Watershed - Lake Winnebago - East (UF02)
Lake Winnebago - East Watershed

Details

The Lake Winnebago-East watershed is located along the east and south shores of Lake Winnebago in Calumet and Fond du Lac counties. It is approximately 63,618 acres in size and contains 177 miles of streams and rivers, 252 acres of lakes and 1539 acres of wetlands. The watershed is dominated by agriculture (74%) and is ranked high for nonpoint source issues affecting streams and groundwater.

Date  2010

Ecological Landscapes for Lake Winnebago - East Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Southeast Glacial Plains Ecological Landscape makes up the bulk of the non-coastal land area in southeast Wisconsin. This Ecological Landscape is made up of glacial till plains and moraines. Most of this Ecological Landscape is composed of glacial materials deposited during the Wisconsin Ice Age, but the southwest portion consists of older, pre-Wisconsin till with a more dissected topography. Soils are lime-rich tills overlain in most areas by a silt-loam loess cap. Agricultural and residential interests throughout the landscape have significantly altered the historical vegetation. Most of the rare natural communities that remain are associated with large moraines or in areas where the Niagara Escarpment occurs close to the surface. Historically, vegetation in the Southeast Glacial Plains consisted of a mix of prairie, oak forests and savanna, and maple-basswood forests. Wet-mesic prairies, southern sedge meadows, emergent marshes, and calcareous fens were found in lower portions of the Landscape. End moraines and drumlins supported savannas and forests. Agricultural and urban land use practices have drastically changed the land cover of the Southeast Glacial Plains since Euro-American settlement. The current vegetation is primarily agricultural cropland. Remaining forests occupy only about 10% of the land area and consist of maple-basswood, lowland hardwoods, and oak. No large mesic forests exist today except on the Kettle Interlobate Moraine which has topography too rugged for agriculture. Some existing forest patches that were formerly savannas have succeeded to hardwood forest due to fire suppression.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/27/2007
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: City Of Oshkosh Miller'S Bay Ais Control Project: The City of Oshkosh proposes to conduct an aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control project in Miller's Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago. Project deliverables will be chemical treatment of Miller's Bay in Mid-May to early June of 2008-2009.

As an enumeration in the FY 2008 State budget, the department of natural resources shall provide a $25,000 grant in fiscal year 2007?08 to the city of Oshkosh to fund aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control activities in Miller\FFFDs Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
10/27/2007
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: City Of Oshkosh Miller'S Bay Ais Control Project: The City of Oshkosh proposes to conduct an aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control project in Miller's Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago. Project deliverables will be chemical treatment of Miller's Bay in Mid-May to early June of 2008-2009.

As an enumeration in the FY 2008 State budget, the department of natural resources shall provide a $25,000 grant in fiscal year 2007?08 to the city of Oshkosh to fund aquatic invasive species education, prevention, and control activities in Miller\FFFDs Bay and the adjacent waters of Lake Winnebago.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/21/2008
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: Miller'S Bay Apm Plan Development: The City of Oshkosh proposes to develop an Aquatic Plant Management (APM) Plan in 2008, which will focus on native plant protection and prevention, and control of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The project elements and deliverables are specified in the City of Oshkosh Invasive Species Control Grant application, dated February 1, 2008. The project includes using aquatic plant survey data generated by the consultant; determining the extent, distribution and density of Eurasian water-milfoil and any other AIS; preparing and developing an APM Plan consistent with DNR guidelines, including an AIS prevention and control plan; educating lake users of native plant protection and AIS prevention and control measures. The final report will include the City of Oshkosh Aquatic Plant Management Plan that conforms to guidance found in the DNR/UW-Extension publication, "Aquatic Plant Management in Wisconsin". If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/21/2008
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Oshkosh: Miller'S Bay Apm Plan Development: The City of Oshkosh proposes to develop an Aquatic Plant Management (APM) Plan in 2008, which will focus on native plant protection and prevention, and control of aquatic invasive species (AIS). The project elements and deliverables are specified in the City of Oshkosh Invasive Species Control Grant application, dated February 1, 2008. The project includes using aquatic plant survey data generated by the consultant; determining the extent, distribution and density of Eurasian water-milfoil and any other AIS; preparing and developing an APM Plan consistent with DNR guidelines, including an AIS prevention and control plan; educating lake users of native plant protection and AIS prevention and control measures. The final report will include the City of Oshkosh Aquatic Plant Management Plan that conforms to guidance found in the DNR/UW-Extension publication, "Aquatic Plant Management in Wisconsin". If consultant is to provide the final report, it is recommended the Grantee provide the DNR Aquatic Invasive Species Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to, submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Lake Protection Grant
Date
5/25/1995
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Fond Du Lac County: Acq-Fond Du Lac County Camp Shaganappi Acquisition: Fond du Lac County shall participate in the Lake Protection Grant Program by purchasing 97.2 acres of land for public outdoor recreation purposes.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2012
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Calumet County: Winnebago Lake Project:
Calumet County is sponsoring a Large Scale Planning Grant associated to the Lake Winnebago System. This multi-phased project will involve, but not be limited to, the following work activities:

