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Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Tichigan Springs and Fen (No. 689)

Tichigan Springs and Fen

Photo by Ryan O'Connor



Within Tichigan Wildlife Area, Racine County. T4N-R19E, Sections 21, 22. 86 acres.



Located in the Tichigan Wildlife Area, Tichigan Springs and Fen features a high-quality complex of calcareous fen, southern sedge meadow, and springs and spring runs emanating from the base of a gravelly esker. Both seepage and bubbling springs are present and are often surrounded by sparsely vegetated marl flats. Springs and fen occur on both the east and west sides of the esker, with those on the east side being larger and higher in quality. Large portions of the site have been invaded by glossy buckthorn and are succeeding to shrub-carr, while narrow-leaved cat-tail has invaded wet areas in the east portions of the site. Characteristic species include shrubby cinquefoil, Virginia mountain mint, grass-of-Parnassus, big bluestem, Kalm's lobelia, Riddell's goldenrod, and numerous fen sedges. The esker supports overgrown Oak Openings dominated by large bur oak, white oak, red oak, and black oak along with American basswood and shagbark hickory over a dense understory of common buckthorn, gray dogwood, and prickly-ash. Tichigan Springs and Fen is owned by the DNR and was designated a State Natural Area in 2018.


Driving directions

From the intersection of State 164 and County L in Big Bend, go south on County L 2.2 miles, then south on Center Drive 1.6 miles, then continue south on Marsh Road 2.8 miles to a DNR parking area west of the road.


Tichigan Springs and Fen is owned by:

  • WDNR


The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.

To create your own custom map where you can zoom to a specific location, please use the DNR's mapping application.


Management objectives and prescriptions


Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

The good majority of SNAs are isolated and have few or no facilities. Some SNAs have vehicle access lanes or parking lots, but their accessibility may vary depending on weather conditions. Parking lots and lanes are not plowed during winter. Hiking trails may be nonexistent or consist of undeveloped footpaths. A GPS unit or compass and detailed topographic map are useful tools for exploring larger SNAs.

Entrance fees: Excepting Parfrey's Glen, the Cambrian Outlook in the Dells of the Wisconsin River, SNAs within State Parks and some within State Forests, all other DNR-owned SNAs do not have any admission fee. For more information, see Wis. Admin. Code NR 45. For non-DNR-owned SNAs, we are unaware of any vehicle or admission fees. However, please contact the landowner for more information.

Allowable activities

In general, the activities listed below are allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted under the "Access" tab above and posted with signs on site.

  • Hiking
  • Fishing
  • Cross country skiing
  • Hunting
  • Trapping

Prohibited activities

Although a handful of sites allow activities like primitive camping (e.g. Lower Chippewa River on sand bars) or horseback riding (e.g. S. Kettle Moraine), the activities listed below are generally prohibited on DNR-owned SNAs.

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Drones: Flying-related activities, including the use of drones, hang-gliders and model airplanes, are prohibited. Permission may be issued by the SNA Program for the use of drones for educational or research purposes.
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

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Last revised: Monday, March 27, 2023