Watershed - Pigeon River (SH06)
Pigeon River Watershed

Details

The Pigeon River Watershed is the northernmost watershed in the Sheboygan River Basin. Nearly half of the 79 square mile drainage area is located in Manitowoc County, while the other half is located in the northern portions of Sheboygan County. The Pigeon River originates from an outlet of Pigeon Lake in Manitowoc County. Many small tributaries converge on this outlet to form the larger Pigeon River. The river flows generally south and east to its confluence with Lake Michigan in the City of Sheboygan. Tributaries to the Pigeon River include the Meeme River, Fisher Creek, Grandma Creek and nine unnamed tributaries. There are four named lakes in the watershed (Pigeon, Horseshoe, Spring and Jetzers) and many small, unnamed lakes. Land use in the watershed is primarily agricultural, but urbanization is proceeding. The Village of Howards Grove is completely contained in the watershed. Portions of the Village of Kohler and the City of Sheboygan also fall within the watershed. Water quality in the watershed is considered good in the headwaters area, and fair to poor in the lower reaches. High turbidity, nuisance algae and vegetative growth, low dissolved oxygen, high fecal coliform bacteria counts, and sedimentation all contribute to the poor water quality conditions in the watershed. Factors causing these effects include agricultural and urban runoff, construction site erosion, stream channelization and point source discharges.

Date  2001

Ecological Landscapes for Pigeon River Watershed

Ecological Landscapes

The Pigeon River Watershed is located primarily in the Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape which stretches from southern Door County west across Green Bay to the Wolf River drainage, then southward in a narrowing strip along the Lake Michigan shore to central Milwaukee County. Owing to the influence of Lake Michigan in the eastern part of this landscape, summers there are cooler, winters warmer, and precipitation levels greater than at locations farther inland. Dolomites and shales underlie the glacial deposits that blanket virtually all of the Central Lake Michigan Coastal Ecological Landscape. The dolomite Niagara Escarpment is the major bedrock feature, running across the entire landscape from northeast to southwest. Series of dolomite cliffs provide critical habitat for rare terrestrial snails, bats, and specialized plants. The primary glacial landforms are ground moraine, outwash, and lakeplain. The topography is generally rolling where the surface is underlain by ground moraine, variable over areas of outwash, and nearly level where lacustrine deposits are present. Important soils include clays, loams, sands, and gravels. Certain landforms, such as sand spits, clay bluffs, beach and dune complexes, and ridge and swale systems, are associated only with the shorelines of Lake Michigan and Green Bay. Historically, most of this landscape was vegetated with mesic hardwood forest composed primarily of sugar maple, basswood, and beech. Hemlock and white pine were locally important, but hemlock was generally restricted to cool moist sites near Lake Michigan. Areas of poorly drained glacial lakeplain supported wet forests of tamarack, white cedar, black ash, red maple, and elm, while the Wolf and Embarrass Rivers flowed through extensive floodplain forests of silver maple, green ash, and swamp white oak. Emergent marshes and wet meadows were common in and adjacent to lower Green Bay, while Lake Michigan shoreline areas featured beaches, dunes, interdunal wetlands, marshes, and highly diverse ridge and swale vegetation. Small patches of prairie and oak savanna were present in the southwestern portion of this landscape.

Date  2010

Watershed Documents
Watershed Grants
Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
4/15/2017
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake Of Manitowoc County Inc: Pigeon Lake Ais Control & Prevention Project: Pigeon Lake of Manitowoc County, Inc. is sponsoring a project to monitor Eurasian water milfoil (EWM) population and guide the lake association on selecting the appropriate form of active management and its timing. Further, the project will monitor the action\2019s results and provide future strategies to maintain control.

Project final deliverables include: all data collected, agendas and minutes for planning meetings, and a lake management plan that includes methodologies, results, and management alternatives discussion with an implementation plan.

Specific project activities include: 1) Plan and implement a large-scale 2,4-D herbicide treatment in 2017; 2) Conduct herbicide concentration monitoring in association with the treatment; 3) Monitor native plant and EWM populations in 2017 and 2018; 4) Conduct acoustic-based submergent aquatic vegetation bio-volume survey; 5) Conduct Clean Boats Clean waters watercraft inspections including the July 4th Landing Blitz program; 6) Conduct volunteer or professional-based hand-harvesting activities; 7) Monitor EWM populations by volunteers; 8) Develop an annual and final AIS monitoring and control strategy assessment reports.

This scope summarizes the project detail provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps, and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional Lake Biologist.

