Watershed - Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek (WR12)
Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek Watershed

Details

The Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek Watershed is in west central Outagamie County and covers 145 square miles. This watershed includes 25 miles of the Mainstem Wolf River from the confluence with the Shioc River to the City of New London. The watershed ranked medium for streams and lakes, and low for groundwater under the Nonpoint Source Priority Watershed selection process. The Bear Creek subwatershed would be a good candidate for a small-scale priority watershed project.

Date  2001

Nonpoint and Point Sources

There are four industrial point source dischargers and three municipal point source dischargers in this watershed: Village of Hortonville, Village of Shiocton, Stephensville Sanitary District No. 1, Galloway West Co. Inc., Karl H. Peters Poultry Dressing, Larsen Company (DeanFoods), and Bush Brothers Company Inc.

Date  1996

Ecological Landscapes for Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek Watershed is located primarily within the Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape which stretches from southern Door County west across Green Bay to the Wolf River drainage, then southward in a narrowing strip along the Lake Michigan shore to central Milwaukee County. Owing to the influence of Lake Michigan in the eastern part of this landscape, summers there are cooler, winters warmer, and precipitation levels greater than at locations farther inland. Dolomites and shales underlie the glacial deposits that blanket virtually all of the Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape. The dolomite Niagara Escarpment is the major bedrock feature, running across the entire landscape from northeast to southwest. Series of dolomite cliffs provide critical habitat for rare terrestrial snails, bats, and specialized plants. The primary glacial landforms are ground moraine, outwash, and lakeplain. The topography is generally rolling where the surface is underlain by ground moraine, variable over areas of outwash, and nearly level where lacustrine deposits are present. Important soils include clays, loams, sands, and gravels. Certain landforms, such as sand spits, clay bluffs, beach and dune complexes, and ridge and swale systems, are associated only with the shorelines of Lake Michigan and Green Bay. Historically, most of this landscape was vegetated with mesic hardwood forest composed primarily of sugar maple, basswood, and beech. Hemlock and white pine were locally important, but hemlock was generally restricted to cool moist sites near Lake Michigan. Areas of poorly drained glacial lakeplain supported wet forests of tamarack, white cedar, black ash, red maple, and elm, while the Wolf and Embarrass Rivers flowed through extensive floodplain forests of silver maple, green ash, and swamp white oak. Emergent marshes and wet meadows were common in and adjacent to lower Green Bay, while Lake Michigan shoreline areas featured beaches, dunes, interdunal wetlands, marshes, and highly diverse ridge and swale vegetation. Small patches of prairie and oak savanna were present in the southwestern portion of this landscape.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Black Otter Creek
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Drawdown & Clp/Ewm Control Project: The Black Otter Lake District proposes to control Curly-leaf pondweed (CLP) and Eurasian water-milfoil (EWM) through a drawdown, chemical treatment, hand removal, and preventative measures in Black Otter Lake during the period 2009 - 2011. The project elements and deliverables are specified in Black Otter Lake Districts' Aquatic Invasive Species Grant application, dated August 1, 2008. The project includes monitoring the extent and density of CLP and EWM annually through pre-treatment and post-treatment surveys of known infested areas, and monitoring other lake areas for the presence of aquatic invasive species (AIS); treating EWM infested areas with an aquatic herbicide; conducting hand-removal of CLP and EWM; water quality monitoring, and conducting volunteer activities to prevent further AIS infestations, including conducting watercraft inspections. Watercraft inspection records will be entered into the State's online Watercraft Inspection Database. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the five-year project will be provided to DNR.

If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
4/1/2013
Waters Involved
Black Otter Creek
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Ais Control: Black Otter Lake District proposes to continue to educate the public and manage aquatic invasive species (AIS) in Black Otter Lake. Specifically, Black Otter Lake District will:
1. **9** Annually assess the aquatic plant community utilizing early-season and fall aquatic invasive species surveys and summer point-intercept surveys following DNR protocols.
2. **9** Control AIS using early-season chemical treatments and hand-pulling.
3. **9** Educate the public on AIS prevention activities utilizing the Clean Boats/Clean Waters Program, Hortonville High School students to conduct AIS surveys, use of trail-style cameras at the public launch, and installation of informational kiosks at the major access points of the lake. Volunteer AIS monitoring results will be entered into SWIMS.
4. **9** Plant emergent plant species and conduct other habitat improvement projects in the lake.
5. **9** Generate annual project reports with a summary of education and control activities, survey results, as well as recommendations for the following year.
The project elements and deliverables are specified in the grant application materials submitted to the Department dated February 1, 2013.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/1/2008
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Drawdown & Clp/Ewm Control Project: The Black Otter Lake District proposes to control Curly-leaf pondweed (CLP) and Eurasian water-milfoil (EWM) through a drawdown, chemical treatment, hand removal, and preventative measures in Black Otter Lake during the period 2009 - 2011. The project elements and deliverables are specified in Black Otter Lake Districts' Aquatic Invasive Species Grant application, dated August 1, 2008. The project includes monitoring the extent and density of CLP and EWM annually through pre-treatment and post-treatment surveys of known infested areas, and monitoring other lake areas for the presence of aquatic invasive species (AIS); treating EWM infested areas with an aquatic herbicide; conducting hand-removal of CLP and EWM; water quality monitoring, and conducting volunteer activities to prevent further AIS infestations, including conducting watercraft inspections. Watercraft inspection records will be entered into the State's online Watercraft Inspection Database. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the five-year project will be provided to DNR.

