Fond Du Lac, Sheboygan
Fish and Aquatic Life
Watercress Creek, in the East and West Branches Milwaukee River Watershed, is a 5.00 mile river that falls in Sheboygan County. This river is a Class II Trout Water under the Fisheries Program. This river is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Watercress Creek (miles 1.13-5) was assessed during the 2018 listing cycle; new biological (macroinvertebrate and fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scores) sample data were clearly below the 2018 WisCALM listing thresholds for the Fish and Aquatic Life use. This water was meeting this designated use and was not considered impaired.
Author Ashley Beranek
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||10044512||WATERCRESS CREEK EAST OF THE KETTLE MORAINE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION||1/1/2015||1/1/2015||Map||Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||10016057||E. Branch Milw. R. - Watercress Road Upstream Of Hwy 67||4/4/1985||11/6/1985||Map||Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||203119||Watercress Creek at Mouth||Map||Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||603456||Watercress Creek at Sth 67||Map||Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||603279||Watercress Creek at Watercress Rd||5/15/1980||4/11/1995||Map||Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||603457||Watercress Creek at Sth 67||6/12/2003||10/30/2014||Map||Data|
|39000||Watercress Creek||10008873||Watercress Creek - Upstream of Watercress Road||8/25/2008||9/3/2021||Map||Data|
Watercress Creek is located in the East and West Branches Milwaukee River watershed which is 266.00 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural (35.50%), wetland (19.20%) and a mix of forest (17.90%) and other uses (27.40%). This watershed has 312.44 stream miles, 2,023.13 lake acres and 32,107.47 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked High for runoff impacts on streams, High for runoff impacts on lakes and High for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of High. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.