Watershed - Pigeon River (WR10)
Pigeon River Watershed

Details

The Pigeon River Watershed lies in south central Shawano and north central Waupaca Counties and covers 115 square miles. This also includes 25 miles of the South Branch of the Pigeon River. The Winnebago Comprehensive Management Plan ranked the Pigeon River a high priority due to animal waste and soil erosion problems with a critical average soil loss rate of 3.7 tons per acre per year. The data search for the Wolf River Basin Plan indicated problems with excess vegetation, turbidity, and habitat degradation (Gansberg, 1993). The soils, geology and other physical resources in the watershed's northwest portion indicate it is highly susceptible to groundwater contamination by poor land use practices. Approximately 70 percent of the remaining land area is of medium susceptibility. A data search revealed no runoff-related groundwater contamination problems in this area

Date  2001

Nonpoint and Point Sources

Three industrial point source dischargers and two municipal point source dischargers are in this watershed: City of Clintonville, City of Marion, DuPont Cheese Factory, FWD Corporation, and Marion Plywood.

Date  1996

Ecological Landscapes for Pigeon River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Pigeon River Watershed is primarily covered by two ecological landscapes: the Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape and the Forest Transition Ecological Landscape. The Northern Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape is located in northeastern Wisconsin, and includes Green Bay and the northern part of the Door Peninsula. Its landforms consist of the Niagara escarpment, a prominent dolomite outcropping along the east side of Green Bay, a lacustrine plain along the west side of Green Bay, and ground moraine elsewhere. Low sand dunes and beach ridges that support Great Lakes endemics and many other rare species are found along the Great Lakes shoreline. The influence of Lake Michigan moderates extreme temperatures. Soils are very diverse; in some areas, lacustrine sands are found overlying clays or bedrock within only a few feet of the surface. In the Door Peninsula, soils are typically stony loamy sands to loams. Poorly drained sands are common in the lake plain or in depressions between dunes and beach ridges. On the western side of Green Bay, the ground moraine is composed mostly of moderately well drained, rocky sandy loams, interspersed with lacustrine sands and clays, and peat and muck also common. Historic vegetation included maple-basswood-beech forest, hemlock-hardwood forest, northern white cedar swamp, hardwood-conifer swamp, wet meadows, and coastal marshes. Conifer dominated upland forests that resemble the boreal forest were present along Lake Michigan; they contain a significant component of white spruce and balsam fir. Cliffs, sinkholes, and dolomite ledges are associated with the Niagara Escarpment. Current vegetation consists of more than 60% non-forested land, most of which is in agricultural crops, with smaller amounts of grassland, wetland, shrubland, and urbanized areas. Forested lands are dominated by maple-basswood, with smaller amounts of lowland hardwoods, aspen-birch, and lowland conifers. High quality areas of exposed alkaline bedrock beach occur on the northern Door Peninsula, providing habitat for many rare plants. Several islands lie off the Door Peninsula and these also provide critical habitat for rare species and colonially nesting birds. The Forest Transition Ecological Landscape lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
4/15/2015
Waters Involved
Marion Millpond
Status
Complete

City Of Marion: Marion Millpond Hwm Management: The City of Marion, is sponsoring an AIS control grant for the Marion Millpond, in Waupaca County. The goal of the project is to reduce to the maximum extent possible Hybrid EWM and CLP - AIS populations within the Millpond

This project will follow recommendations in the management plan to successfully control HWM levels with the following actions:
1. 1-foot drawdown prior to herbicide application to maintain contact time
2. Whole-lake endothall and 2,4-d application at 300/750 ppb, respectively
3. Residual herbicide monitoring \2013 schedule and locations in Attachment E
4. Full point-intercept plant surveys pre and post-treatment
5. Assist Golden Sands Clean Boats / Clean Waters program
6. Management report to quantify results, make future recommendations
7. 2016-2017 Over-winter, 6\2019 drawdown (if necessary)

This scope summarizes the project detail provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional lake coordinator.

