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Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's rare plants, contact:
Kevin Doyle
608-416-3377

Field Dodder (Cuscuta pentagona)

Life history

Species overview

Field Dodder (Cuscuta pentagona), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in old fields and prairies, sandstone ledges and coastal plain marshes. Blooming occurs from July through October. The optimal identification period for this species is July through October.

Synonyms: Cuscuta arvensis, Cuscuta campestris, Cuscuta pentagona var. calycina, Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona

Identification

  • Distinguishing characteristics: Distinguished from other Cuscuta by having a dense inflorescence of 5-parted flowers, with pointed, white petals.
  • Flower characteristics: Flowers 5-parted, white; perianth 1.5 to 2 mm long; sepals united, subtending bracts absent; petal tips acute; stamens exserted in flower.
  • Fruit characteristics: Capsule; seed 1 mm long.
  • Leaf characteristics: Alternate, minute scales in place of leaves.

Phenology

  • Blooming phenology: July through October
  • Fruiting phenology:
  • Optimum time to identify: The optimal identification period for this species is July through October

Other

  • Growth form: Vine-herbaceous
  • Vegetative reproduction:
  • Life cycle: Annual
  • Comments: Reported parasitizing a wide variety of species including Solidago, Polygonum, Crotalaria, Ambrosia, Trifolium, Lespedeza, Equisetum, and Centaurea

State status

Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin

The table below provides information about the protected status - state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Field Dodder (Cuscuta pentagona). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where this species has been found to date and is not meant as a range map.

Documented locations of Cuscuta pentagona in the Natural Heritage Inventory Database as of July 2015.


Summary Information
State StatusSC
Federal Status in Wisconsinnone
State RankS1
Global RankG5
Tracked by NHIY

Habitats and landscapes

The Natural Heritage Inventory has developed scores indicating the degree to which each of Wisconsin's rare plant species is associated with a particular natural community or ecological landscape. This information is similar to that found in the Wildlife Action Plan for animals. As this is a work in progress, we welcome your suggestions and feedback.

General habitat information

  • Habitat description: Found in old fields and prairies, sandstone ledges and coastal plain marshes.
  • Soils: Sand to clay soils.

Natural communities

This table lists the natural communities that are associated with Field Dodder. Scores for natural community associations are: "significant" association (score=3), "moderate association" (score=2) or the species can be present but is only weakly associated with the community (score=1).

Natural communities score
Coastal Plain Marsh 2
Dry-mesic Prairie 3
Sand Prairie 3

Ecological landscapes

This table lists the ecological landscape association scores for Field Dodder. The scores (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None) also correspond to the map.

Map of the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin.

Species guidance

The Endangered Resources Program has developed avoidance measures and management guidelines for plants on the Natural Heritage Working List. These are a work in progress, and we welcome your suggestions and feedback. Sources used in developing this information can be found here.

Avoidance measures

These are specific actions designed to avoid "take" (mortality) of this species.

  • Avoid known individual plant locations and conduct operations elsewhere when they are least likely to cause damage. Ideally, this would involve frozen, snow-covered ground. However, in areas of the state where frozen conditions are unreliable, very dry soils late in the growing season might be the best available alternative. Consult with a biologist, if needed.
  • Avoid broadcast spraying of herbicides; use care with spot spraying.

Management guidance

Management guidelines are additional considerations that may help maintain or enhance habitat for this species

  • Maintain and restore open habitat through selective clearing and brushing.
  • Minimize disturbance to hydrology, including soil disturbance from rutting.
  • Prescribed burns and/or brushing may be beneficial (dependent on local site conditions).

Photos


Field Dodder  Photo.

Field dodder (Cuscuta pentagona) is a rare parasitic plant found in dry prairies. It can be identified by its knob-like calyx lobes.

Photo by Ryan O'Connor, Wisconsin DNR.

Field Dodder  Photo.

Photo by Ryan O'Connor, Wisconsin DNR.

Field Dodder  Photo.

Photo by Ryan O'Connor, Wisconsin DNR.

Field Dodder  Photo.

Photo by Ryan O'Connor, Wisconsin DNR.


Support for Wisconsin's rare plant information has been provided by the Division of Forestry, the Endangered Resources Fund and the Wisconsin Rare Plant Preservation Fund. To donate, visit the Natural Resources Foundation of Wisconsin [exit DNR].

Last revised: Friday, August 10, 2018
Southwest Savanna Southern Lake Michigan Coastal Western Coulees and Ridges Southeast Glacial Plains Central Sand Hills Central Lake Michigan Coastal Central Sand Plains Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northeast Sands Western Prairie North Central Forest Northern Highlands Northwest Lowlands Northwest Sands Northwest Lowlands Superior Coastal Plains Forest Transition