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M-07 - Cleveland Hardwood Swamp

Counties: Manitowoc, Sheboygan


Cleveland Hardwood Swamp, April 2002. Black Ash Swamp temporarily flooded. Photograph, E. Spencer

Site Description

Cleveland Hardwood Swamp is an isolated depressional swamp with small upland forest inclusions located on top of a bluff overlooking Lake Michigan in southern Manitowoc and northern Sheboygan Counties. The swamp lies just west of Lake Michigan. A county road separates the wetland and the bluff top. The forest is mostly second growth and predominantly hardwood swamp (red maple, black and green ashes), though in the most intact portions of the site's interior white cedar is predominant. In areas where the canopy has been opened by recent logging, shrub swamp and open meadows, dominated by red-osier dogwood, speckled alder and blue joint grass, have developed. This swamp is one of few remaining large blocks of forest along Wisconsin's Lake Michigan coast and is important habitat for a diverse assemblage of plants and animals, including migratory songbirds.

Additional Comments

This stretch of the Lake Michigan coast is heavily developed and the vast majority of the former regional forest has been cleared. Use of coastal forests by migratory songbirds is very high, especially during spring.

Text describing this site was published previously in a 2002 DNR publication entitled “A Data Compilation and Assessment of Coastal Wetlands of Wisconsin’s Great Lakes” by E.J. Epstein, A. Galvin and W.A. Smith.

NOAA logo Wisconsin Coastal Management Program logo This project was funded by the Wisconsin Coastal Management Program and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management under the Coastal Zone Management Act.

Last revised: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 17:21:10 CDT