Watershed - South Branch Little Wolf River (WR08)
South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed

Details

The South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed is approximately 165 square miles and is in Waupaca and Portage Counties. It also contains 64 miles of the South Branch of the Little Wolf River. The South Branch Little Wolf River watershed drains portions of the planning area generally to the north and east of the city of Waupaca and contains the South Branch Little Wolf River as the major water feature. Drainage generally flows northeastward through small tributaries to the Little Wolf River and eventually drains into the Wolf River and the Lake Winnebago/Fox River/Green Bay system. This watershed ranks high for lakes and groundwater and low for streams according to the WDNR's draft Upper Fox River Basin Plan (1997). No point-source dischargers are contained within the Planning Area for this watershed.

Date  2001

Nonpoint and Point Sources

There is one industrial point source discharger and two municipal point source dischargers in the South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed: Village of Iola, Village of Scandinavia and Wysocki Farrns Inc.

Date  1996

Ecological Landscapes for South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The South Branch Wolf River watershed is located primarily in the Forest Transition Ecological Landscape which lies along the northern border of Wisconsin's Tension Zone, through the central and western part of the state, and supports both northern forests and agricultural areas. The central portion of the Forest Transition lies primarily on a glacial till plain deposited by glaciation between 25,000 and 790,000 years ago. The eastern and western portions are on moraines of the Wisconsin glaciation. The growing season in this part of the state is long enough that agriculture is viable, although climatic conditions are not as favorable as in southern Wisconsin. Soils are diverse, ranging from sandy loam to loam or shallow silt loam, and from poorly drained to well drained. The historic vegetation of the Forest Transition was primarily northern hardwood forest. These northern hardwoods were dominated by sugar maple and hemlock, and contained some yellow birch, red pine and white pine. Currently, over 60% of this Ecological Landscape is non-forested. Forested areas consist primarily of northern hardwoods and aspen, with smaller amounts of oak and lowland hardwoods. The eastern portion of the Ecological Landscape differs from the rest of the area in that it remains primarily forested, and includes some ecologically significant areas. Throughout the Ecological Landscape, small areas of conifer swamp are found near the headwaters of streams, and associated with lakes in kettle depressions on moraines. Ground flora show characteristics of both northern and southern Wisconsin, as this Ecological Landscape lies along the Tension Zone.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/1/2012
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

