Impaired Water - Unnamed (Perennial Stream A (Spp1))
Walworth County, Wisconsin
FX05
753100
0.00 - 3.25
3.25
Water is impaired due to one or more pollutants and associated quality impacts.
Notes
On 303d list, TMDL has been approved.
Perennial Stream A (SPP1) is located in the Spring Prairie subwatershed and is 2.9
miles long with a drainage area of 5.13 square miles. The stream is listed as imparied
for its entire length for habitat degradation and turbidity. A 1995 biological
assessment classified this as a Cold Water communities stream based on low-flow
water temperature assessment (12.6 degrees C). Its official existing use is a Limited
Forage Fishery community stream. The headwaters of this stream have been almost
entirely eliminated through the use of drain tiles. The stream then flows through a
spring fed, natural lowland forest/wetland section before entering a channelized
region. It ultimately flows through a well-buffered wetland area before entering
Honey Creek.
Listing Details
Pollutant
Sediment/Total Suspended Solids
Listed For
Fish and Aquatic Life
Impairments
Elevated Water Temperature
Current Use
LFF - Limited Forage Fishery
Listing Status
TMDL Approved
Attainable Use
WWFF - Warmwater Forage Fishery
Priority
Not Applicable
Designated Use
WWFF - Warmwater Forage Fishery
303(d) ID
339
Listing Date
4/1/1998
Impaired Water Notes
Approved March 13, 2002. These sediment TMDLs are for impaired streams in the Sugar Creek and Honey Creek Watershed, a 167 square mile area located in Walworth and Racine Counties in southeast Wisconsin, within the Fox River Basin. The following six streams were listed on the 1998 303(d) list as a medium priority and are impaired due to nonpoint sources:
**1** Perennial Stream A (SPP1);
**1** Perennial Stream B (TM2);
**1** Perennial Stream D (B4);
**1** Perennial Stream E (B5);
**1** North Branch Spring Brook (SB1); and
**1** Spring Creek.
A seventh impaired stream located in the Sugar Creek and Honey Creek Watershed, Perennial Stream TA4, is point source dominated and is not included in this set of TMDLs. Figure 1 shows the locations and the contributing drainage areas (subbasins) for each of the impaired segments. Chapter 2 of the Nonpoint Source Control Plan for the Sugar/Honey Creek Priority Watershed Project contains a description of the geology, soils, topography, etc. of the watershed. The existing use of all six streams, is LFF, Limited Forage Fishery, although biological surveys conducted in 1995 may have categorized some stream segments differently. All of the stream segments have limited capacity due to low flow, naturally poor water quality or poor habitat. These surface waters are capable of supporting only a limited community of tolerant forage fish and aquatic life. One stream segment has the potential to be a cold water fishery, capable of supporting a community of cold water fish species. The other five segments have the potential to be warm water sport fisheries, capable of supporting an abundant diverse community of forage fish and other aquatic life. They are all listed as medium priority waters on the 303(d) list.
Date
3/20/2011

Impaired Water Notes
Perennial Stream A (SPP1) is located in the Spring Prairie subwatershed and is 2.9
miles long with a drainage area of 5.13 square miles. The stream is listed as imparied
for its entire length for habitat degradation and turbidity. A 1995 biological
assessment classified this as a Cold Water communities stream based on low-flow
water temperature assessment (12.6 degrees C). Its official existing use is a Limited
Forage Fishery community stream. The headwaters of this stream have been almost
entirely eliminated through the use of drain tiles. The stream then flows through a
spring fed, natural lowland forest/wetland section before entering a channelized
region. It ultimately flows through a well-buffered wetland area before entering
Honey Creek.
Excessive sedimentation, 0.5 to 2.0 feet of soft sediment, has been measured in the
channel upstream of its confluence with Honey Creek. The habitat rating changes
from “good” in the upstream reach to “fair” upstream of the confluence with Honey
Creek. (For more information see description in appraisal report under section on
Spring Prairie Subwatershed.)
The sources of the problem are from agricultural uses. The factors causing water
quality degradation in this stream segment are cropland erosion, historical
channelization and pasturing, drain tiles and bank debrushing (loss of shade). Stream temperatures have also increased due to surface runoff. Stream temperatures were
observed to be 18.2 degrees C in July 1995.
Recommendations in the watershed plan are to reduce suspended solids, protect the
springs and surrounding wetlands, discourage future wetland drainage activities,
maintain a buffer strip, discourage future bank debrushing and provide shading, and
discourage future dredging and wetland drainage activities. Its potential use is a cold
water fishery. The codified use is a warm water sport fishery.
Date
3/21/2011

Impaired Water Notes
Perennial Stream A (SPP1) is located in the Spring Prairie subwatershed and is 2.9 miles long with a drainage area of 5.13 square miles. The stream is listed as imparied for its entire length for habitat degradation and turbidity. A 1995 biological assessment classified this as a Cold Water communities stream based on low-flow water temperature assessment (12.6 degrees C). Its official existing use is a Limited Forage Fishery community stream. The headwaters of this stream have been almost entirely eliminated through the use of drain tiles. The stream then flows through a spring fed, natural lowland forest/wetland section before entering a channelized region. It ultimately flows through a well-buffered wetland area before entering Honey Creek.

Excessive sedimentation, 0.5 to 2.0 feet of soft sediment, has been measured in the channel upstream of its confluence with Honey Creek. The habitat rating changes from “good” in the upstream reach to “fair” upstream of the confluence with Honey Creek. (For more information see description in appraisal report under section on Spring Prairie Subwatershed.)

The sources of the problem are from agricultural uses. The factors causing water quality degradation in this stream segment are cropland erosion, historical channelization and pasturing, drain tiles and bank debrushing (loss of shade). Stream temperatures have also increased due to surface runoff. Stream temperatures were observed to be 18.2 degrees C in July 1995.

Recommendations in the watershed plan are to reduce suspended solids, protect the springs and surrounding wetlands, discourage future wetland drainage activities, maintain a buffer strip, discourage future bank debrushing and provide shading, and discourage future dredging and wetland drainage activities. Its potential use is a cold water fishery. The codified use is a warm water sport fishery.
Date
12/30/2002