Fish and Aquatic Life
Smith Lake, in the East and West Branches Milwaukee River Watershed, is a 85.15 acre lake that falls in Washington County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1963, Surface Water Resources of Washington County Little Drickens Lake - T12N, R19E, Sec. 26, Surface Acres = 9, S.D.F. = 1.43, Maximum Depth = 20 feet.
A small, marsh-fringed kettle basin in the terminal moraine of the Lake Michigan glacier. The pond is spring and seepage fed and drains to Smith Lake through about 120 acres of sedge marsh and tamarack. The basic fishery is largemouth bass, panfish; no doubt this small, deep pond has the ability to withstand winterkill, and is able to "reseed" Smith Lake which frequently winterkills. The shores are developed at present; however, land adjoining the south side is being subdivided and spoilage from a beach dredging project on Smith Lake ha been deposited on some of the adjoining marshlands. Hunting is permit and the general area, including Smith Lake, the Milwaukee River, and nearby wetlands was, in the past, considered of prime importance in both production and migration of waterfowl.
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Phase 3 of Lake Classification Project. Public Hearing and Ordinance revision adoption for the lakes in Washington County. Dissemination of proposed ordinance changes to the other local units of government. Enforcement of revised zoning provisions related to shorelands, wetlands, and floodlands through current channels. Information to public of changes in Washington County codes by meetings, publicity, pamphlets, and brochures.
Through this project Washington County will develop a waterbody classification system; review and revise shoreland-wetland and floodplain ordinances; and refine the ordinance provisions governing shorelands, wetlands and floodlands, incorporating the waterbody classification into them.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|36700||Smith Lake||673221||Smith Lake - Deep Hole||8/29/1985||2/13/1986||Map||Data|
|36700||Smith Lake||10017620||Smith Lake -- Access||4/21/2011||11/5/2021||Map||Data|
|36700||Smith Lake||10007150||Smith Lake||7/27/1999||8/18/2020||Map||Data|
|36700||Smith Lake||10033724||Smith Lake - Carry-In Access at Kettle Moraine Drive||4/11/2011||4/11/2011||Map||Data|
Smith Lake is located in the East and West Branches Milwaukee River watershed which is 266.00 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (35.50%), wetland (19.20%) and a mix of forest (17.90%) and other uses (27.40%). This watershed has 312.44 stream miles, 2,023.13 lake acres and 32,107.47 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.