Watershed - Fond du Lac River (UF03)
Fond du Lac River Watershed

Details

The Fond du Lac River watershed is located primarily in Fond du Lac County, but extends north to the southeast corner of Winnebago County along the western shore of Lake Winnebago. The watershed is 156,632 acres in size and contains 461 miles of streams and rivers, 991 acres of lakes and 16,649 acres of wetlands. The watershed is dominated by agriculture (66%), grasslands (12%) and wetlands (11%) and is ranked high for nonpoint source issues affecting streams and groundwater.

Date  2010

Population, Land Use

The watershed is dominated by agriculture (68%), wetlands (14%) and is ranked high for nonpoint source issues affecting streams and groundwater. Municipalities in the watershed include Fond du Lac, North Fond du Lac, Oakfield, Rosendale, and portions of Oshkosh. The Rosendale and Oakfield wastewater treatment facilities discharge into the watershed. Additionally, a number of industrial facilities also discharge into the watershed. There are large and growing urban areas in the watershed; however these currently only make up 3% of the watershed. Major urban areas in the watershed include large parts of the Cities of Fond du Lac and Oshkosh and a corridor along the lakeshore and U.S. Highway 41 between Oshkosh and Fond du Lac. Other urban areas in the watershed include North Fond du Lac, Oakfield, and Rosendale.

Date  2010

Ecological Landscapes for Fond du Lac River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Southeast Glacial Plains Ecological Landscape makes up the bulk of the non-coastal land area in southeast Wisconsin. This Ecological Landscape is made up of glacial till plains and moraines. Most of this Ecological Landscape is composed of glacial materials deposited during the Wisconsin Ice Age, but the southwest portion consists of older, pre-Wisconsin till with a more dissected topography. Soils are lime-rich tills overlain in most areas by a silt-loam loess cap. Agricultural and residential interests throughout the landscape have significantly altered the historical vegetation. Most of the rare natural communities that remain are associated with large moraines or in areas where the Niagara Escarpment occurs close to the surface. Historically, vegetation in the Southeast Glacial Plains consisted of a mix of prairie, oak forests and savanna, and maple-basswood forests. Wet-mesic prairies, southern sedge meadows, emergent marshes, and calcareous fens were found in lower portions of the Landscape. End moraines and drumlins supported savannas and forests. Agricultural and urban land use practices have drastically changed the land cover of the Southeast Glacial Plains since Euro-American settlement. The current vegetation is primarily agricultural cropland. Remaining forests occupy only about 10% of the land area and consist of maple-basswood, lowland hardwoods, and oak. No large mesic forests exist today except on the Kettle Interlobate Moraine which has topography too rugged for agriculture. Some existing forest patches that were formerly savannas have succeeded to hardwood forest due to fire suppression.

Date  2010

Fond du Lac River Watershed At-a-Glance

Impaired Water in Fond du Lac River Watershed
River and Stream QualityAll Waters in Watershed

The East Branch of the Fond du Lac River (WBIC 135900) begins in south central Fond du Lac County and flows northeasterly to its junction with the West Branch in the City of Fond du Lac. There is intense agriculture throughout much of the watershed. Runoff from plowed fields and barnyards and erosion of heavily grazed and exposed stream banks along the East Branch and its tributaries are adding tons of sediment and nutrients to the river and to Lake Winnebago. Critical soil erosion rate from agricultural lands has been estimated as being 6 tons per acre per year. The East Branch is the largest single sediment contributor to Lake Winnebago (Bruch, 1988).

Date  2010

Watershed Trout Streams
Watershed Outstanding & Exceptional Resources

Lakes and Impoundments

There are no named lakes in the Fond du Lac River watershed and only about 775 lake surface acres, according to the National Land Cover Dataset. Most of the lakes are small, shallow, man-made ponds or small impoundments of the numerous streams in the watershed.

