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Contact information
For information on Wisconsin's rare vertebrate animals, contact:
Rich Staffen
Conservation Biologist
For information on Wisconsin's rare invertebrates, contact:
Jay Watson
Conservation Biologist

Short-winged Grasshopper (Dichromorpha viridis)



Short-winged Grasshopper (Dichromorpha viridis), a State Special Concern grasshopper, has been found in grasses less than knee high, pastures, fields, roadsides, marginal wooded areas, lakesides, and pond sides.

State status

Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin

The table below provides information about the protected status - both state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for Short-winged Grasshopper (Dichromorpha viridis). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where occurrences of this species meet NHI data standards and is not meant as a comprehensive map of all observations.

Note: Species recently added to the NHI Working List may temporarily have blank occurrence maps.

Documented locations of Dichromorpha viridis in the Natural Heritage Inventory Database as of July 2015.
Summary Information
State StatusSC/N
Federal Status in Wisconsinnone
State RankS2S3
Global RankG5
Tracked by NHIY

Species guidance

Identification: Medium-sized grasshopper, body color is green and/or brown. Females may be unicolorous but the male dorsum is usually lighter than the sides. Head strongly slanted; wings usually do not reach to end of abdomen.

Similar Species: Female Chloealtis conspersa is usually more speckled and brown.

Habitat: Woodland edges on more mesic soils, mesic and dry-mesic prairie.

State Distribution: In counties at or below the Tension Zone.

Global Distribution: Eastern half of United States as well as central and eastern Mexico (Otte, 1981).

Phenology: Adults July through October.

Other resources

Links to additional Short-winged Grasshopper information

Other links related to grasshoppers and allies



Short-winged Grasshopper

Photo © Marci Hess.

Short-winged Grasshopper

Photo © Marci Hess.

Short-winged Grasshopper

Photo © Marci Hess.

Wildlife Action Plan

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

Natural community (habitat) associations

The table below lists the natural communities that are associated with Short-winged Grasshopper. Only natural communities for which Short-winged Grasshopper is "high" (score=3) or "moderate" (score=2) associated are shown. See the key to association scores for complete definitions. Please see the Wildlife Action Plan to learn how this information was developed.

Natural community Score
Dry Prairie 2
Dry-mesic Prairie 2
Mesic Prairie 2
Oak Opening 2

Ecological landscape associations

The table below lists the ecological landscape association scores for Short-winged Grasshopper. The scores correspond to the map (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None). For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.

This map shows the probability of Short-winged Grasshopper occurring in each of Wisconsin's Ecological Landscapes.  Actual scores can be found in the table to the left.

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Landscape-Community combinations of highest ecological priority*

Ecological priorities are the combinations of natural communities and ecological landscapes that provide Wisconsin's best opportunities to conserve important habitats for a given Species of Greatest Conservation Need. The 10 highest scoring combinations are considered ecological priorities and are listed below. More than 10 combinations are listed if multiple combinations tied for 10th place. For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.

* Ecological priority score is a relative measure that is not meant for comparison between species. This score does not consider socio-economical factors that may dictate protection and/or management priorities differently than those determined solely by ecological analysis. Further, a low ecological priority score does not imply that management or preservation should not occur on a site if there are important reasons for doing so locally.

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Issues/threats and conservation actions

Conservation actions respond to issues or threats, which adversely affect species of greatest conservation need (SGCN) or their habitats. Besides actions such as restoring wetlands or planting resilient tree species in northern communities, research, surveys and monitoring are also among conservation actions described in the WWAP because lack of information can threaten our ability to successfully preserve and care for natural resources.

Threats/issues and conservations actions for rare animals

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Last revised: Thursday, October 08, 2020