If consultant is to provide final report, it is recommended that Grantee provide DNR Lake Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to submission of grantee's final payment request


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Control
Date
4/15/2017
Waters Involved
Pigeon River
Status
Complete

Ozaukee Washington Land Trust: Owlt Collaborative Phragmites Project - Pigeon River Estuary: The Ozaukee Washington Land Trust is sponsoring a project to control an extensive Phragmites infestation along the Pigeon River Estuary in Sheboygan County.

Project final deliverables: a report that compiles and maps the extent of Phragmites in the defined project area, an Adaptive Management Plan, a list of treatments (chemical, mowing, burning) that took place on each parcel with dates of treatments and results of post treatment assessments and a summary of the treatments that took place with the federal grant dollars (adjacent to the defined project area for this grant).

Specific project activities: 1) ground truthing of Phragmites in the defined project area; 2) development of maps (field based and GIS based) depicting the extend and distribution of Phragmites in the defined project area; 3) development of an adaptive management plan; 4) chemical treatment, mowing and burning of Phragmites stands, 5) post treatment assessments; 6) development of native plant revegetation plans for individual parcels; 7) installation of revegetation plans for some parcels and 8) development of three Invasive Plant Monitoring Field and Training days for the general public and interested volunteers.

Special Conditions: 1) All data shall be entered into the SWIMS database; 2) Volunteer lists, equipment use lists and signatures shall be maintained for reporting in kind volunteer labor and equipment.

This scope summarizes the project detail provided in the application and does not negate tasks/deliverables described therein. Data, records, and reports, including GIS-based maps, and digital images, must be submitted to the Department in a format specified by the regional Lake Biologist.

The Grantee should provide the DNR Lake Coordinator with a draft for comment on report adequacy prior to making final payment to the consultant. DNR to receive both paper and electronic .pdf copies of the final report along with, or prior to submission of grantee's final payment request.


Grant Details
Aquatic Invasives Education
Date
4/1/2013
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake Of Manitowoc County Inc: Pigeon Lake Of Manitowoc County: Pigeon Lake of Manitowoc County proposes to create an updated aquatic plant management plan for Pigeon Lake with an emphasis placed upon alternatives for the control of Eurasian water milfoil. Specifically, Pigeon Lake Association will:
1. **9** Compile and analyze available water quality and fisheries data.
2. **9** Conduct a watershed assessment review to verify watershed boundaries, update general land use and perform basic predictive modeling.
3. **9** Assess the aquatic plant community utilizing early-season aquatic invasive species survey, existing point-intercept survey data, and aquatic plant community mapping.
4. **9** Conduct a shoreline condition and course woody habitat assessment.
5. **9** Provide for stakeholder participation and education by holding a kickoff meeting, a planning meeting and a wrap-up meeting.
6. **9** Generate an updated aquatic plant management and implementation plan.
The project elements and deliverables are specified in the grant application materials submitted to the Department dated February 1, 2013.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
10/18/1993
Waters Involved
Jetzers Lake
Status
Complete

Sheboygan County: Jetzers Lake Management Planning: Conduct water quality and water level monitoring. COnduct a watershed inventory which will include delineation of watershed boundaries, soils, slopes, vegetation and environmentally sensitive lands. Calculate sediment and phosphorus loading to the lakefrom delineated land use areas. Conduct a hydrologic/hydraulic analysis for the lake and Fishers Creek. Prepare a nutrient budget for the lake. Information will ne disseminated to the public by newsletter, local newspaper articles, public neetings andreport mailings. Project results will be reposited at Sheboygan County, Town of Herman and local library.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
7/12/1993
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Pigeon Lake Sanitary District: Pigeon Lake Management Planning: Conduct water quality monitoring. Revise bathymetric map of lake. Map and inventory watershed for land use, nutrient load estimates, and pollution sources.Conduct a macrophyte survey. Information will be disseminated to the public by newsletter, public meeting, local newspaper articles, and report mailings.


Grant Details
Large Scale Lake Planning
Date
4/1/2004
Waters Involved
Pigeon Lake
Status
Complete

Town Of Liberty: Pigeon Lake Water Quality & Apm Study: The Town of Liberty Sanitary District #1 in cooperation with the Pigeon Lake Association proposes to conduct a study on Pigeon Lake to compare the existing water quality and aquatic plant community to earlier studies to determine whether conditions have significantly changed. Specifically, the project will collect and review existing data, evaluate lake water chemistry, evaluate internal and external phosphorus sources, examine the aquatic plant community, and revise and amend the management recommendations made in the 1995 report regarding lake and aquatic plant management.

