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Wisconsin Natural Resources magazine

Wisconsin Natural Resources magazine

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Know your Wisconsin shorebirds
North American shorebirds comprise five families of mostly sandpipers and plovers with oystercatchers, avocets, stilts, and the very rare Northern Jacana. There are 214 shorebird species worldwide, of which 62 North American species are depicted in The Sibley Guide to Birds by David Allen Sibley. Fifty of these birds regularly occur or breed in various U.S. states, 36 (72 percent) occur in Wisconsin, ranging from common to casual occurrence, and an additional five species are considered accidental. Wisconsin's 41 shorebird species are listed below, along with their classification.

* Rare – published reports average eight or fewer yearly records.
** Casual – published reports average one record every 3-5 years.
*** Accidental – reported 1-7 times during the 20th century.
e – State endangered species
Species Breeding Migrating Wintering
(Family: Charadriidae) Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola) X
Lesser Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica) X
Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)*** X
Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus) X
Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)*e X X
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus) X X X
(Family: Recurvirostridae) Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)*** X
American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana)* (715) 274-5123 X
(Family: Scolopacidae) Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca) X
Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) X
Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria) X
Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus) X
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia) X X
Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda) X X
Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)* X
Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)*** X
Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica) X
Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa) X
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) X
Black Turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala)*** X
Red Knot (Calidris canutus) X
Sanderling (Calidris alba) X
Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla) (715) 385-2727 X
Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri)** X
Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla) X
White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis) X
Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii) X
Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos) X
Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima)* X
Dunlin (Calidris alpina) X
Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea)*** X
Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus) X
Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis)* X
Ruff (exotic) (Philomachus pugnax)* X
Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus) X
Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus) X
Common snipe (Gallinago gallinago) X X X
American woodcock (Scolopax minor) X X X
Wilson's Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) X X
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) X
Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicaria)** X

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