Watershed - Wolf River - Langlade and Evergreen Rive (WR18)
Wolf River - Langlade and Evergreen Rive Watershed

Details

The Wolf River/Langlade and Evergreen Rivers Watershed is in north central Menominee and eastern Langlade Counties covering 147 square miles. The watershed includes the Wolf River from the mouth of the Evergreen River in Menominee County, north to below the mouth of the Lily River in Langlade County. The entire stretch of the Wolf River above the Menominee County line is included in Chapter NR 102, Wisconsin Administrative Code, as an Outstanding Resource Water. This watershed has generally good water quality. The problems associated with the heavy recreational use on the Wolf River and the natural impacts of beaver activity are the main concerns. The mainstem Wolf River flows for 33 miles through this watershed. The Wolf River downstream from the Village of Lily is a favorite attraction for canoeing, float trips and other recreational activities. Its heavy use has created some problems with immediate bank damage, compaction and littering. The Town of Wolf River has begun to address some of these problems by prohibiting disposable containers on the Wolf River. The Evergreen River extends for 20 miles through Langlade and Menominee counties. The river is a Class I trout stream. In Langlade County, the watershed is about 60 percent wooded or wild; in Menominee, nearly 100 percent is wooded or wild. As with most streams in this watershed, the Evergreen River is affected by intense beaver activity. As a result, Antigo fish management staff conducted beaver control projects in the Langlade county reach in 1993. The Evergreen River State Fishery Area is located here with 80-90 percent of the shoreline in state ownership.

Date  2001

Nonpoint and Point Sources

The only point source discharger in the Wolf River/Langlade and Evergreen Rivers Watershed is the Village of White Lake.

Date  2001

Ecological Landscapes for Wolf River - Langlade and Evergreen Rive Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Wolf River - Langlade and Evergreen Rivers watershed is located in two ecological landscapes: the Forest Transition Ecological Landscape is found in the southern two thirds of the watershed and the North Central Forest Ecological Landscape is found in the northern portion. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone. The North Central Forest Ecological Landscape occupies much of the northern third of Wisconsin. Its landforms are characterized by end and ground moraines with some pitted outwash and bedrock controlled areas. Kettle depressions and steep ridges are found in the northern portion. Two prominent areas in this Ecological Landscape are the Penokee-Gogebic Iron Range in the north extending into Michigan, and Timm's Hill, the highest point in Wisconsin (1,951 feet) in the south. Soils consist of sandy loam, sand, and silts. The vegetation is mainly forest, with many wetlands and some agriculture, though the growing season is not as favorable as it is in southern Wisconsin. Lake Superior greatly influences the northern portion of the Ecological Landscape especially during the winter season, producing greater snowfall than in most areas in Wisconsin. The historic vegetation was primarily hemlock-hardwood forest dominated by hemlock, sugar maple, and yellow birch. There were some smaller areas of white and red pine forest scattered throughout the Ecological Landscape, and individual white pines trees were a component of the hemlock-hardwood forest. Harvesting hemlock to support the tanneries was common at the turn of the century, and the species soon became a minor component of forests due to over-harvesting and lack of regeneration. Currently, forests cover approximately 80% of this Ecological Landscape. The northern hardwood forest is dominant, made up of sugar maple, basswood, and red maple, and also including some scattered hemlock and white pine pockets within stands. The aspen-birch forest type group is also relatively abundant, followed by spruce-fir. A variety of wetland community types also are present, both forested and non-forested.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Clean Boats, Clean Waters
Date
2/15/2016
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Association Of White Lake, Inc: Lake Association Of White Lake Inc. 2016 Clean Boats Clean Waters: The Lake Association of White Lake Inc. is sponsoring a Clean Boats Clean Waters project in 2016 at one public boat landing on White Lake.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2002
Waters Involved
Lawrence Lake
Status
Complete

Langlade County: Acq-Langlade County-Lawrence Lake Acquisition: Langlade County shall participate in the Lakes Protection Program by purchasing approximately 320 acres of land including frontage on Lawrence Lake.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1996
Waters Involved
Wolf River
Status
Complete

Wolf River Preservation Association: Wolf River Watershed Management Planning - Phase 2: The Wolf River Preservation Association proposes to continue watershed management planning activities. Phase 2 project activities include continuing water quality monitoring, conducting a recreational use survey, continuing to assess erosional areas, continuing to identify exotic species, and preparation of a report summarizing the data collected and analyses performed. The sponsor will provide the Department of Natural Resources with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the report. Information about the results of phase 2 activities will be disseminated to the public by newsletter, fact sheet, public meeting, and local newspaper article.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Wolf River - Langlade and Evergreen Rive Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
 
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
4/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Menominee
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Oconto
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Wolf River - Langlade and Evergreen Rive WatershedWatershed History Note