If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
4/1/2013
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Ais Control: Black Otter Lake District proposes to continue to educate the public and manage aquatic invasive species (AIS) in Black Otter Lake. Specifically, Black Otter Lake District will:
1. **9** Annually assess the aquatic plant community utilizing early-season and fall aquatic invasive species surveys and summer point-intercept surveys following DNR protocols.
2. **9** Control AIS using early-season chemical treatments and hand-pulling.
3. **9** Educate the public on AIS prevention activities utilizing the Clean Boats/Clean Waters Program, Hortonville High School students to conduct AIS surveys, use of trail-style cameras at the public launch, and installation of informational kiosks at the major access points of the lake. Volunteer AIS monitoring results will be entered into SWIMS.
4. **9** Plant emergent plant species and conduct other habitat improvement projects in the lake.
5. **9** Generate annual project reports with a summary of education and control activities, survey results, as well as recommendations for the following year.
The project elements and deliverables are specified in the grant application materials submitted to the Department dated February 1, 2013.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/2003
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Res-Black Otter Lake Aquatic Plant Restoration Project: Black Otter Lake District proposes to conduct an aquatic plant restoration project. A total of 6,300 plants will be planted in 2 inlet areas of Black Otter Lake, totaling an area of 5.1 acres. The project goals are 1) improve water quality of Black Otter Lake by removing excess nutrients, 2) stabilize shoreline and lake bottom, 3) filter sediments, 4) provide habitat for fish and wildlife, 5) discourage the growth of algae and other undesirable plants. A follow-up plant survey will be conducted within 3 years to measure project success.

The results will be provided to the Black Otter Lake District and Department of Natural Resources, both in hard copy and electronic form.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Black Otter Creek
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Survey/Analysis/Drawdown Planning Project: The Black Otter Lake District proposes to conduct a feasibility study and report for drawdown and update their existing management plan including the following:

1. **9** Complete bathymetric map (requires compliance with State standards for mapping)
2. **9** Complete qualitative analysis and depth profiles of lake sediments
3. **9** Develop drawdown scenarios and plans
4. **9** Complete updated management plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
12/20/1990
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake Prot & Rehabilitation Dist: Black Otter Comprehensive Lake Management Plan: Gather of physical, chemical and biological lake information which will include: 1) physical survey of the lake depth, area, contours, and hydraulic residence time, 2) chemical sampling as referenced in the project description of the application,3) biological inventory of aquatic plants. Investigation and assessment of several potential management options. Preparation of an up-to-date land use map for the lake's watershed, as described in the application. Description of current governmentaljurisdictional boundaries within the watershed, and their regulatory authority concerning lake use. Examine adequacy and propose changes if necessary. Gathering of sociological information including two public forums and a questionnaire. Preparation,printing, and dissemination of a final reportby newsletter mailings, fact sheet mailings, public meetings, local newspaper articles and poster displays. Project results will be reposited at Hortonville library and Hortonville Village Hall.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
9/28/1995
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake Prot & Rehabilitation Dist: Black Otter Lake Stormwater Management Assessment Study: Perform preliminary assessment of stormwater management options for land likely to be developed in the Village of Hortonville with drainage to Black Otter Lake.
1. Identify vacant and agricultural land in and adjacent to the village that has surface drainage to the lake and may be developed in the next five years.
2. Prepare an up-to-date base map of the area that includes existing land use, contours, and soil types, and provide a current air photo of the area.
3. Prepare a copy of the base map showing erosion control and stormwater best management practices most appropriate for the protection of the lake.
4. Prepare a final report including the results of tasks 1-3.
5. Disseminate project results to the publi by an entire report mailing.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Comprehensive Management Plan: Black Otter Lake District proposes to conduct a study on Black Otter Lake that will lead to the development of an up-to-date comprehensive lake management plan. The study will consist of a review of past management efforts, identify and prioritize present management needs, establish definable goals, and recommend and design strategies for lake improvement. Specifically, the project will study the lake ecology, physical and chemical characteristics of the lake and tributaries, and determine watershed influences.

