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potential wetlands on your property to help understand the ecological value of your property and to help design projects.
wetlands through land use planning, acquisition and wetland protection laws.
wetlands to improve wetland health and function and by re-establishing destroyed wetlands.
wetland losses through restoration, enhancement and establishment.
Contact information
For further information regarding the Wisconsin ILF wetland mitigation program, contact:
Josh Brown
In-lieu Fee Coordinator

Wisconsin Wetland Conservation Trust — Mitigate Mitigate with credits


What is an In-Lieu Fee program?

The Wisconsin Wetland Conservation Trust (WWCT) is a wetland mitigation in-lieu fee (ILF) program sponsored and administered by the Wisconsin DNR. Through the sale of credits, the WWCT can satisfy a permittee’s or exemption request-project proponent’s legal responsibility to purchase wetland mitigation credits specified by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and DNR wetland authorizations. In some cases, the WWCT Program may provide wetland mitigation credits in areas where no other mitigation credits are currently available.

Where is the program offered?

ILF mitigation credits are available throughout the entire state of Wisconsin. There are 12 separate ILF Service Areas (major watersheds) which are the same as those used for mitigation banking and permittee responsible mitigation.

ILF service areas

How do I purchase credits?

A permittee may satisfy their wetland mitigation permit requirement by purchasing Advanced Credits from the WWCT Program.

Permittees interested in purchasing credits should follow the process detailed under the Individual Permit (IP) Wetland Mitigation Process.

How many credits are available and at what price?

Credit fees include the costs associated with administration of the program, a contingency fund, and all mitigation project costs, including project selection, design, planning, engineering, acquisition, implementation, monitoring, and long-term management. The WWCT reserves the right to alter the credit fee annually and to set different credit fees in each service area to account for variable costs such as land values.

Service Area Advanced Credits 1/1/2020 2020 Credit Fee
Authorized Sold Fulfilled Available
LAKE SUPERIOR 75 30.61 0 44.39 $61,500.00
CHIPPEWA 50 11.29 0 38.71 $67,000.00
ST. CROIX 30 3.64 0 26.36 $65,800.00
UPPER MISS. BLACK ROOT 50 33.29 0 16.71 $68,000.00
UPPER WISCONSIN 100 20.2 0 79.8 $66,300.00
UPPER MISS. MAQ. PLUM 30 0 0 30 $70,700.00
LOWER WISCONSIN 40 28.12 0 11.88 $70,600.00
ROCK 90 8.95 0 81.05 $74,700.00
UPPER ILLINOIS 100 69.27 0 30.73 $83,000.00
FOX 75 57.92 0 17.08 $71,200.00
NW LAKE MICHIGAN 100 47.26 0 52.74 $74,200.00
SW LAKE MICHIGAN 60 54.97 0 5.03 $78,100.00
Total 800 365.52 0 404.48

* Of the 100 credits available in Upper Illinois, up to 70 of those credits are earmarked to mitigate wetland impacts within an Electronics and Information Technology Manufacturing Zone, as designated in Chapter 238.396 (1m) Wis. Stats.

What is the typical process for purchasing credits?

  1. The Permittee (or exempt Applicant) applies for a DNR Wetland Permit.
  2. The DNR Mitigation Coordinator and Army Corps of Engineers determine that the Permittee must purchase WWCT credits to compensate for unavoidable impacts to wetland resources.
  3. The WWCT emails the Permittee the customer information table.
  4. The Permittee fills out the customer information table and emails to the WWCT.
  5. The WWCT creates an invoice for the credit purchase and emails to the Permittee.
  6. The Permittee sends appropriate funds to the WWCT.
  7. The WWCT emails an affidavit of purchase to the Permittee for review and signature.
  8. The Permittee emails the signed affidavit to the WWCT.
  9. The WWCT signs the affidavit and emails to the DNR Mitigation Coordinator, appropriate DNR Water Management Specialist, appropriate Corps staff, and the Permittee.
  10. The credit sale is complete and the WWCT holds all legal responsibility for the mitigation.
Contact information
For further information regarding the Wisconsin ILF wetland mitigation program, contact:
Josh Brown
In-lieu Fee Coordinator
Last revised: Friday December 27 2019