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Yerba-de-tajo (Eclipta prostrata)

Life history

Species overview

Yerba-de-tajo (Eclipta prostrata), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found primarily on muddy flats along the lower Wisconsin River. Blooming occurs early July through early October; fruiting occurs early August through early October. The optimal identification period for this species is early August through late September.

Synonyms: Eclipta alba, Eclipta erecta, Verbesina alba, Verbesina prostrata


  • Distinguishing characteristics: Weak or spreading habit, often rooting at the nodes, stem pubescent; flower heads small (disc 4 to 6 mm wide), white; leaves lanceolate to linear, tip acute, opposite.
  • Flower characteristics: 1 to 3 heads of white flowers in terminal or axillary clusters on the many branches; disk 4 to 6 mm wide; ray flowers minute, white.
  • Fruit characteristics: Achenes 2 to 2.5 mm, rugose or warty, slightly hairy above.
  • Leaf characteristics: Opposite, lanceolate or lance-elliptic to lance-linear, acute, narrowed to a sessile or shortly petiolar base, remotely serrulate, 2 to 10 cm long by 4 to 25 mm wide.


  • Blooming phenology: early July through early October
  • Fruiting phenology: early August through early October
  • Optimum time to identify: The optimal identification period for this species is early August through late September


  • Growth form: Forb-erect
  • Vegetative reproduction:
  • Life cycle: Annual/perennial
  • Comments: Associated Species: Eragrostis hypnoides, Leersia oryzoides, Lycopus americanus, Ludwigia polycarpa, Alisma spp., Echinochloa crus-galli.

State status

Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin

The table below provides information about the protected status - state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Yerba-de-tajo (Eclipta prostrata). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where this species has been found to date and is not meant as a range map.

Documented locations of Eclipta prostrata in the Natural Heritage Inventory Database as of July 2015.

Summary Information
State StatusSC
Federal Status in Wisconsinnone
State RankS1
Global RankG5
Tracked by NHIY

Habitats and landscapes

The Natural Heritage Inventory has developed scores indicating the degree to which each of Wisconsin's rare plant species is associated with a particular natural community or ecological landscape. This information is similar to that found in the Wildlife Action Plan for animals. As this is a work in progress, we welcome your suggestions and feedback.

General habitat information

  • Habitat description: Found primarily on muddy flats along the lower Wisconsin River.
  • Soils: Wet soils.

Natural communities

This table lists the natural communities that are associated with Yerba-de-tajo. Scores for natural community associations are: "significant" association (score=3), "moderate association" (score=2) or the species can be present but is only weakly associated with the community (score=1).

Natural communities score
Floodplain Forest 1
Riverine Mud Flat 3

Ecological landscapes

This table lists the ecological landscape association scores for Yerba-de-tajo. The scores (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None) also correspond to the map.

Map of the Ecological Landscapes of Wisconsin.

Ecological landscape score
Western Coulee and Ridges 3

Species guidance

The Endangered Resources Program has developed avoidance measures and management guidelines for plants on the Natural Heritage Working List. These are a work in progress, and we welcome your suggestions and feedback. Sources used in developing this information can be found here.

Avoidance measures

These are specific actions designed to avoid "take" (mortality) of this species.

  • Avoid broadcast spraying of herbicides; use care with spot spraying.
  • Avoid known individual plant locations and conduct operations elsewhere when they are least likely to cause damage. Ideally, this would involve frozen, snow-covered ground. However, in areas of the state where frozen conditions are unreliable, very dry soils late in the growing season might be the best available alternative. Consult with a biologist, if needed.

Management guidance

Management guidelines are additional considerations that may help maintain or enhance habitat for this species

  • Minimize disturbance to hydrology, including soil disturbance from rutting.


Yerba-de-tajo Photo.

Photo © Kitty Kohout.

Yerba-de-tajo Photo.

Photo © John Zaborsky.

Yerba-de-tajo Photo.

Photo © John Zaborsky.

Yerba-de-tajo Photo.

Photo © Charles T. Bryson,

Yerba-de-tajo Photo.

Photo © Chris Noll.

Support for Wisconsin's rare plant information has been provided by the Division of Forestry, the Endangered Resources Fund and the Wisconsin Rare Plant Preservation Fund. To donate, visit the Natural Resources Foundation of Wisconsin [exit DNR].

Last revised: Wednesday, May 05, 2021
Southwest Savanna Southern Lake Michigan Coastal Western Coulees and Ridges Southeast Glacial Plains Central Sand Hills Central Lake Michigan Coastal Central Sand Plains Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Northeast Sands Western Prairie North Central Forest Northern Highlands Northwest Lowlands Northwest Sands Northwest Lowlands Superior Coastal Plains Forest Transition