Final plan needs Department review and approval.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
4/15/2015
Waters Involved
North Branch Pigeon River
Status
Complete

City Of Marion: Marion Millpond Hwm Management: The City of Marion, is sponsoring an AIS control grant for the Marion Millpond, in Waupaca County. The goal of the project is to reduce to the maximum extent possible Hybrid EWM and CLP - AIS populations within the Millpond

This project will follow recommendations in the management plan to successfully control HWM levels with the following actions:
1. 1-foot drawdown prior to herbicide application to maintain contact time
2. Whole-lake endothall and 2,4-d application at 300/750 ppb, respectively
3. Residual herbicide monitoring \2013 schedule and locations in Attachment E
4. Full point-intercept plant surveys pre and post-treatment
5. Assist Golden Sands Clean Boats / Clean Waters program
6. Management report to quantify results, make future recommendations
7. 2016-2017 Over-winter, 6\2019 drawdown (if necessary)

This scope summarizes the project detail provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional lake coordinator.

Final plan needs Department review and approval.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
7/1/2002
Waters Involved
Keller Lake
Status
Complete

Waupaca County: Acq-Keller Lake Land Acquisition: Waupaca County proposes to purchase 36 acres of unimproved property located adjacent to Keller Lake for conservancy purposes.

(The metes and bounds survey of this property indicates 57 acres of property, which includes acreage under Keller Lake: 21 acres. This entire purchase includes taking title of this 21 acres of lake bed. The valuation, however, does not include this 21 acres of lake bed because it has no value.)


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
9/1/1999
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake P & R District: Res-Pigeon Lake Easements & Shoreline Restoration: The Pigeon Lake Protection & Rehabilitation District proposes three demonstration projects to restore approximately 800 feet of shoreline within the City of Clintonville (Pickerel Park), restore approximately 100 feet of streambank along the Pigeon River, and purchase conservation easements in perpetuity along approximately two miles of agricultural land adjacent to Brandy Creek. These projects will also inlcude an information and education component designed to educate stakeholders within the Pigeon Lake Watershed regarding the purpose and effect of the proposed implementation activities. The projects will protect and improve the lake ecosystem for public use and enjoyment by reducing sediment and nutrient loading to the lake and improving riparian habitat.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/25/1993
Waters Involved
Keller Lake
Status
Complete

Waupaca: Keller Lake Management Planning: Assemble and review existing information on the lake and its watershed to determine what additional information needs to be obtained on water quality and land use nutrient imputs. Conduct water quality monitoring for parameters and on schedule as described in the application. Conduct aquatic plant survey.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2005
Waters Involved
Marion Millpond
Status
Complete

City Of Marion: Marion Millpond Appraisal & Lake Plan Project: The City of Marion proposes to conduct an appraisal of their millpond and develop a lake plan for the same. This project will include a complete Aquatic Plant Survey and Plan, preliminary watershed inventory, water quality monitoring and citizen involvement. The Aquatic Plant Management Plan will include an evaluation of water quality and potential sources of nutrient inputs for potential phase II projects. Local High School will be utilized, which will provide I and E efforts to the public. See project description submitted with application materials.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2014
Waters Involved
Michael Lake
Status
Complete

Cisco Chain Riparian Owners Assoc: West Bay Lake Management Planning Project: Cisco Chain Riparian Owners Association is sponsoring a large scale lake planning grant to study West Bay Lake, in Vilas County. The project will focus on developing a Lake Management Plan (LMP) for West Bay Lake.

Project activities include: 1) Stakeholder participation \2013 stakeholder survey, planning meetings (2-4), kick-off meeting, wrap-up meeting, news release(s), and newsletter article; 2) Summarize ongoing lake management work; 3) Water quality sampling and analysis; 4) Watershed assessment and nutrient load modeling; 5) Characterize biological communities and ecosystem interactions; 6) Shoreline assessment; 7) Aquatic plant surveys (PI survey, community mapping, and substrate mapping); 8) Data analysis; 9) Volunteer AIS monitoring; 10) Develop LMP.

