LRP - Licenses

LRP - Regulations

LRP - Permits

Recreation - Statewide

Recreation - Trapping

Recreation - Fishing

Recreation - Hunting

Env. Protection - Management

Env. Protection - Emergency

Env. Protection - Resources

To sign up for updates or to access your subscriber preferences, please enter your contact information below.



 
Share your observations

Share your observations of plants or non-game animals with the Natural Heritage Inventory.

Rare animals
Find rare and non-game animals.
Rare plants
Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage Working List.
Rare lichens
Discover Wisconsin's lichens.
Natural communities
Explore Wisconsin's natural communities.
Other features
Discover unique resources.
Eagle license plate

Help care for rare plants and animals by ordering an Endangered Resources plate.

Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's rare plants, contact:
Kevin Doyle
608-416-3377

Large-leaved Sandwort (Moehringia macrophylla)

Life history

Species overview

Large-leaved Sandwort (Moehringia macrophylla), a Wisconsin Endangered plant, is found on dry to partly shaded cliffs in the Penokee Range. Blooming occurs late May through late August; fruiting occurs early June through late August. The optimal identification period for this species is early June through late July.

Synonyms: Arenaria macrophylla

Identification

  • Distinguishing characteristics: Sepals 3 to 6 mm, acute and often longer than the petals; leaves opposite, lanceolate to elliptic, 3 to 8 mm wide, and acute at the tip.
  • Flower characteristics: White, 5-parted, borne solitary or in terminal cymes; sepals acute, 3 to 6 mm long, longer than the petals.
  • Fruit characteristics: Capsule round to oblong, shorter than the sepals, with 6 slits only to the middle when mature; seeds 1.5 mm, with a conspicuous appendage at the attachment scar.
  • Leaf characteristics: Opposite, lanceolate to elliptic, mostly 2 to 5 cm long by 3 to 8 mm wide, often acute or tapering to a sharp point at the tip.

Phenology

  • Blooming phenology: late May through late August
  • Fruiting phenology: early June through late August
  • Optimum time to identify: The optimal identification period for this species is early June through late July

Other

  • Growth form: Forb-erect
  • Vegetative reproduction: Rhizomatous
  • Life cycle: Perennial
  • Comments: Associated Species: Thuja occidentalis, Polypodium vulgare, Woodsia ilvensis, Dryopteris fragrans, lichens, mosses, Pinus strobus.

State status

Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin

The table below provides information about the protected status - state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Large-leaved Sandwort (Moehringia macrophylla). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where this species has been found to date and is not meant as a range map.

Documented locations of Moehringia macrophylla in the Natural Heritage Inventory Database as of July 2015.


Summary Information
State StatusEND
Federal Status in Wisconsinnone
State RankS1
Global RankG5
Tracked by NHIY

Habitats and landscapes

The Natural Heritage Inventory has developed scores indicating the degree to which each of Wisconsin's rare plant species is associated with a particular natural community or ecological landscape. This information is similar to that found in the Wildlife Action Plan for animals. As this is a work in progress, we welcome your suggestions and feedback.

General habitat information

  • Habitat description: Found on dry to partly shaded cliffs in the Penokee Range.
  • Soils: Rocky soils.

Natural communities

This table lists the natural communities that are associated with Large-leaved Sandwort. Scores for natural community associations are: "significant" association (score=3), "moderate association" (score=2) or the species can be present but is only weakly associated with the community (score=1).

Natural communities score
Dry Cliff 3
Bedrock Glade 3

Ecological landscapes

This table lists the ecological landscape association scores for Large-leaved Sandwort. The scores (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None) also correspond to the map.

Map of the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin.

Species guidance

The Endangered Resources Program has developed avoidance measures and management guidelines for plants on the Natural Heritage Working List. These are a work in progress, and we welcome your suggestions and feedback. Sources used in developing this information can be found here.

Avoidance measures

These are specific actions designed to avoid "take" (mortality) of this species.

  • Avoid broadcast spraying of herbicides; use care with spot spraying.
  • Avoid known individual plant locations and conduct operations elsewhere when they are least likely to cause damage. Ideally, this would involve frozen, snow-covered ground. However, in areas of the state where frozen conditions are unreliable, very dry soils late in the growing season might be the best available alternative. Consult with a biologist, if needed.
  • Avoid direct disturbance to sensitive microsites such as seeps, cliffs, and moss-covered boulders.

Management guidance

Management guidelines are additional considerations that may help maintain or enhance habitat for this species

  • Buffer management around unique microhabitats such as ephemeral ponds, seeps, etc.
  • Follow BMPs, especially around streams and use care near ravines, steep slopes, cliffs, rock outcrops, etc.

Photos


Large-leaved Sandwort  Photo.

Photo © Robert H. Read.

Large-leaved Sandwort  Photo.

Photo © Robert H. Read.


Support for Wisconsin's rare plant information has been provided by the Division of Forestry, the Endangered Resources Fund and the Wisconsin Rare Plant Preservation Fund. To donate, visit the Natural Resources Foundation of Wisconsin [exit DNR].

Last revised: Friday, August 10, 2018
Southwest Savanna Southern Lake Michigan Coastal Western Coulees and Ridges Southeast Glacial Plains Central Sand Hills Central Lake Michigan Coastal Central Sand Plains Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northeast Sands Western Prairie North Central Forest Northern Highlands Northwest Lowlands Northwest Sands Northwest Lowlands Superior Coastal Plains Forest Transition