A final report with survey results and recommendations will be provided to the Department of Natural Resources in both a paper copy and an electronic copy. Information will be disseminated to the public via informational meetings and newsletter mailings.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2007
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Survey/Analysis/Drawdown Planning Project: The Black Otter Lake District proposes to conduct a feasibility study and report for drawdown and update their existing management plan including the following:

1. **9** Complete bathymetric map (requires compliance with State standards for mapping)
2. **9** Complete qualitative analysis and depth profiles of lake sediments
3. **9** Develop drawdown scenarios and plans
4. **9** Complete updated management plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Comp. Watershed Assess.: Black Otter Lake District proposes to update the management plan for Black Otter Lake in Outagamie County. Specifaclly, Black Otter Lake District will 1) assess the water quality of Black Otter Lake during the growing season, 2) identify sources of nutrient inputs from the tributaries and near-shore areas of the watershed, 3) develop nutrient budgets to analyze nutrient and predict lake responses to changes in the watershed, and 4) use the knowledge gained by this study to develop a detailed report that identifies and prioritizes watershed management recommendations. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the grant application materials submitted to the Department of Natural Resources.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1996
Waters Involved
Wolf River
Status
Complete

Wolf River Preservation Association: Wolf River Watershed Management Planning - Phase 2: The Wolf River Preservation Association proposes to continue watershed management planning activities. Phase 2 project activities include continuing water quality monitoring, conducting a recreational use survey, continuing to assess erosional areas, continuing to identify exotic species, and preparation of a report summarizing the data collected and analyses performed. The sponsor will provide the Department of Natural Resources with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the report. Information about the results of phase 2 activities will be disseminated to the public by newsletter, fact sheet, public meeting, and local newspaper article.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2005
Waters Involved
Black Otter Creek
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Restoration Evaluation: The Black Otter Lake P&R District proposes to conduct a restoration evaluation on their lake. This evaluation will include a macrophyte restoration evaluation, aquatic pant treatment evaluation, and
a report on efficacy of macrophyte restoration evaluation, aquatic plant treatment evaluation with recommendations. See project description submitted with application materials for more information.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2005
Waters Involved
Black Otter Lake (Hortonville)
Status
Complete

Black Otter Lake P & R District: Black Otter Lake Restoration Evaluation: The Black Otter Lake P&R District proposes to conduct a restoration evaluation on their lake. This evaluation will include a macrophyte restoration evaluation, aquatic pant treatment evaluation, and
a report on efficacy of macrophyte restoration evaluation, aquatic plant treatment evaluation with recommendations. See project description submitted with application materials for more information.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2004
Waters Involved
Wolf River
Status
Complete

Outagamie County: Singler Rip Rap Project: to costshare at 70% landowner installation of bio engineering per Ch 30 permit #3-NE-2003-45-0041WL


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Urban Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Bear Creek
Status
Complete

Town Of Greenville: Country Meadows #2: to c-s land acquisition (@50%) and construction (@70%) of Project #2 at Country Meadows


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Urban Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Bear Creek
Status
Complete

Town Of Greenville: Nw Everglade Wetland Pond #4: to c-s land acquisition (@50%) and construction (@70%) of northwest everglade wetland pond (project #4)


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Urban Construction
Date
1/1/2003
Waters Involved
Bear Creek
Status
Complete

Town Of Greenville: South Everglade Wetland Pond #6: to cost-share land acquisition (@50%) and construction (@70%) of project #6, South Everglade Wetland Pond.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Outagamie
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Fish Tissue
Confirm FCA: IW pre-2000 data
Date
Status
241300 name Wolf River-Main Stem TMDL ID 617 Start Mile 65.58 End Mile 85.58
11/21/2011
Proposed
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Unnamed Trib to Bear Creek Biology mIBI
Date
Status
Only assessment result is "poor". Furthe monitoring recommended. AU: 5515771; Station ID: 10040711
5/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Black Otter Creek Biology
Date
Status
A 2nd AU may be needed to represent Black Otter Creek below Black Otter Lake. Keep as CWHW until an additional fish survey can provide any further justification for suggesting new NC. AU: 9788; Station ID: 10017318
5/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Water Quality or Sediment
Black Otter Creek Biology
Date
Status
A 2nd AU may be needed to represent Black Otter Creek below Black Otter Lake. Keep as CWHW until an additional fish survey can provide any further justification for suggesting new NC. AU: 6902218; Station ID: (station needs to be selected/created if further monitoring needed in this AU)
5/1/2018
Proposed
Projects
 
Wolf River - New London and Bear Creek WatershedWatershed History Note

The area now occupied by the Village of Hortonville, in the New London and Bear Creek Watershed, was once home to the Sac, Fox and Ho-Chunk peoples. European control of the area was first documented as part of the Northwest Territory in 1789 which was succeeded by the Wisconsin Territory in 1836. The Village was founded in 1848 when Alonzo E. Horton (1813-1909) purchased land from the Governor of Wisconsin for the price of seventy cents an acre. Several crews were hired to build a dam on Black Otter Creek, dig a mill race, clear the site for a mill, and lay the foundation for the mill. This created the 75-acre Black Otter Lake. In 1873, Hortonville was serviced by its first railroad and was also the site of one of the first match light factories in the world. In 1894, Hortonville was incorporated as a village. During World War II, a German Prisoner-of-War camp was established in Hortonville along County Hwy MM on the north side of the village. In 1981, the Hortonville Community Hall, also known as the Hortonville Opera House, was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Date  2011