1) The review of all known plans / reports for the system. This review will result in the creation of a summary report detailing past work and identifying data gaps and or needs.
2) Establish a core team representative of the local stakeholders (possibly including fisherman, sporting groups, farmers, recreational boaters, county staff, DNR Resource Biologists, etc.)
3) Meet with and survey stakeholders, as identified by Core Team, on issues of importance to stakeholders.
a. Conduct a minimum of three citizen surveys.
b. Conduct a minimum of two focused discussion groups.
c. Conduct a minimum of four public input meetings.
4) County to host one educational meeting in December 2012 with Calumet County farmers regarding soil erosion, farming practices, programs and funding which can help minimize sedimentation into Lake Winnebago.
5) County (consultant) will sponsor a meeting in January 2013 regarding pollutant trading and other water quality matters.
6) Submit a preliminary Draft Report of County inventory, plan/report summaries, and phase 1 of stakeholder survey findings no later than February 1, 2013.
7) Submit a comprehensive Draft Report of project findings to County no later than November 15, 2013.
8) Submit a Final Report by December 31 of 2013.
a. Final Report will include:
i. Stakeholder priority list (water resource needs / problems).
ii. Recommendations on solutions to water resource issues
iii. Recommendations for future planning, studies and management actions


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2013
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Winnebago Lakes Council, Inc.: Lake Winnebago Planning: The Winnebago Lakes Council is sponsoring a Lake Planning Grant on Lake Winnebago. This long term planning project for a Lake Winnebago Action Plan will prepare the region for coordinated, long term, comprehensive management to ensure the entire Winnebago System continues to be a positive asset to the local communities. The planning effort will also explore options for system-wide coordination of local, state and federal governments and organizations.

Project activities: 1) Develop a communications and outreach strategy for lake system information and news in the region; 2) Ensure that citizen engagement started in phase I continues and grows; 3) Develop strategy to meet public needs/desires for information and government needs for educating the public; 4) Solicit and support responses by local and state governments; 5) Engage government to acknowledge public comments collected in Phase I and formulate coordinated and consistent actions and communications; 6) Engage government to address gaps in planning and information identified in Phase I; 7) Define \201Ccooperative management\201D for Lake Winnebago; 8) Review systems for coordination and management used in other large, multi-jurisdictional public resource areas, and evaluate their potential application to Lake Winnebago; 9) Educate public officials and citizens about the possible options, and measure their support for the general concept and specific approaches
(See "comments" for deliverables.)


