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For information on Wisconsin's rare vertebrate animals, contact:
Rich Staffen
Conservation Biologist
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Jay Watson
Conservation Biologist

A Leafhopper (Limotettix elegans)

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There is no overview information available for that species.

State status

Status and Natural Heritage Inventory documented occurrences in Wisconsin

The table below provides information about the protected status - both state and federal - and the rank (S and G Ranks) for A Leafhopper (Limotettix elegans). See the Working List Key for more information about abbreviations. Counties shaded blue have documented occurrences for this species in the Wisconsin Natural Heritage Inventory database. The map is provided as a general reference of where occurrences of this species meet NHI data standards and is not meant as a comprehensive map of all observations.

Note: Species recently added to the NHI Working List may temporarily have blank occurrence maps.

Documented locations of Limotettix elegans in the Natural Heritage Inventory Database as of July 2015.
Summary Information
State StatusSC/N
Federal Status in Wisconsinnone
State RankS1?
Global RankGNR
Tracked by NHIY

Species guidance

Identification: A leafhopper. Yellow, posterior of pronotum, and tegmina are dark brown in the male and reddish brown in the female. Face ivory with black and brown bands. Femur banded with black, ventral abdomen pale brown (maybe black in males). A leafhopper using Eleocharis as host is likely to be Limotettix. Length: male, 3.1-3.5mm; female, 3.6-4.1mm.

Similar Species: Limotettix conservatus, collected in Iowa, is found on spike rush in fens. L. urnura occurs on spike rush and has been collected in ON, MB, MN, IA.

Habitat: Wet prairie and alvar. In the Midwest Eleocharis elliptica is often a denizen of calcareous fens associated with Lobelia kalmii, Lysimachia quadriflora, Parnassia glauca, Potentilla fruticosa, Glyceria striata, Gentiana procera. In Wisconsin it occurs in all kinds of wetlands from sandy ditches and swales to sphagnum bogs. E. obtusa is common in calcareous marshes, interdunal flats near Lake Michigan, and sandy ditches (Swink and Wilhelm, 1979).

Host Plant: Small spikerushes, Eleocharis elliptica, E. compressa, E. obtusa, and related species.

State Distribution: Collected in Sauk Co, Brown Co.

Global Distribution: A western species associated with relict prairie. Found in the following states/provinces: MI, OK, MO, TX, WI, ON.

Status Comments: This species was newly described in 1994. It is known from only six sites.

Rationale for Species Listing and Threats: Loss of wetland habitat.

Phenology: Adults are out in July and August.

Survey Guidelines: Sweepnet for species in clumps of the foodplant.

Inventory, Monitoring and Research Needs: Wetland and wet prairie surveys needed.


No additional photos are available for A Leafhopper at this time. Please consider donating a photo to the Natural Heritage Conservation program.

Wildlife Action Plan

Wisconsin Wildlife Action Plan graphic

Natural community (habitat) associations

The table below lists the natural communities that are associated with A Leafhopper. Only natural communities for which A Leafhopper is "high" (score=3) or "moderate" (score=2) associated are shown. See the key to association scores for complete definitions. Please see the Wildlife Action Plan to learn how this information was developed.

Natural community Score
Alvar 3
Calcareous Fen 2
Wet Prairie 2
Wet-mesic Prairie 2

Ecological landscape associations

The table below lists the ecological landscape association scores for A Leafhopper. The scores correspond to the map (3=High, 2=Moderate, 1=Low, 0=None). For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.

This map shows the probability of A Leafhopper occurring in each of Wisconsin's Ecological Landscapes.  Actual scores can be found in the table to the left.

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Landscape-Community combinations of highest ecological priority*

Ecological priorities are the combinations of natural communities and ecological landscapes that provide Wisconsin's best opportunities to conserve important habitats for a given Species of Greatest Conservation Need. The 10 highest scoring combinations are considered ecological priorities and are listed below. More than 10 combinations are listed if multiple combinations tied for 10th place. For more information, please see the Wildlife Action Plan.

* Ecological priority score is a relative measure that is not meant for comparison between species. This score does not consider socio-economical factors that may dictate protection and/or management priorities differently than those determined solely by ecological analysis. Further, a low ecological priority score does not imply that management or preservation should not occur on a site if there are important reasons for doing so locally.

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Issues/threats and conservation actions

Conservation actions respond to issues or threats, which adversely affect species of greatest conservation need (SGCN) or their habitats. Besides actions such as restoring wetlands or planting resilient tree species in northern communities, research, surveys and monitoring are also among conservation actions described in the WWAP because lack of information can threaten our ability to successfully preserve and care for natural resources.

Threats/issues and conservations actions for rare animals

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Last revised: Thursday, December 22, 2022