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Rare animals
Find rare and non-game animals.
Rare plants
Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage Working List.
Rare lichens
Discover Wisconsin's lichens.
Natural communities
Explore Wisconsin's natural communities.
Other features
Discover unique resources.
Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's natural communities, contact:
Ryan O'Connor
Natural Heritage Inventory Ecologist

Northern Mesic Forest--late seral

Need a main photo for this community


Rare plants

The Natural Heritage Inventory has developed scores indicating the degree to which each of Wisconsin's rare plant species is associated with a particular natural community or ecological landscape. This information is similar to that found in the Wildlife Action Plan for animals. As this is a work in progress, we welcome your suggestions and feedback.

Scores: 3 = "significantly associated," 2 = "moderately associated," and 1 = "minimally associated."
Scientific Name Common Name Score
Acer pensylvanicum Striped Maple 3
Adlumia fungosa Climbing Fumitory 3
Aplectrum hyemale Putty Root 2
Asplenium trichomanes Maidenhair Spleenwort 2
Astragalus neglectus Cooper's Milkvetch 2
Botrychium lunaria Common Moonwort 2
Botrychium minganense Mingan's Moonwort 3
Botrychium mormo Little Goblin Moonwort 3
Carex backii Rocky Mountain Sedge 3
Carex novae-angliae New England Sedge 2
Carex platyphylla Broad-leaf Sedge 3
Carex prasina Drooping Sedge 3
Cystopteris laurentiana Laurentian Bladder Fern 2
Dryopteris expansa Spreading Woodfern 2
Dryopteris filix-mas Male Fern 3
Goodyera oblongifolia Giant Rattlesnake-plantain 3
Homalosorus pycnocarpos Glade Fern 2
Huperzia porophila Rock Clubmoss 2
Juglans cinerea Butternut 3
Leucophysalis grandiflora Large-flowered Ground-cherry 1
Listera convallarioides Broad-leaved Twayblade 3
Melica smithii Smith's Melic Grass 3
Phegopteris hexagonoptera Broad Beech Fern 3
Poa wolfii Wolf's Bluegrass 2
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern 3
Polystichum braunii Braun's Holly-fern 3
Pseudocyphellaria crocata Yellow Specklebelly 3
Sceptridium oneidense Blunt-lobe Grape-fern 3
Tiarella cordifolia Heartleaf Foamflower 3
Viola rostrata Long-spurred Violet 3
Viola striata Striped Violet 2


Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

What are conservation actions?

Conservation actions respond to issues or threats, which adversely affect species of greatest conservation need (SGCN) or their habitats. Besides actions such as restoring wetlands or planting resilient tree species in northern communities, research, surveys and monitoring are also among conservation actions described in the WWAP because lack of information can threaten our ability to successfully preserve and care for natural resources.

Threats/issues and conservations actions for natural communities


There are no photos available for at this time. Please consider donating a photo to the Natural Heritage Conservation Program.

Last revised: Wednesday, December 19, 2018