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
3/23/1994
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Winnebago Property Owners Association: Lake Winnebago Existing Data Consolidation & Education Dev: Create an inventory of active Lake Winnebago organizations; consolidate existing data and research; develop public education strategies; develop newletter.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1997
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Fond Du Lac: Lake Winnebago Stormwater Exfiltrat. Stdy/Bp Monitoring: The City of Fond Du Lac proposes to do a stormwater study and bypass monitoring on Lake Winnebago. This project will identify potential sources of stormwater exfiltration from storm sewers into sanitary sewers, evaluate alternatives and recommend ways to alleviate the problem. Some of the activities included in this grant will include: 1) review stormwater pumping station plans and storm sewer system plans, 2) field viewing and structural reviews of storm sewer systems, 3) analysis and monitoring of pump station and storm sewer system capacities and water quality monitoring during at least two bypass events, 4) evaluate and recommend alternative improvements. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public by newspaper articles, an Engineering Feasibility Study Report mailings and public meeting(s).


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/1997
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

City Of Menasha: Lake Winnebago Menasha Residential Channel Water Quality: The City of Manasha proposes to conduct a historic water study as well as study the current conditions of the navigation channels in Menasha that lead to Lake Winnebago. The activities will include the following: 1) collect historical data, 2) collect current data and show correlation to water level changes, dam operation, and analyze other water characteristics of both the channel waters and lake water, 3) identify algae management strategies and implementation plans for the viable strategies. The Department of Natural Resources will be provided with both a paper copy and an electronic copy of the final report. The project results will be disseminated to the public by newspaper articles and public meeting(s).


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2002
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Lake Poygan Sportsman'S Club: Winnebago Remote Sensing & Trophic Monitoring Project: The Lake Poygan Sportsman Club proposes to conduct Remote Sensing Analysis on the Lake Winnebago System The product of this grant component will be a database of physical and chemical parameters to include total phosphorous, Chlorophyll a, Suspended solids; Volatile suspended solids, nitrate-nitrite, and Kjeldahl nitrogen. Eight sampling events will be scheduled to correspond with satellite flyovers. The PSC is sponsoring one year of lab analysis of water samples and travel expenses to conduct the lake appraisals on Winnebago, Winneconne, Poygan and Butte Des Mort.

This project is a component of a larger partnership with UW-Madison remote Sensing Lab, NASA, and the Green Bay Metropolitan Sewer District that will develop a software toolkit for the regional and local application of remote sensing technology. This application may involve the appraisal of trophic conditions within the lakes using satellite imaging, tracking aquatic vegetation coverage, and guiding lake use during bloom conditions.

AMENDMENT #1: Additional objectives will include the printing and distribution of a recently completed Lake Winnegago System Water Quality Report. This report integrates with the remote sensing project.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2004
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Lake Poygan Sportsman'S Club: Lake Winnebago Remote Sensing/Trophic Monitoring Ph 3: The Lake Poygan Sportsman's Club proposes to conduct a project that is an integrated appraisal of lake water quality, to include:

1. Database including phosphorous, Chla,suspended solids, volatile suspended solids, nitrite-nitrate and Kjeldahl N. Eight sampling events at approx 8 station will generate the data. Lakes Winnebago, Winneconne, Butte des Morts and Poygan will be included.
2. The integration of the data will occur in conjunction with the development of satellite imagery, as produced by UW-Madison, Remote Sensing Group


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2012
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Calumet County: Winnebago Lake Project:
Calumet County is sponsoring a Large Scale Planning Grant associated to the Lake Winnebago System. This multi-phased project will involve, but not be limited to, the following work activities:

