LRP - Licenses

LRP - Regulations

LRP - Permits

Recreation - Statewide

Recreation - Trapping

Recreation - Fishing

Recreation - Hunting

Env. Protection - Management

Env. Protection - Emergency

Env. Protection - Resources

To sign up for updates or to access your subscriber preferences, please enter your contact information below.

tree seedlings and shrubs.
a personalized tree planting plan.
how to plant trees properly.
to the Forests for the Future Fund.
Contact information
For ordering information:
Griffith State Nursery
For nursery related questions:
One of Wisconsin's state nurseries

Wildlife shrub species

Descriptions of some shrub species available for purchase from the Wisconsin DNR nursery.

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

Chokecherry is a small tree, growing between 20-25 ft. The crown is irregular and rounded. They have attractive clusters of white flowers in May, with fruit maturing in late July to August. The fruit is red, turning to dark purple or black at maturity. The flesh is thin, dark, fleshy and highly astringent. It is popular with songbirds but can be used by humans too. The branches and leaves form dense thickets, ideal for nesting birds. It is the most widely distributed tree in North America and is found throughout Wisconsin. It is most common along streams, open woodlands, cut-over and brushy areas on a range of soils.

Crab, Prairie (Malus ioensis)

A hardy southern Wisconsin tree that grows to 15-30 feet in height. Its fruit is utilized by many species of birds and animals. The crabapple prefers well-drained loam soils, but it can tolerate a variety of soils.

Cranberry, American Highbush (Viburnum trilobum)

American highbush cranberry requires well-drained to moist sites for best development. It can attain heights of 10-13 feet. Its white flower clusters appear in May, and the bright, orange-red fruits appear in September. The fruit is often persistent throughout the winter, suggesting that it may not be especially palatable for wildlife. However, it can serve as an emergency food source in severe winters.

Dogwood, Silky (Cornus amomum)

Dogwoods attain heights of 4-10 feet and the fruit is a favorite food of turkey, grouse, quail and many songbirds. Dogwoods will grow on moist to well-drained soils and do best in full sunlight.

Dogwood, Red-Osier (Cornus stolonifera)

Red-osier dogwood prefers wet to well-drained soils, and should not be planted on droughty sites. It is extremely winter-hardy throughout Wisconsin. This is a multiple-stemmed, upright, spreading shrub that stands 10 to 12 feet tall when mature. It spreads by underground stolons.

The red stems are distinctive year-round, but are bright red in spring. May flowers produce a small, white berry. In midsummer, blossoms and mature fruits can occur on the same shrub.

This shrub is heavily browsed by deer, and the fruit is a preferred food of wild turkey, grouse, quail and many songbirds.

Hawthorn (Cratageus spp)

Hawthorns are small trees, growing 20-24 feet tall. They are attractive to ruffed grouse and numerous songbird species. Hawthorns need full sun and should not be planted on moist, wet or extremely dry soils. Silt loam soils are best.

Hazelnut, American (Corylus americana)

A moderate sized shrub that is commonly found along woodland edges, old pastures and thickets. American hazelnut prefers full sun for best growth and development. Though it can grow and persist in partial shade, plant density and fruit production are greatly reduced. It is a medium to fast growing species, that suckers moderately, eventually producing a multi-stemmed, clump appearance. American Hazelnut grows to a height of 8-12 feet and with a crown spread of 10 to 15 feet. The species adapts well to a range of soil pH and types, but does best on well-drained loams. The nuts produced by American hazelnut are a preferred mast by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants and other animals. The male catkins are a food staple of ruffed grouse throughout the winter.

Juneberry (Amelanchier canadensis)

Juneberry is a small, multi-stemmed shrub, growing up to 25 feet tall. They have attractive clusters of white flowers in late spring and the fruit matures in late July and August. The fruit is similar to a large blueberry and is edible for wildlife and humans. The bark is thin, grey, smooth and with faint striations as it ages. It prefers full sun but can grow in partial shade. It is common throughout the state, but especially prefers stream banks, lake shores and open uplands with fertile soils and good drainage.

Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius)

A multi-stemmed, arching shrub, reaching 10 feet in height at maturity. Small clusters of white flowers develop into brownish capsules in September. Ruffed grouse eat the buds and songbirds eat the small seeds. Ninebark provides excellent wildlife cover. It has the ability to grow on a wide variety of sites from goat prairies to sedge meadows. One of the few shrub species that does well on very droughty sites.

Plum, American (Wild Plum, Prunus americana)

American plum is a large shrub which can reach 15 feet in height. It forms dense thickets which are good for nesting. It produces dense clusters of white flower in May, and the one-inch, globe-shaped red-orange to blue plums mature in August. The wild plum grows best in full sun on well-drained silt loams.

Last revised: Thursday June 13 2019