Fish and Aquatic Life
Sugar Creek is a shallow, rubble and gravel stream that drains to Green Bay. The upper reaches of Sugar Creek flow intermittently and are rather marshy, whereas the lower reaches flow continuously and have more stable rubble substrate (Gansberg, 1994). The entire 9-mile stream is classified as a warm water forage fishery. A county park encompasses the mouth of the stream and provides picnicking and launch facilities on the bay.
Author Michael Toneys
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||153152||Sugar Creek - Sugar Cr Co Park||11/2/1992||5/19/2003||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||153245||Sugar Creek at Gardner Road||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||153239||Sugar Creek at Gardner Road||10/16/2003||10/16/2003||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||10051278||Sugar Creek - County Park Bridge||Map||Data|
|20||Lake Michigan||10019691||Green Bay -- Sugar Creek Access||6/14/2011||5/30/2019||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||10016742||Sugar Creek - Sugar Creek County Park - 150 Feetupstream From Creek Mouth||9/24/1992||10/27/2020||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||10016847||Sugar Creek - Lovers Lane Bridge||9/24/1992||4/13/1993||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||10010184||Sugar Creek - Suger Creek at Gardner Rd||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||10051279||Sugar Creek - US County DK||9/26/2018||9/26/2018||Map||Data|
|100500||Sugar Creek||10033989||Sugar Creek- US Cth N||7/25/2011||9/20/2018||Map||Data|
Sugar Creek is located in the Red River and Sturgeon Bay watershed which is 139.16 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (38.70%), wetland (20.90%) and a mix of grassland (18.20%) and other uses (22.30%). This watershed has 149.91 stream miles, 20,800.31 lake acres and 16,378.27 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Medium for runoff impacts on streams, Not Ranked for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.