1) The review of all known plans / reports for the system. This review will result in the creation of a summary report detailing past work and identifying data gaps and or needs.
2) Establish a core team representative of the local stakeholders (possibly including fisherman, sporting groups, farmers, recreational boaters, county staff, DNR Resource Biologists, etc.)
3) Meet with and survey stakeholders, as identified by Core Team, on issues of importance to stakeholders.
a. Conduct a minimum of three citizen surveys.
b. Conduct a minimum of two focused discussion groups.
c. Conduct a minimum of four public input meetings.
4) County to host one educational meeting in December 2012 with Calumet County farmers regarding soil erosion, farming practices, programs and funding which can help minimize sedimentation into Lake Winnebago.
5) County (consultant) will sponsor a meeting in January 2013 regarding pollutant trading and other water quality matters.
6) Submit a preliminary Draft Report of County inventory, plan/report summaries, and phase 1 of stakeholder survey findings no later than February 1, 2013.
7) Submit a comprehensive Draft Report of project findings to County no later than November 15, 2013.
8) Submit a Final Report by December 31 of 2013.
a. Final Report will include:
i. Stakeholder priority list (water resource needs / problems).
ii. Recommendations on solutions to water resource issues
iii. Recommendations for future planning, studies and management actions


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2013
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Winnebago Lakes Council, Inc.: Lake Winnebago Planning: The Winnebago Lakes Council is sponsoring a Lake Planning Grant on Lake Winnebago. This long term planning project for a Lake Winnebago Action Plan will prepare the region for coordinated, long term, comprehensive management to ensure the entire Winnebago System continues to be a positive asset to the local communities. The planning effort will also explore options for system-wide coordination of local, state and federal governments and organizations.

Project activities: 1) Develop a communications and outreach strategy for lake system information and news in the region; 2) Ensure that citizen engagement started in phase I continues and grows; 3) Develop strategy to meet public needs/desires for information and government needs for educating the public; 4) Solicit and support responses by local and state governments; 5) Engage government to acknowledge public comments collected in Phase I and formulate coordinated and consistent actions and communications; 6) Engage government to address gaps in planning and information identified in Phase I; 7) Define \201Ccooperative management\201D for Lake Winnebago; 8) Review systems for coordination and management used in other large, multi-jurisdictional public resource areas, and evaluate their potential application to Lake Winnebago; 9) Educate public officials and citizens about the possible options, and measure their support for the general concept and specific approaches
(See "comments" for deliverables.)


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Fox River
Status
Complete

Fond Du Lac County: Lake Winnebago Planning: In the last few years, Lake Winnebago has experienced greatly improved water clarity which has resulted in a large increase in aquatic plant density. As a result, lake stakeholders are upset and educational outreach is necesary to help people understand why lake conditions are changing. Fond du Lac County is currently engaged in identifying potential stakeholder groups in preparation for developing a lake management plan. They have also hired a lake coordinator who is developing educational materials and media sites to share information and bring stakeholders together.

Specific deliverable project outcomes are as follows: 1. Creation of a data base for use by stakeholders, 2. Creation of a media site to distribute informaiton, 3. Creation of a Lake Winnebago group comprised of a core group of stakeholders pulled from DNR, ACOE, boaters and other users of the lake, 4. Develop and provide publications and educational resoures to stakeholders and the public.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2002
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Channel Preservation Assn: Winnebago Channel Apm Plan: The Channel Preservation Assn proposes to develop an Aquatic Management Plan for "the channels" of Lake Winnebago. The project deliverables will include (1) review of plant management alternatives relative to the channel; (2) two distinct surveys of plants conducted in June and August, 2003, by rake survey methodology, and include an apppraisal report; (3) a public participation session with a report on significant public input events; and (4) develop srategies for the management of the nuisance plant conditions while preserving tghe functional and structural habitat value of this backwater complex . This could include land or water strategies. A final report will be developed and shared with the DNR.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2004
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Lake Poygan Sportsman'S Club: Winnebago Lakes Council Organizational Development: The Lake Poygan Sportsman's Club will conduct a project that is directed to organizational development of a Winnebago Council, to include:

1. Awareness and educational actions by designated staff.
2. Developing and nourishing community contacts
3. Establishment of a Lakes Council board

These actions will be summarized within a final report that includes recommendations for future actions.