Date  2010

Wetland Health

Wetland Status The Fond du Lac River watershed is located primarily in Fond du Lac County, but extends north to the southeast corner of Winnebago County along the western shore of Lake Winnebago. Wetlands compromise 9% of the current land uses in the watershed. It is estimated that about 28% of the original wetlands in the watershed currently exist. Of these wetlands, emergent wetlands (68%), which include wet meadows and marshes, and forested wetlands (19%) dominate the landscape. Wetland Condition Little is known about the condition of the remaining wetlands but estimates of reed canary grass infestations, an opportunistic aquatic invasive wetland plant, into different wetland types has been estimated based on satellite imagery. This information shows that reed canary grass dominates 87% of the existing emergent wetlands, which include wet meadows and marshes, and 9% of the remaining shrub wetlands. Reed Canary Grass domination inhibits successful establishment of native wetland species. Wetland Restorability Of the 38,677 acres of estimated lost wetlands in the watershed, approximately 68% are considered potentially restorable based on modeled data, including soil types, land use and land cover (Chris Smith, DNR, 2009).

Date  2010

Impaired Waters

A number of rivers and streams in the watershed are currently on Wisconsin’s impaired waters list as required by section 303(d) of the federal Clean Water Act. A majority of these suffer from low dissolved oxygen and degraded habitat due to nonpoint source pollution impairment. The Fond du Lac River has elevated levels of polychlorinated biphenols (PCBs) which results in contaminated fish tissue and chronic aquatic toxicity. A Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) has been developed for Parsons Creek and its unnamed east tributary. This TMDL was approved by EPA in 2007 but some additional refinements need to be done with regards to waste load allocations.

Date  2010

List of Impaired Waters

Groundwater

Groundwater use appears to be a serious concern in specific areas of the watershed, such as near Campground Creek. High capacity wells, such as those of the City of Fond du Lac and several area Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) may be having a significant impact on the flows of springs feeding steams. This needs to be extensively studied to develop water use determinations. Groundwater protection areas need to be formally identified for the springs that feed Campground Creek. The origin spring area of Campground Cr. is a major source of cold water for that area of the Creek and is important in that it has potential to meet cold trout water conditions. This needs to be protected and restored.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/27/2007
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: City Of Oshkosh Miller'S Bay Ais Control Project: The City of Oshkosh proposes to conduct an aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control project in Miller's Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago. Project deliverables will be chemical treatment of Miller's Bay in Mid-May to early June of 2008-2009.

As an enumeration in the FY 2008 State budget, the department of natural resources shall provide a $25,000 grant in fiscal year 2007?08 to the city of Oshkosh to fund aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control activities in Miller\FFFDs Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/27/2007
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: City Of Oshkosh Miller'S Bay Ais Control Project: The City of Oshkosh proposes to conduct an aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control project in Miller's Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago. Project deliverables will be chemical treatment of Miller's Bay in Mid-May to early June of 2008-2009.

As an enumeration in the FY 2008 State budget, the department of natural resources shall provide a $25,000 grant in fiscal year 2007?08 to the city of Oshkosh to fund aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control activities in Miller\FFFDs Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/21/2008
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: Miller'S Bay Apm Plan Development: The City of Oshkosh proposes to develop an Aquatic Plant Management (APM) Plan in 2008, which will focus on native plant protection and prevention, and control of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The project elements and deliverables are specified in the City of Oshkosh Invasive Species Control Grant application, dated February 1, 2008. The project includes using aquatic plant survey data generated by the consultant; determining the extent, distribution and density of Eurasian water-milfoil and any other AIS; preparing and developing an APM Plan consistent with DNR guidelines, including an AIS prevention and control plan; educating lake users of native plant protection and AIS prevention and control measures. The final report will include the City of Oshkosh Aquatic Plant Management Plan that conforms to guidance found in the DNR/UW-Extension publication, "Aquatic Plant Management in Wisconsin". If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/21/2008
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: Miller'S Bay Apm Plan Development: The City of Oshkosh proposes to develop an Aquatic Plant Management (APM) Plan in 2008, which will focus on native plant protection and prevention, and control of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The project elements and deliverables are specified in the City of Oshkosh Invasive Species Control Grant application, dated February 1, 2008. The project includes using aquatic plant survey data generated by the consultant; determining the extent, distribution and density of Eurasian water-milfoil and any other AIS; preparing and developing an APM Plan consistent with DNR guidelines, including an AIS prevention and control plan; educating lake users of native plant protection and AIS prevention and control measures. The final report will include the City of Oshkosh Aquatic Plant Management Plan that conforms to guidance found in the DNR/UW-Extension publication, "Aquatic Plant Management in Wisconsin". If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
5/25/1995
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Fond Du Lac County: Acq-Fond Du Lac County Camp Shaganappi Acquisition: Fond du Lac County shall participate in the Lake Protection Grant Program by purchasing 97.2 acres of land for public outdoor recreation purposes.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2012
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Calumet County: Winnebago Lake Project:
Calumet County is sponsoring a Large Scale Planning Grant associated to the Lake Winnebago System. This multi-phased project will involve, but not be limited to, the following work activities:

1) The review of all known plans / reports for the system. This review will result in the creation of a summary report detailing past work and identifying data gaps and or needs.
2) Establish a core team representative of the local stakeholders (possibly including fisherman, sporting groups, farmers, recreational boaters, county staff, DNR Resource Biologists, etc.)
3) Meet with and survey stakeholders, as identified by Core Team, on issues of importance to stakeholders.
a. Conduct a minimum of three citizen surveys.
b. Conduct a minimum of two focused discussion groups.
c. Conduct a minimum of four public input meetings.
4) County to host one educational meeting in December 2012 with Calumet County farmers regarding soil erosion, farming practices, programs and funding which can help minimize sedimentation into Lake Winnebago.
5) County (consultant) will sponsor a meeting in January 2013 regarding pollutant trading and other water quality matters.
6) Submit a preliminary Draft Report of County inventory, plan/report summaries, and phase 1 of stakeholder survey findings no later than February 1, 2013.
7) Submit a comprehensive Draft Report of project findings to County no later than November 15, 2013.
8) Submit a Final Report by December 31 of 2013.
a. Final Report will include:
i. Stakeholder priority list (water resource needs / problems).
ii. Recommendations on solutions to water resource issues
iii. Recommendations for future planning, studies and management actions


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2013
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Winnebago Lakes Council, Inc.: Lake Winnebago Planning: The Winnebago Lakes Council is sponsoring a Lake Planning Grant on Lake Winnebago. This long term planning project for a Lake Winnebago Action Plan will prepare the region for coordinated, long term, comprehensive management to ensure the entire Winnebago System continues to be a positive asset to the local communities. The planning effort will also explore options for system-wide coordination of local, state and federal governments and organizations.

Project activities: 1) Develop a communications and outreach strategy for lake system information and news in the region; 2) Ensure that citizen engagement started in phase I continues and grows; 3) Develop strategy to meet public needs/desires for information and government needs for educating the public; 4) Solicit and support responses by local and state governments; 5) Engage government to acknowledge public comments collected in Phase I and formulate coordinated and consistent actions and communications; 6) Engage government to address gaps in planning and information identified in Phase I; 7) Define \201Ccooperative management\201D for Lake Winnebago; 8) Review systems for coordination and management used in other large, multi-jurisdictional public resource areas, and evaluate their potential application to Lake Winnebago; 9) Educate public officials and citizens about the possible options, and measure their support for the general concept and specific approaches
(See "comments" for deliverables.)


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
3/23/1994
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Winnebago Property Owners Association: Lake Winnebago Existing Data Consolidation & Education Dev: Create an inventory of active Lake Winnebago organizations; consolidate existing data and research; develop public education strategies; develop newletter.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1997
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Fond Du Lac: Lake Winnebago Stormwater Exfiltrat. Stdy/Bp Monitoring: The City of Fond Du Lac proposes to do a stormwater study and bypass monitoring on Lake Winnebago. This project will identify potential sources of stormwater exfiltration from storm sewers into sanitary sewers, evaluate alternatives and recommend ways to alleviate the problem. Some of the activities included in this grant will include: 1) review stormwater pumping station plans and storm sewer system plans, 2) field viewing and structural reviews of storm sewer systems, 3) analysis and monitoring of pump station and storm sewer system capacities and water quality monitoring during at least two bypass events, 4) evaluate and recommend alternative improvements. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public by newspaper articles, an Engineering Feasibility Study Report mailings and public meeting(s).


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1997
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Menasha: Lake Winnebago Menasha Residential Channel Water Quality: The City of Manasha proposes to conduct a historic water study as well as study the current conditions of the navigation channels in Menasha that lead to Lake Winnebago. The activities will include the following: 1) collect historical data, 2) collect current data and show correlation to water level changes, dam operation, and analyze other water characteristics of both the channel waters and lake water, 3) identify algae management strategies and implementation plans for the viable strategies. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public by newspaper articles and public meeting(s).


