Impaired Water - Baird Creek (Baird Creek)
Brown County, Wisconsin
LF01
118100
3.50 - 13.10
9.60
Water is impaired due to one or more pollutants and associated quality impacts.
Notes
This stream was originally listed in 2006 due to elevated levels of total phosphorus and sediment/TSS. This water was assessed during the 2012 listing cycle, and total phosphorus sample data exceed 2012 WisCALM listing criteria for the fish and aquatic life use; however, available biological data do not indicate impairment (i.e. no macroinvertebrate or fish Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI) scored in the poor condition category). Baird Creek is part of the Lower Fox River TP & TSS TMDL that was approved by the EPA in 2012.
Listing Details
Pollutant
Sediment/Total Suspended Solids
Listed For
Fish and Aquatic Life
Impairments
Degraded Habitat
Current Use
WWFF - Warmwater Forage Fishery
Listing Status
TMDL Approved
Attainable Use
WWSF - Warmwater Sport Fishery
Priority
Not Applicable
Designated Use
WWSF - Warmwater Sport Fishery
303(d) ID
2008-1
Listing Date
4/1/2008
Impaired Water Notes
recommended for 303d but was not listed in 2006, recommended and listed in 2008. Part of LFR TMDL to be Developed by 2009.
Date
9/11/2009

Impaired Water Notes
Habitat Study Section - The habitat evaluation section began 43.5m upstream of the Woodside Rd. bridge crossing and extended 108.8m upstream. The bottom was composed primarily of rubble and gravel with minor amounts of sand and silt. The section had 8 riffles totaling 41.5 m, 10 runs for 53.45m and 3 pools totaling 14m. The riparian land use within 5m of the stream was primarily shrubs, however the overall land use in this area is developed/agriculture. The minimum stream depth was 0.02 m and the maximum depth was 0.315m . The stream width ranged from 2.4m to 4.1m with a calculated mean stream width of 3.1m. The habitat rating score for this section was 52 indicating good habitat.

Discharge - Table 1 shows a calculated stream discharge at Northview Rd ranging from 35.7 on April 11, 2001 to no discharge on nine occasions. There was ice cover recorded 4 times preventing the recording of the stage. Average discharge over the study period was 9.28 cfs. In April of 2002, a section of the Northview bridge used as a reference point to measure stage collapsed into Baird Creek. A new reference point was established at the top of the middle culvert. This required additional flow measurements and development of a new discharge rating curve, adding variability to the discharge calculations. Discharge at this site was intermittent during the summer and fall of 2001 and 2002.

Excerpt from “BAIRD CREEK WATERSHED MANAGEMENT STUDY”, J. Reyburn WDNR Green Bay
Date
8/20/2007

 
Pollutant
Total Phosphorus
Listed For
Fish and Aquatic Life
Impairments
Low DO
Current Use
WWFF - Warmwater Forage Fishery
Listing Status
TMDL Approved
Attainable Use
WWSF - Warmwater Sport Fishery
Priority
Not Applicable
Designated Use
WWSF - Warmwater Sport Fishery
303(d) ID
2008-6
Listing Date
4/1/2008
Impaired Water Notes
recommended for 303d but was not listed in 2006, recommended and listed in 2008. Part of LFR TMDL to be Developed by 2009.
Date
9/11/2009

Impaired Water Notes
Water Chemistry and field measurements were not taken during periods of no flow. Dissolved oxygen levels were recorded below the standard of 5.0 ppm four times out of the twenty-eight times sampled. Coliform bacteria exceeded 400 counts six times and ranged from 10 counts/100ml to 71000 counts/ 100ml on June 4, 2002. Total phosphorous concentrations ranged from 0.10 mg/l on January 30, 2002 to 0.74 mg/l on August 23, 2001. The average total phosphorous value at this site for the study period was 0.42 mg/l. These values are considered very high compared to the statewide surface water phosphorous average of 0.065. Continuos water temperatures were not recorded at this site due to the intermittent flow. The suspended solids ranged from no detect on four occasions to a high of 182 mg/l on August 23, 2001. The average suspended solid concentration was 13.5 mg/l.. The discharge permit value of 45 mg/l was exceeded only once out of the 19 times sampled.

Excerpt from “BAIRD CREEK WATERSHED MANAGEMENT STUDY”, J. Reyburn WDNR Green Bay
Date
8/20/2007

Impaired Water Notes
Based on the total phosphorus criteria excursions and the corroborating biological assessment, “degraded biological community” impairment was added to the impaired water listing in 2012.
Date
7/26/2011

Impaired Water Notes
The Lower Fox River Basin TP and TSS TMDL was approved by the U.S. EPA on May 18, 2012. The TMDL covers 27 waterbody segments impaired by total phosphorus and 18 waterbodies impaired by TSS for a total of 45 TMDLs. These TMDLs address degraded habitat, low Dissolved Oxygen (DO), eutrophication, and turbidity impairments.
Date
5/25/2012