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Share your observations

Share your observations of plants or non-game animals with the Natural Heritage Inventory.

Rare animals
Find rare and non-game animals.
Rare plants
Learn about plants on the Natural Heritage Working List.
Rare lichens
Discover Wisconsin's lichens.
Natural communities
Explore Wisconsin's natural communities.
Other features
Discover unique resources.
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Help care for rare plants and animals by ordering an Endangered Resources plate.

Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's rare animals, contact:
Rich Staffen
Conservation Biologist

Wisconsin's rare birds

Birds on Wisconsin's Natural Heritage Working List – last revised May 2016. Life history, where they are found in the state, photos and management information is available for many of these species. Please consider sharing your observations [exit DNR] with the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory

Many bird avoidance dates have changed, we are in the process of making these consistent across all documents, but for the most recent dates please go to the bird calendar. The bird calendar contains required (Avoidance Period) and recommended (Conservation Period) dates for avoiding impacts to rare Wisconsin birds when planning management or development activities.

Click on the table headings to sort the table or sort taxonomically. Choose a species from the list to explore information for that animal. View the table key.
Scientific Name Common Name Global
WWAP Mapped in NHI
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird G5 S1S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Vireo philadelphicus Philadelphia Vireo G5 SUB,S2N r-SIN N
Vireo bellii Bell's Vireo G5 S2B THR SGCN Y
Vermivora chrysoptera Golden-winged Warbler G4 S3B SOC SC/M SGCN Y
Tympanuchus phasianellus Sharp-tailed Grouse G5 S1 SC/H SGCN Y
Tympanuchus cupido Greater Prairie-Chicken G4 S1 THR SGCN Y
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher G5 S4B m-SIN N
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Sterna hirundo Common Tern G5 S1B,S2N SOC END SGCN Y
Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow G5 S3B m-SIN N
Spiza americana Dickcissel G5 S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Setophaga palmarum Palm Warbler G5 S3B m-SIN N
Setophaga kirtlandii Kirtland's Warbler G3G4 S1B LE END SGCN Y
Setophaga dominica Yellow-throated Warbler G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Setophaga citrina Hooded Warbler G5 S2S3B THR SGCN Y
Setophaga cerulea Cerulean Warbler G4 S2S3B SOC THR SGCN Y
Scolopax minor American Woodcock G5 S3S4B SC/M SGCN Y
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Rallus elegans King Rail G4 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Progne subis Purple Martin G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Poecile hudsonicus Boreal Chickadee G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Picoides arcticus Black-backed Woodpecker G5 S1S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Perisoreus canadensis Gray Jay G5 S2S3 SC/M SGCN Y
Parkesia motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush G5 S3B m-SIN N
Oporornis agilis Connecticut Warbler G4G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron G5 S1B THR SGCN Y
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker G5 S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Loxia leucoptera White-winged Crossbill G5 SUB,S2N r-SIN N
Loxia curvirostra Red Crossbill G5 SUB,S2N r-SIN N
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike G4 S1B SOC END SGCN Y
Ixobrychus exilis Least Bittern G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush G4 S4B m-SIN N
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern G5 S1B,S2N END SGCN Y
Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Helmitheros vermivorum Worm-eating Warbler G5 S1B END SGCN Y
Grus americana Whooping Crane G1 SXB NEP SC/FL SGCN N
Geothlypis formosa Kentucky Warbler G5 S1S2B THR SGCN Y
Gavia immer Common Loon G5 S3B m-SIN N
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon G4 S1S2B END SGCN Y
Falcipennis canadensis Spruce Grouse G5 S1S2 THR SGCN Y
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird G4 S2B,S2N SC/M SGCN Y
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher G5 S3B THR SGCN Y
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher G5 S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Dolichonyx oryzivorus Bobolink G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Coturnicops noveboracensis Yellow Rail G4 S1B THR SGCN Y
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher G4 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite G4G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo G5 S3B m-SIN N
Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak G5 S2B,S2N SC/M SGCN Y
Circus hudsonius Northern Harrier G5 S3B,S2N m-SIN N
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Chlidonias niger Black Tern G4G5 S2B SOC END SGCN Y
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover G3 S1B LE END SGCN Y
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Cardellina pusilla Wilson's Warbler G5 SUB,S4N r-SIN N
Cardellina canadensis Canada Warbler G5 S3B m-SIN N
Calidris canutus rufa Red Knot G4T2 S1N LT SC/FL SGCN N
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk G5 S3S4B,S1N THR SGCN Y
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye G5 S2B,S5N SC/M SGCN Y
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper G5 S2B THR SGCN Y
Asio otus Long-eared Owl G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Asio flammeus Short-eared Owl G5 S1B,S3N SC/M SGCN Y
Ardea alba Great Egret G5 S2B THR SGCN Y
Antrostomus vociferus Eastern Whip-poor-will G5 S2B SC/M SGCN Y
Anas rubripes American Black Duck G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Anas americana American Wigeon G5 S3N r-SIN N
Anas acuta Northern Pintail G5 S3N r-SIN N
Ammodramus savannarum Grasshopper Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Ammodramus nelsoni Nelson's Sparrow G5 S1B SC/M SGCN Y
Ammodramus leconteii Le Conte's Sparrow G5 S2S3B SC/M SGCN Y
Ammodramus henslowii Henslow's Sparrow G4 S2S3B SOC THR SGCN Y
Accipiter gentilis Northern Goshawk G5 S2B,S2N SOC SC/M SGCN Y

Rank and status: To learn more about species rank and status, see the working list key. WWAP: (Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan): SGCN (Species of Greatest Conservation Need) and monitoring and ranking SIN (Species with Information Needs). Mapped in NHI: (Natural Heritage Inventory): Y = Observations of these species are mapped into the NHI database.

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Last revised: Tuesday, February 19, 2019