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Lake Poygan Sportsman'S Club: Winnebago Remote Sensing & Trophic Monitoring Project: The Lake Poygan Sportsman Club proposes to conduct Remote Sensing Analysis on the Lake Winnebago System The product of this grant component will be a database of physical and chemical parameters to include total phosphorous, Chlorophyll a, Suspended solids; Volatile suspended solids, nitrate-nitrite, and Kjeldahl nitrogen. Eight sampling events will be scheduled to correspond with satellite flyovers. The PSC is sponsoring one year of lab analysis of water samples and travel expenses to conduct the lake appraisals on Winnebago, Winneconne, Poygan and Butte Des Mort.

This project is a component of a larger partnership with UW-Madison remote Sensing Lab, NASA, and the Green Bay Metropolitan Sewer District that will develop a software toolkit for the regional and local application of remote sensing technology. This application may involve the appraisal of trophic conditions within the lakes using satellite imaging, tracking aquatic vegetation coverage, and guiding lake use during bloom conditions.

AMENDMENT #1: Additional objectives will include the printing and distribution of a recently completed Lake Winnegago System Water Quality Report. This report integrates with the remote sensing project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2004
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Lake Poygan Sportsman'S Club: Lake Winnebago Remote Sensing/Trophic Monitoring Ph 3: The Lake Poygan Sportsman's Club proposes to conduct a project that is an integrated appraisal of lake water quality, to include:

1. Database including phosphorous, Chla,suspended solids, volatile suspended solids, nitrite-nitrate and Kjeldahl N. Eight sampling events at approx 8 station will generate the data. Lakes Winnebago, Winneconne, Butte des Morts and Poygan will be included.
2. The integration of the data will occur in conjunction with the development of satellite imagery, as produced by UW-Madison, Remote Sensing Group


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2012
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Calumet County: Winnebago Lake Project:
Calumet County is sponsoring a Large Scale Planning Grant associated to the Lake Winnebago System. This multi-phased project will involve, but not be limited to, the following work activities:

1) The review of all known plans / reports for the system. This review will result in the creation of a summary report detailing past work and identifying data gaps and or needs.
2) Establish a core team representative of the local stakeholders (possibly including fisherman, sporting groups, farmers, recreational boaters, county staff, DNR Resource Biologists, etc.)
3) Meet with and survey stakeholders, as identified by Core Team, on issues of importance to stakeholders.
a. Conduct a minimum of three citizen surveys.
b. Conduct a minimum of two focused discussion groups.
c. Conduct a minimum of four public input meetings.
4) County to host one educational meeting in December 2012 with Calumet County farmers regarding soil erosion, farming practices, programs and funding which can help minimize sedimentation into Lake Winnebago.
5) County (consultant) will sponsor a meeting in January 2013 regarding pollutant trading and other water quality matters.
6) Submit a preliminary Draft Report of County inventory, plan/report summaries, and phase 1 of stakeholder survey findings no later than February 1, 2013.
7) Submit a comprehensive Draft Report of project findings to County no later than November 15, 2013.
8) Submit a Final Report by December 31 of 2013.
a. Final Report will include:
i. Stakeholder priority list (water resource needs / problems).
ii. Recommendations on solutions to water resource issues
iii. Recommendations for future planning, studies and management actions


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2013
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Winnebago Lakes Council, Inc.: Lake Winnebago Planning: The Winnebago Lakes Council is sponsoring a Lake Planning Grant on Lake Winnebago. This long term planning project for a Lake Winnebago Action Plan will prepare the region for coordinated, long term, comprehensive management to ensure the entire Winnebago System continues to be a positive asset to the local communities. The planning effort will also explore options for system-wide coordination of local, state and federal governments and organizations.

Project activities: 1) Develop a communications and outreach strategy for lake system information and news in the region; 2) Ensure that citizen engagement started in phase I continues and grows; 3) Develop strategy to meet public needs/desires for information and government needs for educating the public; 4) Solicit and support responses by local and state governments; 5) Engage government to acknowledge public comments collected in Phase I and formulate coordinated and consistent actions and communications; 6) Engage government to address gaps in planning and information identified in Phase I; 7) Define \201Ccooperative management\201D for Lake Winnebago; 8) Review systems for coordination and management used in other large, multi-jurisdictional public resource areas, and evaluate their potential application to Lake Winnebago; 9) Educate public officials and citizens about the possible options, and measure their support for the general concept and specific approaches
(See "comments" for deliverables.)