Grant Details
Small Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/1/2011
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Fond Du Lac County: Lake Winnebago Planning: In the last few years, Lake Winnebago has experienced greatly improved water clarity which has resulted in a large increase in aquatic plant density. As a result, lake stakeholders are upset and educational outreach is necesary to help people understand why lake conditions are changing. Fond du Lac County is currently engaged in identifying potential stakeholder groups in preparation for developing a lake management plan. They have also hired a lake coordinator who is developing educational materials and media sites to share information and bring stakeholders together.

Specific deliverable project outcomes are as follows: 1. Creation of a data base for use by stakeholders, 2. Creation of a media site to distribute informaiton, 3. Creation of a Lake Winnebago group comprised of a core group of stakeholders pulled from DNR, ACOE, boaters and other users of the lake, 4. Develop and provide publications and educational resoures to stakeholders and the public.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Lake Winnebago
Status
Complete

Village Of Sherwood: Meadowcliff Pond: Design, property acquisition, construction management/inspection, and construction of Meadowcliff Pond.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Construction
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Village Of Sherwood: Meadowcliff Pond: Design, property acquisition, construction management/inspection, and construction of Meadowcliff Pond.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Lake Winnebago - East Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Fond du Lac
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Update Use Designation
 
Date
Status
Needs official use designation change, b/c waterbody is listed in NR 104
10/23/2009
Proposed
 
Update Use Designation
 
Date
Status
Update to NR104 is needed
10/23/2009
Proposed
 
Lake Winnebago - East WatershedWatershed History Note

Located in east central Wisconsin. the Winnebago Pool Lakes, composed of Lakes Winnebago, Butte des Morts, Winneconne, and Poygan, drain 16,654 square kilomerers and compose 17 '% of Wisconsin's surface water area. Major watersheds include the Wolf River to the north aild tlle Upper Fox River to the south with the system emptying from Lake Winnebagu via the Lvwcr Fox River to rhe southwestern end of Green Bay on Lake Michigan The Lakes lie in the vegetation tension zone between the Northern Forest and the Prairie-Forest floristic provinces (Curtis. 197 1 ), and the watershed transects three US ecoregions, the Southeastern Wisconsin Till Plain, the North Central Hardwood Forests, and the Northern Lakes and Forests. Consequently, land use ranges from mixed hardwood forest in the north to prtrnariiy specialized dairying with some generalized farming southward. The Lake Winnebago System is within 120 km of over 2 million people, and is central to many, often conflicting, resource uses, including outdoor recreation such as fishing and boating, wastewater assimilation for 59 industries and 24 municipal wastewater treatment plants, and as a principal water supply for over 100,000 people in Oshkosh, Neenah-Menasha. and Appleton as well as numerous small communities in the watershed (East Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Coinmission [ECWRPC], 1989). The Lake Winnebago System provides over one million userdays during the peak month of recreation fur boaters and anglers from Wisconsin and other states,most notably nearby Illinois. The dam system and water level control program, representing the largest flood control storage reservoir in Wisconsin, provide flood protection for residents and shoreland development within 17 jurisdictions. Water levels in the Upper Lake Winnebago Pool Lakes have been controlled through dam outflows by the Corps of Engineers since the late 1800's. principally to assist commercial navigation and downstream industrial uses of waste assimilation and power generation (WDNR, 1989). As a result of a revised water level management policy instituted in 1982, lake Ievels in the summer are now approximately 1 m higgr than previously occurring levels in the summer, and 10-30 cm higher in dle winter. The Corps is required to maitlrain levels within a seasonal range of 1.05 111. Under the current water level management strategy, rhe water level rapidly increases in the spring and summer, resulting in high lake levels during early plant growth. 'This is followed by allowing the water levels to gradually decrease through the fall io achieve a drawdnwn in the winter to prevent ice damage along the lake shores and to be prepared for moderating spring run0 ff levels (Krug, 1981 ) .

Date  2010