White Lake Preservation Association: White Lake Ais Control & Prevention Project 2013 2015: The White Lake Preservation Association is sponsoring a three-year AIS control and prevention project geared towards monitoring Eurasian water milfoil, continuing CBCW inspection efforts and initiating an herbicide application strategy to control CLP.
Project activities include: Annual chemical treatments of CLP and residual monitoring; Annual Pre and Post treatment monitoring and analysis; PI surveys and aquatic plant community mapping; Recruit volunteers and implement a CBCW program; Update the current White Lake Aquatic Plant Management Plan; Develop annual project report and a final report. Stakeholder participation: CBCW training and inspections, Planning committee meeting, project status/informational meeting; Annual volunteer AIS monitoring; PL mapping and control
Project deliverables include: Annual progress and final reports of monitoring and management activities, including aquatic plant survey spreadsheets and pre/post treatment monitoring, any educational materials developed, and an updated Aquatic Plant Management Plan.
This scope summarizes the project detail provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional lake coordinator.
Final report needs Department review and approval.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Early Detection and Response
Date
7/1/2008
Waters Involved
Brekk Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Scandinavia: Town Of Scandinavia Ais Rapid Response Project: The Town of Scandinavia proposes to control Eurasian water-milfoil (EWM) in Brekke Lake by implementing control measures during the period 2009-2011. The project elements and deliverables are specified in the Town's Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) Control Grant application dated 12.22.08. The project includes conducting pre- and post-treatment surveys and mapping the extent of EWM, including a full lake rake Point Index survey during peak EWM growing seasons of June-August 2009-2011; controling EWM with aquatic herbicide treatments; and implementing an AIS prevention strategy that includes developing an awarementss and education program, and conducting watercraft inspections. Annual progress reports and a final report summarizing the 3 year project will be provided to the DNR. Watercraft inspection records will be entered into the State's online Watercraft Inspection Database. If a consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the DNR AIS Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR will be provided both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of Grantee's final payment request. Any publications producted as part of the project will incorporate the "Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers!" Brand.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1991
Waters Involved
Iola Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Lake & Watershed Data Collection And Planning: REVIEW EXISTING DATA ON LAKE AND WATERSHED TO DEFINE DATA GAPS. INITIATE PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT/INFORMATION PROGRAM. WATER QUALITY MONITORING. EVENT-RELATED NONPOINT SOURCE RUNOFF MONITORING. MACROPHYTE SURVEY. IDENTIFICATION OF SIDEMENT LOADING AND SOURCES OF SEDIMENTATION. BASE MAP OF LAKE AND WATERSHED PREPARATION. DRAFT AND FINAL LAKE MANAGEMENT PLAN. 7/17/91 Scope amendment: USGS sediment loading model will be calibrated to the conditions of Lake Iola watershed and used to project sediment loading under various land characteristics and rainfall conditions; sediment dating techniques will be used; sediment depth will be measured.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/27/1992
Waters Involved
Iola Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Water Quality, Sediment, And Aquatic Plant Study: Conduct water quality monitoring during 1993-94. Existing sediment data will be examined to determine what additional data needs to be acquired. Examine alternatives to control sediment deposition.Conduct an aquatic plant survey. Evaluate aquatic plant management alternatives and compare weed harvesting to chemical treatment.Develop an aquatic plant management plan. Information will be disseminated to the public by fact sheet, local newspaper articles, newspaper, public meeting, tv or radio spots and the final report.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
9/29/1995
Waters Involved
Iola Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Lake District: Lake Iola Watershed & Water Quality Study: 1. Develop a nutrient budget by monitoring lake water quality.
2. Measure inflow and outfow at Tressness Rd. and near dam to provide flow volume information.
3. Collect groundwater base flow samples and review groundwater data from the central Wisconsin Groundwater Database.
4. Assess fill in at previously dredged sites by determining soft sediment depths and provide guidance to future dredge projects.
5. Assess Lake Iola fishery to determine effects of aquatic plant harvesting, and to supplement outdated fishery data.
6. Inventory land use to determine impacts on surface and groundwater quality.
7. Prepare a final report addressing the results of tasks 1-6 above.
8. Disseminate information on the project results to the public by newsletter, public meeting, newspaper article, and comprehensive management plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2005
Waters Involved
Iola Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Comprehensive Lake Management Plan Phase 1: Phase 1 is one of a 2-phase project that will develop a critical implementation plan component for an updating of the Lake Iola Comprehensive Management Plan. Phase 1 includes a water quality appraisal including 6 sampling events, a watershed appraisal including delineation and P modeling, and a public participation process.

Deliverables: 1. Water quality appraisal report, 2. Watershed appraisal report, 3. Public participation process description

All deliverables will be referenced and integrated into an implementation plan, with subsequent updating of the Lake Iola Comp Management Plan.

This scope is intended to summarize the detailed scope provided in the grant application and does not supersede grant application specifics.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2005
Waters Involved
Iola Lake
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Comprehensive Lake Management Plan Phase 2: Phase 2 is one of a 2-phase project that will develop a critical implementation plan component for an updating of the Lake Iola Comp Management Plan. Phase 2 includes an aquatic plant survey via point intercept methodology and a springtime curley leaf pondweed survey

Deliverable: 1. Aquatic Plant Survey Report. 2. Curleyleaf Pondweed Survey report.

All deliverables will be referenced and integrated into an implementation plan, with subsequent updating of the Lake Iola Comp Management Plan.

This scope is intended to summarize the detailed scope provided in the grant application and does not supersede grant application specifics.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1998
Waters Involved
Rinehart Lake
Status
Complete

Rinehart Lake Association: Rinehart Lake Study, Phase I: The Rinehart Lake Association, in conjunction with researchers from the U.W. Stevens Point, proposes to monitor water quality and chemistry on Portage County's Rinehart lake, and at the same time, produce maps of the lake's watershed, aquatic vegetation, and soft sediment depths. Project activities would include: 1) Map watershed surface and groundwater inflows, 2) Determine inflow water quality, 3) Map aquatic vegetation distribution and soft sediment depths, 4) Study water and sediment samples for animal and plant life, and 5) Bi-weekly/monthly sampling and water chemistry analysis. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public through a report to be completed at the end of a proposed second phase of the project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1998
Waters Involved
Rinehart Lake
Status
Complete