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Fond Du Lac County: Lake Winnebago Planning: In the last few years, Lake Winnebago has experienced greatly improved water clarity which has resulted in a large increase in aquatic plant density. As a result, lake stakeholders are upset and educational outreach is necesary to help people understand why lake conditions are changing. Fond du Lac County is currently engaged in identifying potential stakeholder groups in preparation for developing a lake management plan. They have also hired a lake coordinator who is developing educational materials and media sites to share information and bring stakeholders together.

Specific deliverable project outcomes are as follows: 1. Creation of a data base for use by stakeholders, 2. Creation of a media site to distribute informaiton, 3. Creation of a Lake Winnebago group comprised of a core group of stakeholders pulled from DNR, ACOE, boaters and other users of the lake, 4. Develop and provide publications and educational resoures to stakeholders and the public.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2002
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Channel Preservation Assn: Winnebago Channel Apm Plan: The Channel Preservation Assn proposes to develop an Aquatic Management Plan for "the channels" of Lake Winnebago. The project deliverables will include (1) review of plant management alternatives relative to the channel; (2) two distinct surveys of plants conducted in June and August, 2003, by rake survey methodology, and include an apppraisal report; (3) a public participation session with a report on significant public input events; and (4) develop srategies for the management of the nuisance plant conditions while preserving tghe functional and structural habitat value of this backwater complex . This could include land or water strategies. A final report will be developed and shared with the DNR.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2004
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Lake Poygan Sportsman'S Club: Winnebago Lakes Council Organizational Development: The Lake Poygan Sportsman's Club will conduct a project that is directed to organizational development of a Winnebago Council, to include:

1. Awareness and educational actions by designated staff.
2. Developing and nourishing community contacts
3. Establishment of a Lakes Council board

These actions will be summarized within a final report that includes recommendations for future actions.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Fond Du Lac County: Lake Winnebago Planning: In the last few years, Lake Winnebago has experienced greatly improved water clarity which has resulted in a large increase in aquatic plant density. As a result, lake stakeholders are upset and educational outreach is necesary to help people understand why lake conditions are changing. Fond du Lac County is currently engaged in identifying potential stakeholder groups in preparation for developing a lake management plan. They have also hired a lake coordinator who is developing educational materials and media sites to share information and bring stakeholders together.

Specific deliverable project outcomes are as follows: 1. Creation of a data base for use by stakeholders, 2. Creation of a media site to distribute informaiton, 3. Creation of a Lake Winnebago group comprised of a core group of stakeholders pulled from DNR, ACOE, boaters and other users of the lake, 4. Develop and provide publications and educational resoures to stakeholders and the public.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Urban Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Mosher Creek
Status
Complete

Village Of North Fond Du Lac: Mosher Creek Rehabilitation - Phase Ii: to cost-share @70% completion of Mosher Creek rehabilitation project.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Mosher Creek
Status
Complete

Village Of North Fond Du Lac: Mosher Creek Rehabilitation: to cost-share @50% design & construction of streambank restoration project


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
9/15/2004
Waters Involved
East Branch Fond Du Lac River
Status
Complete

City Of Fond Du Lac: Stormwater Planning Activities: development of a storm water management plan, to include creation of stormwater, erosion & illicit discharge control ordinances, mapping, assessment of alternative practice installations, and creation of a municipal storm water utility.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
1/1/2008
Waters Involved
Fond Du Lac River
Status
Complete

City Of Fond Du Lac: Swppps For Municipal Bldgs: To cost-share development of storm water management plans for the City's five municipal facilities.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Fond du Lac River Watershed

Goals

9/23/2010
• Monitor highest priority waters to develop a clear understanding of overall water conditions, pollutant loads, and reduction goals. • Prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species in the watershed. • Identify and reduce sediment and nutrient loads from agricultural and urban sources. • Identify opportunities for wetland restoration and reestablishment.

