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Wisconsin State Natural Areas Program Deer Creek Tamarack Bog (No. 659)



Within Deer Creek State Wildlife Area, Outagamie County. T24N-R15E, Sections 1, 2. 293 acres.



Deer Creek Tamarack Bog supports both remnant tamarack swamp and open bog communities that have remained intact despite their hydrology being altered by ditching many years ago. The best areas feature a densely stocked closed canopy tamarack and black spruce forest with scattered paper birch and white pine. The open bog is a hummocky, leatherleaf-dominated low shrub community with bog rosemary, Labrador tea, bog laurel, and early low blueberry. The hummocks are comprised of sphagnum moss and are interspersed with with cotton grass sedges and other Carex (sedge) species. The herb layer includes crested shield fern, tussock cotton-grass, rusty cotton-grass, white meadowsweet, steeplebush, cinnamon fern, royal fern, bog St. Johnís wort, and flat-topped aster. Deer Creek Tamarack Bog is owned by the DNR and was designated a State Natural Area in 2012.


Driving directions

From the intersection of Highway 168 and County F in Leeman, go west on County F 1.7 miles, then continue west on Birch Road 2.2 miles to a DNR parking area where the road turns south. Park and walk north 0.25 miles to the southwest corner of the SNA.


Deer Creek Tamarack Bog is owned by:

  • WDNR


The DNR's state natural areas program is comprised of lands owned by the state, private conservation organizations, municipalities, other governmental agencies, educational institutions and private individuals. While the majority of SNAs are open to the public, access may vary according to individual ownership policies. Public use restrictions may apply due to public safety, or to protect endangered or threatened species or unique natural features. Lands may be temporarily closed due to specific management activities. Users are encouraged to contact the landowner for more specific details.

The data shown on these maps have been obtained from various sources, and are of varying age, reliability, and resolution. The data may contain errors or omissions and should not be interpreted as a legal representation of legal ownership boundaries.


Site objectives

Protect an existing black spruce-tamarack forest and open bog.

Management approach

Allow development of old-growth characteristics primarily through passive techniques.


Management objectives and prescriptions

  • Control invasive exotic species.
  • Explore opportunities to restore hydrology and implement in a careful manner that will not affect dominant tree species.


Very few State Natural Areas have public facilities, but nearly all are open for a variety of recreational activities as indicated below. Generally, there are no picnic areas, restrooms, or other developments. Parking lots or designated parking areas are noted on individual SNA pages and maps. Trails, if present, are typically undesignated footpaths. If a developed trail is present, it will normally be noted on the SNA map and/or under the "Access" tab. A compass and topographic map or a GPS unit are useful tools for exploring larger, isolated SNAs.

Allowable activities

In general, the activities listed below are allowed on all DNR-owned SNA lands. Exceptions to this list of public uses, such as SNAs closed to hunting, are noted under the "Access" tab above and posted with signs on site.

  • Hiking
  • Fishing
  • Cross country skiing
  • Hunting
  • Trapping

Prohibited activities

  • Camping and campfires
  • Collecting of animals (other than legally harvested species), non-edible fungi, rocks, minerals, fossils, archaeological artifacts, soil, downed wood, or any other natural material, alive or dead. Collecting for scientific research requires a permit issued by the DNR
  • Collecting of plants including seeds, roots or other non-edible parts of herbaceous plants such as wildflowers or grasses
  • Geocaching
  • Horseback riding
  • Rock climbing
  • Vehicles, including bicycles, ATVs, aircraft, and snowmobiles except on trails and roadways designated for their use

For rules governing state-owned SNAs and other state lands, please consult Chapter NR 45 Wis. Admin. Code [exit DNR]

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Last revised: Friday, October 26, 2018