This page uses JavaScript to show photos and site descriptions for each coastal wetland Primary Site. Your browser does not support JavaScript. Site descriptions are also available by downloading the pdf file in the report section of the web site.

LRP - Licenses

LRP - Regulations

LRP - Permits

Recreation - Statewide

Recreation - Trapping

Recreation - Fishing

Recreation - Hunting

Env. Protection - Management

Env. Protection - Emergency

Env. Protection - Resources

To sign up for updates or to access your subscriber preferences, please enter your contact information below.

wetlands through land use planning, acquisition and wetland protection laws.
wetlands to improve wetland health and function and by re-establishing destroyed wetlands.
wetlands by getting your feet wet and learning about their wonders.


Sand Bay

Back to Eastern Lake Superior

Counties: Bayfield


Sand Bay. Sand River estuary, aerial view showing lagoon and native red pine stand on barrier beach,15 Oct. 1995. Photograph, E.J. Epstein.

Site Description

The drowned mouth of the Sand River is situated in a complex of wetlands separated from Lake Superior by a forested sandspit. The lower portions of the Sand River are bordered by northern sedge meadow and alder thicket. West of the lagoon at the stream's outlet are several spring runs. East of the lagoon is a peatland with coastal fen, coastal bog, and tamarack swamp. Rocky headlands with significant outcroppings of sandstone cliffs occur on either side of Sand Bay. Most of the watershed is forested and undeveloped. The National Park Service owns most of the land in this site, though the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa hold title to the forested spit west of the river mouth. Overall the site supports a diverse assemblage of plants, animals and communities including many rare species. The Sand River, which enters Lake Superior at Sand Bay, supports regionally significant diversity among its aquatic macroinvertebrates

Additional Comments

This site features one of the least disturbed of the coastal estuaries. Many rare species occur here.

Last revised: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 17:21:11 CDT