Rinehart Lake Association: Rinehart Lake Study, Phase 2: The Rinehart Lake Association, in conjunction with researchers from the U.W. Stevens Point, proposes to monitor water quality and chemistry on Portage County's Rinehart lake, and at the same time, produce maps of the lake's watershed, aquatic vegetation, and soft sediment depths. Project activities would include: 1) Watershed map development, 2) Groudwatershed map 3) Well water chemistry monitoring 4) Inventory septic systems for setbacks and annual usage, 5) prepare final reports of Phase 1 and 2 data collection. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public through a report to be completed at the end of a proposed second phase of the project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1991
Waters Involved
South Branch Little Wolf River
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Lake & Watershed Data Collection And Planning: REVIEW EXISTING DATA ON LAKE AND WATERSHED TO DEFINE DATA GAPS. INITIATE PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT/INFORMATION PROGRAM. WATER QUALITY MONITORING. EVENT-RELATED NONPOINT SOURCE RUNOFF MONITORING. MACROPHYTE SURVEY. IDENTIFICATION OF SIDEMENT LOADING AND SOURCES OF SEDIMENTATION. BASE MAP OF LAKE AND WATERSHED PREPARATION. DRAFT AND FINAL LAKE MANAGEMENT PLAN. 7/17/91 Scope amendment: USGS sediment loading model will be calibrated to the conditions of Lake Iola watershed and used to project sediment loading under various land characteristics and rainfall conditions; sediment dating techniques will be used; sediment depth will be measured.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2005
Waters Involved
South Branch Little Wolf River
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Comprehensive Lake Management Plan Phase 1: Phase 1 is one of a 2-phase project that will develop a critical implementation plan component for an updating of the Lake Iola Comprehensive Management Plan. Phase 1 includes a water quality appraisal including 6 sampling events, a watershed appraisal including delineation and P modeling, and a public participation process.

Deliverables: 1. Water quality appraisal report, 2. Watershed appraisal report, 3. Public participation process description

All deliverables will be referenced and integrated into an implementation plan, with subsequent updating of the Lake Iola Comp Management Plan.

This scope is intended to summarize the detailed scope provided in the grant application and does not supersede grant application specifics.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2005
Waters Involved
South Branch Little Wolf River
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Comprehensive Lake Management Plan Phase 2: Phase 2 is one of a 2-phase project that will develop a critical implementation plan component for an updating of the Lake Iola Comp Management Plan. Phase 2 includes an aquatic plant survey via point intercept methodology and a springtime curley leaf pondweed survey

Deliverable: 1. Aquatic Plant Survey Report. 2. Curleyleaf Pondweed Survey report.

All deliverables will be referenced and integrated into an implementation plan, with subsequent updating of the Lake Iola Comp Management Plan.

This scope is intended to summarize the detailed scope provided in the grant application and does not supersede grant application specifics.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/1991
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Lake Iola Management District: Lake Iola Lake & Watershed Data Collection And Planning: REVIEW EXISTING DATA ON LAKE AND WATERSHED TO DEFINE DATA GAPS. INITIATE PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT/INFORMATION PROGRAM. WATER QUALITY MONITORING. EVENT-RELATED NONPOINT SOURCE RUNOFF MONITORING. MACROPHYTE SURVEY. IDENTIFICATION OF SIDEMENT LOADING AND SOURCES OF SEDIMENTATION. BASE MAP OF LAKE AND WATERSHED PREPARATION. DRAFT AND FINAL LAKE MANAGEMENT PLAN. 7/17/91 Scope amendment: USGS sediment loading model will be calibrated to the conditions of Lake Iola watershed and used to project sediment loading under various land characteristics and rainfall conditions; sediment dating techniques will be used; sediment depth will be measured.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
12/20/1990
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

White Lake Preservation Association: White Lake & Watershed Data Collection, Water Qual Sampling: Assemble and review existing data on the lake and watershed. Define data gaps from above information and gater additional data to include: a) warer quality sampling at 2 sites for all or some of the parameters in table 1 of the application, water qualityanalysis to be performed by the State Lab of Hygiene, b) cored sediment sample to be analyzed for % organics, total solids, total-P, ammonia N, Kjeldahl N. Develop and implement public involvement program. Prepare land use map for lake and watershed.Identify and evaluate existing ordinances related to nonpoint source pollution control. Develop draft report for public review and comment. Information will disseminated through newsletter mailings, public meetings, summary report mailings, localnewspaper articles, and a comprehensive management plan. Project results will be reposited at UW-Extension, Waupaca County Courthouse and Royalton Town Hall.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

