Share your observations

Share your observations of plants or non-game animals with the Natural Heritage Inventory

Rare animals
Find rare and non-game animals.
Rare plants
Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage Working List.
Rare lichens
Discover Wisconsin's lichens.
Natural communities
Explore Wisconsin's natural communities.
Other features
Discover unique resources.
Eagle license plate

Help care for rare plants and animals by ordering an Endangered Resources plate.

Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's rare vertebrate animals, contact:
Rich Staffen
Conservation Biologist
For information on Wisconsin's rare invertebrates, contact:
Jay Watson
Conservation Biologist

Wisconsin's rare birds

Birds on Wisconsin's Natural Heritage Working List – last revised May 2016. Life history, where they are found in the state, photos and management information is available for many of these species. Please consider sharing your observations [exit DNR] with the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory

Many bird avoidance dates have changed, we are in the process of making these consistent across all documents, but for the most recent dates please go to the bird calendar. The bird calendar contains required (Avoidance Period) and recommended (Conservation Period) dates for avoiding impacts to rare Wisconsin birds when planning management or development activities.

Click on the table headings to sort the table or sort taxonomically. Choose a species from the list to explore information for that animal. View the table key.
Scientific Name Common Name Global
WWAP Mapped in NHI
Centronyx henslowii Henslow's Sparrow G4 S2S3B SOC THR SGCN Y
Setophaga citrina Hooded Warbler G5 S2S3B THR SGCN Y
Geothlypis formosa Kentucky Warbler G5 S1S2B THR SGCN Y
Setophaga cerulea Cerulean Warbler G4 S2S3B SOC THR SGCN Y
Vireo bellii Bell's Vireo G5 S2B THR SGCN Y
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher G5 S3B THR SGCN Y
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper G5 S2B THR SGCN Y
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail G4 S1B THR SGCN Y
Tympanuchus cupido Greater Prairie-Chicken G4 S1 THR SGCN Y
Canachites canadensis Spruce Grouse G5 S1S2 THR SGCN Y
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk G5 S3S4B,S1N THR SGCN Y
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron G5 S1B THR SGCN Y
Ardea alba Great Egret G5 S2B THR SGCN Y
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak G5 S2B,S2N SC/M SGCN Y
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird G4 S2B,S2N SC/M SGCN Y
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird G5 S1S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Ammospiza nelsoni Nelson's Sparrow G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Ammospiza leconteii LeConte's Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Spiza americana Dickcissel G5 S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler G4G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler G4 S3B SOC SC/M SGCN Y
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Corthylio calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Poecile hudsonicus Boreal Chickadee G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Perisoreus canadensis Canada Jay G5 S2S3 SC/M SGCN Y
Progne subis Purple Martin G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher G5 S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher G4 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Picoides arcticus Black-backed Woodpecker G5 S1S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker G5 S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Antrostomus vociferus Eastern Whip-poor-will G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl G5 S1B,S3N SC/M SGCN Y
Asio otus Long-eared Owl G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Scolopax minor American Woodcock G5 S3S4B SC/M SGCN Y
Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Rallus elegans King Rail G4 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite G4G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk G5 S2B,S2N SOC SC/M SGCN Y
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye G5 S2B,S5N SC/M SGCN Y
Anas rubripes American Black Duck G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern G4G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Tympanuchus phasianellus Sharp-tailed Grouse G5 S1 SC/H SGCN Y
Calidris canutus rufa Red Knot G4T2 S1N LT SC/FL SGCN N
Grus americana Whooping Crane G1 SXB NEP SC/FL SGCN N
Helmitheros vermivorum Worm-eating Warbler G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Setophaga kirtlandii Kirtland's Warbler G3G4 S1B END SGCN Y
Setophaga dominica Yellow-throated Warbler G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike G4 S1B SOC END SGCN Y
Chlidonias niger Black Tern G4G5 S2B SOC END SGCN Y
Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Sterna hirundo Common Tern G5 S1B,S2N SOC END SGCN Y
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern G5 S1B,S2N END SGCN Y
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover G3 S1B LE END SGCN Y
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon G4 S1S2B END SGCN Y
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill G5 SUB,S2N r-SIN N
Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill G5 SUB,S2N r-SIN N
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow G5 S3B m-SIN N
Cardellina canadensis Canada Warbler G5 S3B m-SIN N
Cardellina pusilla Wilson's Warbler G5 SUB,S4N r-SIN N
Parkesia motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush G5 S3B m-SIN N
Setophaga palmarum Palm Warbler G5 S3B m-SIN N
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo G5 SUB,S2N r-SIN N
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher G5 S4B m-SIN N
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush G4 S4B m-SIN N
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo G5 S3B m-SIN N
Circus hudsonius Northern Harrier G5 S3B,S2N m-SIN N
Anas americana American Wigeon G5 S3N r-SIN N
Anas acuta Northern Pintail G5 S3N r-SIN N
Gavia immer Common Loon G5 S3B m-SIN N

Rank and status: To learn more about species rank and status, see the working list key. WWAP: (Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan): SGCN (Species of Greatest Conservation Need) and monitoring and ranking SIN (Species with Information Needs). Mapped in NHI: (Natural Heritage Inventory): Y = Observations of these species are mapped into the NHI database.

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Last revised: Thursday, October 08, 2020