Wolf Creek TWA WQM Plan (2017)


The Wolf Creek watershed is a 15.71 square mile, HUC-12 sub-watershed that lies in the Wausaukee and Lower Menomonee River watershed in Marinette County. Soils and topography in the Wolf Creek sub-watershed are unique in that the entire area is fairly isolated with glacial deposits forming distinctive breaks in the upper watershed surrounding the lakes and then dropping into poorly drained organic soils immediately adjacent to the lakes and streams. Wetlands are extensive throughout the watershed along the stream and lake corridors with minimal fragmentation.


Wolf Creek was selected for evaluation monitoring in 2014. Based on current surveys, it would appear water quality of the streams in the Wolf Creek watershed, are in overall good to excellent condition. Current land use practices in the region do not appear to be causing adverse impacts to water quality conditions. Total Phosphorous concentrations at the pour point would suggest that nutrients are in balance and excess phosphorous is not a problem.

Study Design

Water quality monitoring was conducted at 6 wadeable sites throughout the watershed in the spring, summer, and fall of 2014. During each field visit, basic water quality parameters including air temperature, water temperature, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, dissolved oxygen percent, pH, flow, and water clarity were collected. Total Phosphorous samples were collected by a citizen volunteer once per month throughout the growing season from May-October. A continuous temperature HOBO was installed at this site and collected continuous water temperature reading between May-October.

QA Measures

Run Project Summary Report

Targeted Watershed Approach
Evaluation (TP SSC, Stressor, Bioassess)
Reports and Documents
Wolf Creek TWA WQ Plan 2017 Draft Final Report GB13
Wolf Creek TWA WQM Plan Public Review 2017 [GB13] Presentation
Wolf Creek TWA 2014 Project (613900) Wolf River photo by Andrew Hudak
This Targeted Watershed Assessment (TWA) will address needs for baseline water quality monitoring of the Wolf Creek Watershed. In 2014, Water Action Volunteers stream monitors were asked to assist in the monitoring process by collecting water samples. The TWA will hopefully provide enough information in order to evaluate the watershed for total phosphorus levels, update water body assessment status (i.e. future monitoring for 303(d)), make management recommendations, and update water body and watershed narratives in WATERS.
Wolf Creek-2 (613900) photo by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek 4 - small
Wolf Creek photo 4 (613900) by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek TWA 2014 (613900) Fish photo by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek TWA 2014 (613900) Fish2 photo by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek TWA 2014 (613900) Fish3 photo by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek-1 (613900)photo by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek-3 (613900) photo by Andrew Hudak
Wolf Creek Headwaters (613900) photo by Andrew Hudak
Activities & Recommendations
Monitor Targeted Watershed Area (TWA)
Wolf Creek TWA [HUC12] 2014
Protect Riparian or Shorelands
Protection of riparian corridors and streams and the landscape of streams and lakes is a highpriority.
Best Management Practices, Implement
Land managers should follow and promote the use of forestry best management practices to protect water quality.
Protect Riparian or Shorelands
Land divisions and new development in the riparian areas of lakes and streams should be conducted only after careful consideration of how to reduce impacts such as short and long-term erosion.
Protect Riparian or Shorelands
Proper site placement and planning to protect shoreline cutting and clearing for home development is needed.
Monitor and/or Protect Groundwater, Sourcewater
Site selection for new septic systems should be conducted with care on suitable sites where poor filtration or high groundwater tables are not present.