Priorities

9/23/2010
Issues of concern in the watershed include: • Sediment and nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorus) delivery to waterbodies. • Impacts of aquatic invasive species. • Continued urbanization of the watershed. Erosion from road construction and commercial and residential con­struction sites delivers significant amounts of sediment to surface waters. • Water quality and habitat problems from specific agricultural practices. • Barnyards adjacent to streams • grazing and trampling of stream banks • fall tillage practices appear to be the main problems • A number of concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are located in the watershed (Appendix).
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Dam Safety or Removal
 
Date
Status
The poor habitat downstream from Rose Eld Road should be restored. It was heavily ditched in the past, which has had a negative impact on the biota. Also, there was a small dam upstream from the Mascoutin Valley State Trail that could be a boundary for fish migration. There is also an impoundment downstream from State Highway 23 in Rosendale that is a clear boundary to fish migration. The removal of this dam could allow seasonal migration of game fish like northern pike to move all the way to the wetland upstream from the Village Park for spawning.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Dam Safety or Removal
 
Date
Status
The dam on the West Branch of the Fond du Lac River in the hamlet of Eldorado should be inspected and owner­ship issues should be resolved.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Habitat Restoration - Instream
 
Date
Status
Instream habitat in Parsons Creek, specifically Hobbs Woods County Park, should be restored and improved to support trout populations.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Habitat Restoration - Upland
 
Date
Status
The wooded area near the Mascoutin Valley State Trail should be maintained as a green corridor to protect the high water quality conditions of this part of Rosendale Creek.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Fond du Lac
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Winnebago
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Targeted Area
 
Date
Status
Additional water quality monitoring data should be collected to develop a clearer picture of the overall water quality of the East and West Branch of the Fond du Lac river. In particular, total phosphorus, suspended solids, and macroinvertebrate data should be collected so that effective management strategies can be developed.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor Targeted Area
 
Date
Status
Proposed targeted monitoring is recommended to address elevated temperatures and degraded habitat. Water quality conditions should be compared to state standards to determine whether the creek should be included on Wisconsin’s impaired waters list.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Seaplane East TP
Date
Status
2012 - 2013 TP: Insuf Data: Prelim Result-Clearly Exceeds. WBIC: 132400 (entire stream). Station: 10037663. Potential TP listing in 2020.
5/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor and/or Protect Groundwater, Sourcewater
 
Date
Status
Groundwater protection areas need to be formally identified for the springs that feed Campground Creek.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor and/or Protect Groundwater, Sourcewater
 
Date
Status
Groundwater Protection Areas need to be formally identified for the springs that feed Parsons Creek and the un­named tributary.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor and/or Protect Groundwater, Sourcewater
 
Date
Status
Groundwater use appears to be a serious concern. High capacity wells, such as those of the City of Fond du Lac and several area Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) may be having a significant impact on the flows of springs feeding steams. This needs to be extensively studied to develop water use determinations.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor or Assess Watershed Condition
Anderson Creek 303d Assessment
Date
Status
Compile existing data from databases. No new montoring data. Anderson Creek (WBIC 133300, assessment unit 10987)
7/1/2011
Cancelled
Projects
 
Monitor or Assess Watershed Condition
Mosher Creek 303d Assessment
Date
Status
Compile existing data from databases. No new montoring data. Mosher Creek (WBIC 133500, assessment unit 18156).
7/1/2011
Cancelled
Projects
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
Mosher Creek 303d Monitoring
Date
Status
Mosher Creek (WBIC 133500, assessment unit 18156) 303d monitoring
7/1/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
Anderson Creek 303d Monitoring
Date
Status
Anderson Creek, WBIC 133300, assessment unit 10987
7/1/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor or Propose 303(d) Listing
 
Date
Status
Elevated Temperatures, Degraded Habitat - TMDL prepared from field work during summer months
11/14/2007
Verify
Projects
 
Monitor or Propose ORW or ERW
 
Date
Status
The high quality portion of Rosendale Creek near the Mascoutin Valley State Trail has the potential to be classi­fied as an Exceptional Resource Water. Monitoring and evaluation should continue to determine if the segment should be nominated for this designation.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Monitor or Propose ORW or ERW
 
Date
Status
Rosendale Trib. Section III Stretch of Trib. is requested for inclusion as an ERW.
1/1/2006
Verify
Projects
 
Protect Headwaters and Springs
 
Date
Status
The origin spring area of Campground Creek is a major source of cold water for that area of the Creek and is important in that it has potential to meet cold trout water conditions. This needs to be protected and restored.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Protect Headwaters and Springs
 
