Fish and Aquatic Life
Lake Four, in the Holcombe Flowage Watershed, is a 22.62 acre lake that falls in Rusk County. This lake is managed for fishing and swimming and is currently not considered impaired.
Author Aquatic Biologist
Source: 1971, Surface Water Resources of Rusk County Four Lake, T33N, R9W, Section 26
A soft water, seepage lake with an intermittent outlet to Potato Lake. There is also an intermittent inlet from swamp drainage. The fish population includes northern pike, walleyes, largemouth bass, bluegills, perch, black crappie, rock bass and bullheads. The shore vegetation is about half upland hardwood with the remainder being fresh meadow and tag alder swamp. The lake bottom is entirely muck. Migratory ducks use the lake, and wood ducks nest there. Both beaver and otter are present. Private development consists of one cottage. There is no public frontage consists of one cottage. There is no public frontage or public access to the lake, although CTH "D" borders the south shore.
Surface Acres = 20.5, Maximum Depth = 49 feet, M.P.A. = 32 ppm, Secchi disk = 4 feet
Author Surface Water Inventory Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin has over 84,000 miles of streams, 15,000 lakes and milllions of acres of wetlands. Assessing the condition of this vast amount of water is challenging. The state's water monitoring program uses a media-based, cross-program approach to analyze water condition. An updated monitoring strategy (2015-2020) is now available. Compliance with Clean Water Act fishable, swimmable standards are located in the Executive Summary of Water Condition in 2018. See also the 'monitoring and projects' tab.
Wisconsin's Water Quality Standards provide qualitative and quantitative goals for waters that are protective of Fishable, Swimmable conditions [Learn more]. Waters that do not meet water quality standards are considered impaired and restoration actions are planned and carried out until the water is once again fishable and swimmable
Management goals can include creation or implementation of a Total Maximum Daily Load analysis, a Nine Key Element Plan, or other restoration work, education and outreach and more. If specific recommendations exist for this water, they will be displayed below online.
Monitoring the condition of a river, stream, or lake includes gathering physical, chemical, biological, and habitat data. Comprehensive studies often gather all these parameters in great detail, while lighter assessment events will involve sampling physical, chemical and biological data such as macroinvertebrates. Aquatic macroinvertebrates and fish communities integrate watershed or catchment condition, providing great insight into overall ecosystem health. Chemical and habitat parameters tell researchers more about human induced problems including contaminated runoff, point source dischargers, or habitat issues that foster or limit the potential of aquatic communities to thrive in a given area. Wisconsin's Water Monitoring Strategy was recenty updated.
Grants and Management Projects
|Project Name (Click for Details)||Year Started|
|WBIC||Official Waterbody Name||Station ID||Station Name||Earliest Fieldwork Date||Latest Fieldwork Date||View Station||View Data|
|2356200||Lake Four||10005380||Lake Four||8/7/2001||8/19/2017||Map||Data|
|2356100||Unnamed||553140||Un Creek - Lake Four Outlet Stream at Cth D||5/17/1999||8/25/1999||Map||Data|
Lake Four is located in the Holcombe Flowage watershed which is 170.38 mi². Land use in the watershed is primarily forest (53.90%), wetland (23.30%) and a mix of open (9.10%) and other uses (13.70%). This watershed has 216.07 stream miles, 6,687.77 lake acres and 19,889.41 wetland acres.
Nonpoint Source Characteristics
This watershed is ranked Not Ranked for runoff impacts on streams, Medium for runoff impacts on lakes and Low for runoff impacts on groundwater and therefore has an overall rank of Low. This value can be used in ranking the watershed or individual waterbodies for grant funding under state and county programs.However, all waters are affected by diffuse pollutant sources regardless of initial water quality. Applications for specific runoff projects under state or county grant programs may be pursued. For more information, go to surface water program grants.