A hard copy and electronic copy of the report will be submitted to the Department of Natural Resources. The Pigeon Lake Association and the Town of Liberty Sanitary District #1 will each receive one hard copy of the report. The report will also be provided on a CD so that the Pigeon Lake Association can make additional copies of the report for distribution as they choose


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Pigeon River
Status
Complete

Village Of Howards Grove: Stormwater Management Plan & Development: development of a storm water management plan, to include creation of stormwater, erosion & illicit discharge control ordinances, mapping, assessment of alternative practice installations, and creation of a municipal storm water utility.


Grant Details
Urban Nonpoint - Stormwater Planning
Date
1/1/2005
Waters Involved
Unnamed
Status
Complete

Town Of Sheboygan - Dpw: Stormwater Planning Projects: development of a storm water management plan, to include creation of stormwater, erosion & illicit discharge control ordinances, mapping, assessment of alternative practice installations, and creation of a municipal storm water utility.


Grant Details
River Planning Grant
Date
7/1/2003
Waters Involved
Pigeon River
Status
Complete

Ellwood H May Envir Park Trust, Sheboygan Co: Testing The Waters Educational Project-Pigeon River: This grant is for the "Testing the Waters" program that is coordinated by the Sheboygan School District. The purpose of the project is to involve high school students in collection and analyzing water quality data from several stream locations within the Sheboygan River Basin. Students and teachers learn important lessons about river ecology and impacts of pollution as part of this project. The goal of this organization is to assist the "Testing the Waters" Program and as a result enhance the membership and organizational effectiveness of their River Management Organization.

Teachers and students will interpret and report water quality datat ata an annual public forum. The grant will help fund the program for three years. A final report will submitted to the WDNR at the end of the project period. This will be provided in both a paper copy and an electronic format. Information will be disseminated to the public as described in the grant application.


Monitoring & Projects

Projects including grants, restoration work and studies shown below have occurred in this watershed. Click the links below to read through the text. While these are not an exhaustive list of activities, they provide insight into the management activities happening in this watershed.

Grants and Management Projects
Pigeon River Watershed
Watershed Recommendations
Citizen-Based Stream Monitoring
Citizen Stream Monitoring
Date
Status
Collect chemical, physical, and/or biological water quality data to assess the current overall stream health. The data can inform management decisions and may be used to identify impaired waters for biennial lists.
1/1/2012
In Progress
Projects
 
Engage Volunteers in Monitoring/Restoration
 
Date
Status
Water quality biologists should continue to work with the Pigeon River Water Action Volunteers in conducting water quality monitoring throughout the Pigeon River Watershed.
1/1/2010
Proposed
 
Hire County Aquatic Invasives Coordinator
 
Date
Status
Hire Aquatic Invasives (AIS) County Coordinator - Sheboygan
1/1/2011
Not Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor Aquatic Biology
Monitor biology on WBIC: 62600
Date
Status
Conduct biological (mIBI or fIBI) monitoring on Unnamed, WBIC: 62600, AU:948890
5/21/2016
Proposed
Projects
 
Monitor to Evaluate Projects
 
Date
Status
Conduct monitoring on the Pigeon River to determine if it should be listed on the Impaired Waters List
7/15/2008
Planned
 
Pigeon River WatershedWatershed History Note

Howards Grove is a village located within the Pigeon River Watershed in Sheboygan County. In 1846, several families from Germany settled in what is now Howards Grove and the surrounding areas. Many of the original buildings are still standing. One of the early established businesses was the Herman House, a tavern known for many years as Kolberg's Tavern and is now the site of Howard's Pantry. Throughout the late 1800's new businesses were established. There were cheese factories, wagon implement and harness makers, shoemakers, carpenters, blacksmiths and cigar makers. In 1890 a saw and grist mill were sold to Herman Sprenger, who added a roller mill and cheese box factory. This is now the site of Lakeshore Pallet. A general store, built on Millersville Avenue in 1868 is now the location of Inside Out Designs. The State Bank of Howards Grove was organized in 1913. When the bank built a new building in 1950, the original building was moved across the street and today is used as both a home and a barbershop. Howards Grove was named after H.B. Howard, who built a hotel among a beautiful grove of trees, and added a post office. Later a store and livery were added. Operated into the early 1900's, it is now the site of Klemme's Wagon Wheel restaurant. The southern part of the Village, known at the time as Millersville, was named after H.G. Mueller, who built a home and saw mill on 3 1/2 acres. By 1854 he had purchased most of the land in that area and laid it out in lots. Prior to 1967, Millersville and Howards Grove were two small, unincorporated communities in the Town of Herman. After the Howards Grove-Millersville Sanitary District was formed, the two communities combined into one and incorporation into a single village took place on August 1, 1967, with a population of 927. The village had the distinction of having the longest name of any village in Wisconsin, but on Nov. 2, 1971, residents voted to shorten the name to Howards Grove.

Date  2011