Project deliverables include: 1) Stakeholder survey, news release(s), and newsletter article; 2) Water chemistry data; 3) Watershed maps and modeling data; 4) PI and shoreland data; 5) Aquatic plant community and substrate maps; 6) Aquatic plant vouchers; 7) Entered monitoring data into SWIMS; 8) LMP.

Specific conditions for this project: 1) Draft of stakeholder survey needs to be submitted to Lakes Management Coordinator for review and approval before sending to public; 2) Draft of LMP needs Dept review and approval.

WDNR Lakes Management Coordinator will be provided with an electronic (pdf or word) copy of LMP, news release(s), newsletter article, stakeholder survey, data from PI survey, shoreland assessment, watershed assessment and water quality sampling, all maps from project, all GIS data, and aquatic plant vouchers.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/6/1995
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake Protection & Rehabilitation Dist: Pigeon Lake Water Quality & Land Usage Study: Provide an updated definition of the current trophic nature of Pigeon Lake.
1. Perform water quality sampling and analyses on Pigeon Lake and its tributary.
2. Perform a macrophyte survey to define plan species, both native and exotic.
3. Perform a land usage survey for Pigeon Lake watershed to determine areas adjacent to the lake and its major tributaries where erosion and agricultural runoff are occurring or have potential for occurring.
4. Compare the data collected above to the data collected in 1977.
5. Prepare a final report including the results of tasks 1-4.
6. Disseminate information on the project results to the public by public meeting and summary report mailing.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2012
Waters Involved
Marion Millpond
Status
Complete

City Of Marion: Marion Millpond Apm Update: The city of Marion is sponsoring a small-scale planning grant for the Marion Millpond. The goal and primary objective of the planning grant is to update the Marion Ponds Aquatic Plant Management Plan.
Project Activities: PI survey by WDNR; PI survey by private consultant; PI survey data review; Common aquatic plant management techniques review; Historic management techniques for Marion Millpond review.
Project Deliverables: PI survey data; Marion Millpond aquatic plant management plan
This scope summarizes the project detail provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional lake coordinator.

Final report needs Department review and approval.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2007
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake P & R District: Pigeon Lake Comprehensive Lake Management Plan: The Pigeon Lake Protection and Rehabilitation District proposes to develop a Comprehensive Lake Management Plan. The scope of the project is to complete remaining tasks for final plan. These tasks include water quality appraisal, conduct public forum, and completion of the plan. This scope is intended as a summary; the more specific scope is provided in the grant application and does not supersede the specific scope elements described with in the application.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2007
Waters Involved
Pigeon River
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake P & R District: Pigeon Lake Comprehensive Lake Management Plan: The Pigeon Lake Protection and Rehabilitation District proposes to develop a Comprehensive Lake Management Plan. The scope of the project is to complete remaining tasks for final plan. These tasks include water quality appraisal, conduct public forum, and completion of the plan. This scope is intended as a summary; the more specific scope is provided in the grant application and does not supersede the specific scope elements described with in the application.


Grant Details
Targeted Runoff - Rural Construction
Date
1/1/2002
Waters Involved
North Branch Pigeon River
Status
Complete

Waupaca County: Pigeon Watershed Partnership: To cost-share landowner BMP installations


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Pigeon River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Aquatic Invasives County Coordinator - Shawano County
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 293900
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on North Branch Pigeon River, WBIC: 293900, AU:9714
5/21/2016
Proposed
 
Monitor Targeted Watershed Area (TWA)
Pigeon River TWA
Date
Status
Pigeon River TWA
1/1/2015
In Progress
Projects
 
Pigeon River WatershedWatershed History Note