White Lake Preservation Association: White Lake Comprehensive Management Plan: White Lake Preservation Association in cooperation with the White Lake Aeration Association proposes to conduct lake studies that lead to the development of a comprehensive lake management plan for White Lake. The study will include an aquatic plant survey, identify physical and chemical characteristics of the lake, delineate the lakes watershed, and conduct a habitat and fisheries assessment. The results of the study will be used to identify and prioritize management needs. These results will be presented in a management plan along with discussions of applicable management techniques. The plan will provide recommendations and design strategies for lake improvement. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and electronic copy of the plan.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

White Lake Preservation Association: White Lake Management Planning Project Ph 1: White Lake Preservation Assn proposes to complete Phase 1 of aManagement Plan on their lake. Project deliverables include the following:
1. Conduct Stakeholder participation process
2. Assess watershed and water quality
3. Conduct shoreline assessment
4. Conduct CLP survey


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2010
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

White Lake Preservation Association: White Lake Management Planning Project Ph 2: White Lake Preservation Assn proposes to conduct Phase 2 of a Management Plan for their lake. Project deliverables include the following:

1. Complete comprehensive PI survey
2. Map plant community types
3. Conduct EWM survey
4. Conduct Zebra Mussel appraisal
5. Complete Project status report for Phase 1 and 2


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2010
Waters Involved
White Lake
Status
Complete

White Lake Preservation Association: White Lake Planning Project Ph 3: The White Lake Preservation Association proposes to conduct a lake planning grant project which will complete a phased planning effort. Phase 3 will employ public participation process, final analysis and report prep, as well as integration of previous fisheries information with the plan. The deliverable will be stakeholder adopted lake management plan. If a consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended that the Grantee provide the Department Lake Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. The Department shall receive both paper and electronic PDF copies of the final report along with, or prior to submission of the grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2012
Waters Involved
Silver Lake
Status
Complete

Scandinavia Silver Lake District: Scandinavia Silver Lake Apm Planning: This project will result in the development of an Aquatic Plant Management Plan. The following work activities and end products will result from this effort:

1. A point intercept survey will be conducted following established DNR protocols. Maps will be created illustrating the extent of both native and invasive aquatic plant communities.
2. A review of previous management efforts will be conducted.
3. A survey of lake property owners will be conducted.
4. A final report will be generated which summarizes all information gathered during this project. In addition, management recommendations will be made demonstrating the negative and positive aspects of all potential aquatic plant management options.
5. A meeting with lake stakeholders will be held to present the findings of this study and obtain feedback.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Drawdown of Water
Ogdensburg Millpond Drawdown
Date
Status
1/1/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Drawdown of Water
Iola Millpond Drawdown
Date
Status
1/1/2011
Proposed
Projects
 
Water Quality Planning
South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed Planning
Date
Status
The South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed is approximately 165 square miles and is in Waupaca and Portage Counties. It also contains 64 miles of the South Branch of the Little Wolf River. The South Branch Little Wolf River watershed drains portions of the planning area generally to the north and east of the city of Waupaca and contains the South Branch Little Wolf River as the major water feature. Drainage generally flows northeastward through small tributaries to the Little Wolf River and eventually drains into the Wolf River and the Lake Winnebago/Fox River/Green Bay system. This watershed ranks high for lakes and groundwater and low for streams according to the WDNR's draft Upper Fox River Basin Plan (1997). No point-source dischargers are contained within the Planning Area for this watershed.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
South Branch Little Wolf River WatershedWater Plans and PartnershipsRead the Watershed Plan

The South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed Report is final.

Date  2016

Watershed History Note

The Villages of Ogdensburg, Iola and Scandinavia can be found in the South Branch Little Wolf River Watershed. The first settlers came to the Scandinavia area in 1850. Although it was not heavily forested, it was situated on a major North-South Indian Trail, which led to the development of a wagon trail route through the community. It was also located between a river and a lake, which provided water and water power, and it was surrounded by meadow like areas, which were easily turned into farm sites.

In 1853, a year before the township was formed, the community, which included Norwegians, Danes and Swedes, decided to pick an all inclusive name, rather than a more personal name from home which would honor only one country. In addition, the name of Scandinavia gave notice to surrounding communities of the proud heritage of its inhabitants.

Date  2011