Date
Status
The groundwater pressure that supplies the springs in the high quality area near the Mascoutin Valley State trail should be maintained and the confining layer that creates this pressure should not be punctured by things like construction.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Protect Headwaters and Springs
 
Date
Status
Ensure groundwater pressure that works the springs to Section III be maintained -- ensure that confining layer above the ledge is not punctured during any construction.
1/1/2006
Verify
Projects
 
Protect Riparian or Shorelands
 
Date
Status
Ensure that the wooded area adjacent to, and above, Site R6 be maintained as a green corridor so the high quality conditions that were found there can be continued.
1/1/2006
Verify
Projects
 
Restore Hydrology, Morphology
 
Date
Status
The main wetland complex in the Campground Creek sub-watershed needs to be studied and restored to a natural stream channel. Many useful cold springs enter the wetland but are warmed extensively in the summer. Much of this does not appear to be a natural condition and has been the result of man-made modifications such as mining peat in the wetland.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Restore Hydrology, Morphology
 
Date
Status
Section III has significant problems. The ditched area below E. Rose Bd. Rd. resulted in very poor habitat with little conditions for quality macroinvertebrates or quality fishery. There was a small dam in Site R6 that could have been a boundary for fish migration. Also, the impoundment above Site R5 was a clear boundary to fish migration. A restoration of the habitat in the ditched area at and below Site R8 and elimination of the impoundment would result in a seasonal potential classification of WWGF in Sections II and III and could provide migration in the spring to the wetland area above the Village of Rosendale.
1/1/2006
Verify
Projects
 
Standards or Variance Review
 
Date
Status
The unnamed tributary that enters Parsons Creek and the upper part of Hobbs Woods contains a dense popula­tion of the stonefly Clioperla clio. The cold water of the tributary and the uniqueness of this biota are important to protect. This tributary subwatershed contains quarries that have the potential to reduce flow and negatively modify temperatures. It is necessary that temperature limits be established for these quarries.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
TMDL Implementatoin
 
Date
Status
An implementation plan for Parsons Creek should be developed and implemented to remove the Creek from the 303(d) impaired waters list.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
TMDL Implementatoin
Parsons Creek TMDL
Date
Status
The Parsons Creek watershed has a TMDL developed to address the sources of impairments. A thorough water­shed inventory should be completed to determine with more specificity the sources of pollution.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Trout Classification Mgmt
 
Date
Status
Parsons Creek is classified as a Class I to Class II trout stream. At present it does not sufficiently support a significant and/or reproducing brook trout population due to extensive habitat modifications and wetland degradation. Habitat improvements and wetland restoration projects should be undertaken to improve conditions.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Wastewater Monitoring, Management
 
Date
Status
The Village of Rosendale Wastewater Treatment Facility discharge should remain downstream from the high qual­ity area that is near the Mascoutin Valley State Trail.
10/8/2010
Proposed
 
Wastewater Monitoring, Management
 
Date
Status
The WWTF discharge remain below the high quality area of Site R6 (preferably that it stays in the area it is in between Sites R7 and R8 (see Reif, 2006).
1/1/2006
Verify
Projects
 
Fond du Lac River WatershedWater Plans and PartnershipsRead the Watershed Plan

Date  2011

Watershed History Note

The Fond du Lac River watershed drains the western portion of the City of Fond du Lac, at the southern tip of Lake Winnebago. The historical Octogon House can be found here. The site of the house was part of a Native American village in the early 1800s. It was originally on the banks of the Fond du Lac River, but the river has been rerouted since then and so no longer flows past the building. In 1956, Isaac Brown, a carpenter and trader with the Native Americans, grew concerned about his safety, so he built an Orson Fowler-designed eight-sided house which was designed for hiding. The house was a wedding gift to Isaac's son, Edwin Brown and his bride, Ruth Pier. It was their home until his death in the battle of Antietam in 1862. The house contained secret passageways, and a tunnel was built between the house and a woodshed. This tunnel and woodshed were later used to hide slaves as they made their way north to safety on the Underground Railway. Although the house was placed on the National Register of historic places in 1972, it was just days away from demolition when a private buyer placed a bid on the house and saved it from being destroyed. Marlene Hansen and her family have restored the house, and it is open for private tours.

Date  2010