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tree seedlings and shrubs.
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Contact information
For ordering information:
Griffith State Nursery
715-424-3700
For nursery related questions:
One of Wisconsin's state nurseries

Stock descriptions

Trees and shrubs are graded and sold by size class. Grading is done by species, with stem and root quality considered for each. Minimum sizes are determined by reforestation staff based on seedling survivability after planting. Because of this, some species' sizes can be highly variable.

Definitions

Age

  • 1-0: Planted as seed, harvested after one season of growth
  • 2-0: Planted as seed, harvested after two seasons of growth
  • 3-0: Planted as seed, harvested after three seasons of growth
  • Sdl: Mixture of 1-0 and 2-0 seedlings

Inventory

  • Adequate: Greater than 75% of projected demand
  • Limited: Between 50% and 75% of projected demand
  • Very limited: Less than 50% of projected demand

Terms

  • Caliper: Diameter of a seedling's stem
  • Stout: Caliper larger and height shorter than typical for specific species
  • Sturdy: Caliper larger than typical for specific species
  • Top-cut: Cut to approximately 14 inches tall to improve root-top ratios and facilitate shipping
  • Variable: Wide ranging
  • Vigorous: Nutrient loaded seedling
  • Well balanced: Equal sized roots and tops
  • Well rooted: Well developed tap and/or feeder and fine roots with ample root hairs
Conifer
Species Age Minimum Height (in.) Average Height (in.) Size Range Inventory Status Comments
Cedar, White 3-0 6 14 6-20 Very limited Large, sturdy seedlings with excellent roots. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Fir, Balsam 3-0 5 8 5-12 Adequate Variable sized, sturdy seedlings. Ideal for hand planting.
Pine, Jack 1-0 4 7 4-10 Adequate Sturdy, vigorous seedlings with excellent roots. Ideal for hand planting.
Pine, Jack 2-0 8 12 8-14 Very limited Sturdy seedlings with excellent roots. Ideal for machine planting.
Pine, Red 2-0 5 7 5-10 Adequate Variably sized, sturdy, well rooted seedlings. Ideal for hand planting.
Pine, Red 3-0 8 12 8-14 Adequate Large, sturdy seedlings. Ideal for machine planting.
Pine, White 2-0 4 6 4-10 Very limited Variably sized, sturdy seedlings with excellent roots. Ideal for hand planting.
Pine, White 3-0 8 12 8-16 Very limited Large, sturdy seedling with excellent roots. Ideal for machine or hand planting.
Spruce, Black 2-0 5 12 5-16 Limited Variably sized, sturdy seedlings. Ideal for hand planting.
Spruce, Black 3-0 8 14 8-24 Very limited Large, sturdy seedlings. Ideal for machine planting.
Spruce, White 2-0 5 10 5-16 Very limited Variably sized, sturdy seedlings. Ideal for hand planting.
Spruce, White 3-0 8 15 8-24 Very limited Variably sized, well rooted seedlings. Appropriate for hand and machine planting.
Tamarack 2-0 6 18 6-24 Very limited Large, vigorous seedlings. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Hardwood
Species Age Minimum Height (in.) Average Height (in.) Size Range Inventory Status Comments
Note: "sdl" indicates species which are difficult or expensive to grow and process. They are sold at the 2-0 price, but may be 1-0 or 2-0 stock.
Aspen spp. Sdl 8 14 8-14 Adequate Vigorous seedlings grown from root cuttings. Root pruned to 8 inches. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Basswood, American Sdl 6 12 6-14 Adequate Large, sturdy, vigorous seedlings. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Birch, River 1-0 8 12 8-14 Adequate Vigorous seedlings. Small, unbranched whips excellent for hand planting.
Birch, White 1-0 8 14 8-14 Adequate Vigorous, large seedlings with heavy caliper. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Birch, Yellow 1-0 8 12 8-14 Adequate Vigorous seedlings ideal for hand or machine planting.
Birch, Yellow 2-0 10 14 10-14 Adequate Vigorous, well balanced seedlings ideal for hand or machine planting. Top cut.
Cherry, Black 1-0 8 14 8-14 Adequate Variable sized, vigorous seedlings. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Cherry, Black 2-0 10 14 10-14 Limited Vigorous seedlings with caliper ranging from 3/16 inch to 3/8 inch. Top cut. Ideal for machine planting.
Hackberry 1-0 6 12 6-16 Adequate Vigorous, well balanced seedlings with good caliper. Ideal for machine or hand planting.
Hickory, Bitternut 2-0 5 8 5-15 Very limited Stout, heavy caliper seedlings with strong taproot. Proper planting depth is key to survival – may need to prune taproot slightly. Ideal for machine planting.
Hickory, Shagbark 2-0 5 6 5-10 Very limited Stout, heavy caliper seedlings with strong taproot. Proper planting depth is key to survival – may need to prune taproot slightly. Ideal for machine planting.
Maple, Red 2-0 6 12 6-14 Limited Vigorous, but size highly variable. Well rooted. Ideal for machine planting.
Maple, Silver 1-0 8 12 8-16 Adequate Vigorous seedlings with 1/8-inch caliper. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Maple, Silver 2-0 10 14 10-14 Limited Vigorous, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Ideal for machine planting.
Maple, Sugar 2-0 6 10 6-18 Very limited Vigorous, well rooted seedling but variably sized. Ideal for machine planting.
Oak, Bur 1-0 6 12 6-14 Limited Vigorous, well rooted seedlings but variably sized. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Oak, Red 1-0 8 14 8-14 Adequate Vigorous, well rooted seedling. Proper planting depth is key to survival   may need to prune taproot slightly. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Oak, Swamp White 1-0 8 14 8-14 Adequate Large, sturdy, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Oak, White 1-0 6 12 6-14 Adequate Vigorous, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Walnut, Black Sdl 10 14 10-14 Adequate Large, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Wildlife Shrubs
Species Age Minimum Height (in.) Average Height (in.) Size Range Inventory Status Comments
Note: All shrubs are sold at the same price, regardless of age class. Orders may contain a mixture of 1-yr and 2-yr seedlings
Dogwood, Red Osier Sdl 8 14 8-14 Adequate Large, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Caliper 1/8 inch or greater. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Dogwood, Silky Sdl 8 12 8-14 Adequate Well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Caliper 1/8 inch or greater. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Hazelnut, American Sdl 8 12 8-14 Adequate Moderately sized, vigorous, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Caliper 1/8 or greater. Ideal for hand planting.
Juneberry Sdl 8 14 8-14 Limited Variably sized, vigorous, well rooted seedlings. Some show spreading/crooked growth characteristic. Ideal for hand planting.
Ninebark Sdl 8 15 8-20 Limited Vigorous, well rooted seedlings with narrow caliper due to dense growth conditions. Top cut. Ideal for hand planting.
Plum, American Sdl 8 14 8-14 Adequate Vigorous, variably sized, well rooted seedlings. Top cut. Caliper 1/8 inch or greater. Ideal for hand or machine planting.
Last revised: Wednesday October 02 2019