Fish and Aquatic Life
Minocqua Lake, in the Upper Tomahawk River Watershed, is a 1,339.43 acre lake that falls in Oneida County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1966, Surface Water Resources of Oneida County Minocqua Lake, T39N, R6E, Section 13 Surface Acres = 1,285, S.D.F. = 3.68, Maximum Depth = 60 feet.
A soft water drainage lake having slightly acid, light brown water of moderate transparency. Sand is the predominant littoral material (65 percent) with muck (16 percent), gravel (15 percent) and some rubble present. Shoreline is mostly upland with marsh and bog wetland adjoining approximately 16 percent of the lake basin. Submergent vegetation is moderate in density in the shoal areas. Muskellunge, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, perch, bluegill, crappie, rock bass, pumpkinseed, bullhead, cisco, dogfish and sucker inhabit this lake. Aquatic vegetation and algae are problems in parts of this lake basin. Public access with parking is available. Fifteen resorts, one boat rental, four marinas, one organizational camp, 271 dwellings and the Village of Minocqua are located on the shores of this lake. A public beach and park area is also available. Mallard, black duck, wood duck and hooded merganser use this lake as a nesting site. Puddle ducks and diving ducks use this lake on their spring and fall migrations. Canada geese have used this lake on their fall migration. Water levels are maintained by a water control structure with 4 foot head on the outlet of Kawaguesaga Lake. Part of the Minocqua Chain of Lakes.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Minocqua Lake (WBIC 1542400) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus in 2014. The 2018 assessments showed continued impairment by phosphorus; new total phosphorus sample data exceeded the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Chlorophyll-a sample data did not exceed the REC or FAL use thresholds. Based on the most updated information, no change in existing impaired waters listing was needed.
Author Ashley Beranek
Minocqua Lake (1542400) was placed on the impaired waters list for total phosphorus in 2014. This water was assessed during the 2016 listing cycle; chlorophyll sample data were clearly below 2016 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Recreation use and Fish and Aquatic Life use. Total phosphorus data did not exceed REC or FAL thresholds. This water remains listed for total phosphorus because data were not clearly below listing thresholds.
Author Aaron Larson
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Nine Key Element Plan
Minoqua-Woodruff Lakes PWS Plan - Nine Key Element Plan - The Minoqua-Woodruff Lakes Priority Watershed Project plan assesses the nonpoint sources of pollution in the Minoqua-Woodruff Lakes Watershed and guides the implementation of nonpoint source control measures. These control measures are needed to meet specific water resource objectives for the Minoqua-Woodruff Lakes Priority Watershed Project area. The purpose of this project is to reduce the amount of pollutants originating from nonpoint sources that reach surface water and groundwater within the Minoqua-Woodruff Lakes Priority Watershed Project area.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443134||Minocqua Lake - Center Basin||8/15/1973||9/11/2019||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10018774||Minocqua Lake -- Access Off Park St And Menominee St||10/7/2003||10/9/2019||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10022409||Minocqua Well No.6||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10039093||Minoqua Lake - USGS Deep Hole||5/8/2003||5/8/2003||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10052553||Minocqua Lake - Herbicide Site - Schoolhouse2||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443181||Stormsewer Minocqua Lk Milw St||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443186||Minocqua Lake - Front St Outfl Minocqua Lake||5/31/1991||6/14/1991||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10022403||Minocqua Storm Sewer - Outfall 6||4/25/2006||6/18/2007||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443179||Stormsewer Minocqua Lk Bosacki||5/31/1991||5/31/1991||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443197||Minocqua Lake - 2nd Stormwater Outfl N Of Hwy 51||7/21/1992||7/21/1992||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||444014||Minocqua Lake - Minocqua Lake||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10018667||Minocqua Lake -- Access at Cedar St||7/25/2008||7/3/2011||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10052555||Minocqua Lake - Herbicide Site - Schoolhouse3||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443173||Minocqua Lake - NW Basin||2/27/1991||8/15/2016||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443180||Stormsewer Minocqua Arbor Vitae||5/31/1991||5/31/1991||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443185||Minocqua Lake - Stormwater Outfl 2nd N Hwy 51||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443226||Minocqua Lake - Deep Hole||8/17/2010||5/9/2019||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10042178||Lake Minocqua - Thirsty Whale Landing||5/23/2014||8/17/2019||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10052554||Minocqua Lake - Herbicide Site - Schoolhouse1||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10022408||Minocqua Well No.5||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10018640||Minocqua Lake -- Boat Ramp - Park St||6/30/2007||9/10/2017||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10012243||Minocqua Lake - Minocqua Nw Bay Auxiliary Site ||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10021427||Lake Minocqua -- Stack's Bay Landing ||2/16/1994||10/9/2019||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443174||Minocqua Lake - SW Sub-Basin||2/27/1991||8/29/1991||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443416||Lake Minocqua - Outfall Lakeshore Dr||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10022397||Minocqua Storm Sewer - Outfall 1||5/24/2007||10/16/2007||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10052556||Minocqua Lake - Herbicide Site - Schoolhouse4||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443182||Stormsewer Minocqua Lk Menomine||5/24/1995||10/14/1996||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||443530||Minocqua Lake - Nw Basin- By Boat Landing||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10004252||Minocqua Lake - T39 R6E S13||8/17/1988||9/30/2017||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10052714||East shore of East Island Minocqua Lake||Map||Data|
|1542400||Minocqua Lake||10022406||Minocqua Well No.3||Map||Data|
Minocqua Lake is located in the Upper Tomahawk River watershed which is 186.83 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (67%), wetland (16%) and a mix of open (14%) and other uses (3.10%). This watershed has 139.00 stream miles, 17,609.90 lake acres and 20,470.21 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.