 1996 and exclusively brook trout since 1998. Access to Citron Creek is from two road crossings.
From: Ripp, Coreen, Koperski, Cindy and Folstad, Jason. 2002. The State of the Lower Wisconsin River Basin. PUBL WT-559-2002. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI.
Author Cynthia Koperski
Citron Creek was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (macroinvertebrate Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10013619||Citron Creek Station 1-Started At Kickapoo River. Stopped At Cth E Bridge||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10013620||Citron Creek Station 3-Started At Se 1/4 Nw 1/4 Sec. 6. Stopped At Se 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 36||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10013622||Citron Creek Station 1-Starts 300 Ft. Downstream Of Cth E Bridge||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10043657||North of Citron Creek by Hwy E Bridge||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10013633||Citron Creek Station 2-Se 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 30||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10032313||Citron Creek - crossing 1/4 mile upstream of house||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10009025||Citron Creek #1-Bridge On Cty. E||10/18/2001||10/20/2016||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10032389||Citron Creek - Russ Road||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10013621||Citron Creek Station 4-Started At Se 1/4 Se 1/4 Sec. 36. Stopped At Se 1/4 Ne 1/4 Sec. 36||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10009027||Citron Creek #2-Bridge On Cty. Rd. E||10/4/2010||8/2/2016||Map||Data|
|1183200||Citron Creek||10037567||Citron Creek off of bridge of Crowley Park and CO E||5/24/2012||8/16/2012||Map||Data|
Citron Creek is located in the Lower Kickapoo River watershed which is 150.21 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (52.80%), grassland (21.20%) and a mix of agricultural (19.60%) and other uses (6.30%). This watershed has 383.20 stream miles, 387.48 lake acres and 3,662.70 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.This water is ranked Medium Stream for individual Rivers based on runoff problems and the likelihood of success from project implementation.
Citron Creek is considered a Cool-Cold Headwater, Cool-Cold Mainstem under the state's Natural Community Determinations.
Natural communities (stream and lake natural communities) represent model resultsand DNR staff valiation processes that confirm or update predicted conditions based on flow and temperature modeling from historic and current landscape features and related variables. Predicated flow and temperatures for waters are associated predicated fish assemblages (communities). Biologists evaluate the model results against current survey data to determine if the modeled results are corect and whether biological indicators show water quaity degradation. This analysis is a core component of the state's resource management framework. Wisconsin's Riverine Natural Communities.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Mainstem streams are moderate-to-large but still wadeable perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon, transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are common to absent,
mainstem species are abundant to common, and river species are common to absent.
Cool (Cold-Transition) Headwaters are small, usually perennial streams with cold to cool summer temperatures. Coldwater fishes are common to uncommon (<10 per 100 m), transitional fishes are abundant to common, and warm water fishes are uncommon to absent. Headwater species are abundant to common, mainstem species are common to absent, and river species are absent.